For decades the idea of abortion is one of the most important ethical issues ever concerned in United States. Should abortion be allowed in the United States? If so under what circumstances the practice should be allowed? Abortion which is the deliberate termination of a pregnancy has been one of the most intensely debated matters in the United States for more than a century. Therefore, this paper will examine all the interpretation of the issue. It will explore the history of abortion, the reality and moral rights made by both parties that argue the issue. This paper will also explain political positions taken on abortion and examined those affected by it.
Abortion is a process that has been practiced since ancient times. The first recorded of abortion dates back to 2600 B.C. according to Werner Haas in the article History of Abortion. In the United States abortion dates back to the early 1800’s it was a means of controlling the population. According to Judy Norsigian practice of abortion was outlawed in the United States in 1880. However, about 2 million abortions in a year were illegally performed after it was outlawed. Although the number of death induced by illegal abortions is not exactly known scholars state that “approximately five thousand women died annually in the U.S. because of unsafe abortions and several hundred thousand women a year were treated for health complications due to botched, unsanitary.” In a contemporary society abortion still remains as a big issue because as many may perhaps argue that abortion violates the dignity of the human person. It takes away the innate right of all human, the right to live, and is consider murder. Many debate that a child is a person, not a choice. The mother should not be given the option to kill a baby because the mother does not want it. A quote by Mother Teresa reads, "It is poverty to decide that a child must die so that you may live as you wish." Almost every religion condemned those who support or have abortions. The idea of abortion is mainly conclude for selfish purposes. The words “thou shalt not kill” is a verse from the Bible Ten Commandments that has been forgotten, one of the most sacred laws of all men. In religious understanding the life of a fetus begins at the moment of conception. But is all merely based on faith and whether a person has faith is grounded on personal principles.
However, intellectually, the issue of abortion can also be argued that it involves the balance of rights and freedoms between the mother and the baby. Some debate that woman constitutional rights are violated. The debate can be solely based on the Ninth Amendment, that states "the enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people," in other words the Ninth Amendment protects a person's right to privacy. Therefore, do abortions violate a women right to privacy if she is forced to keep a child? Should women have right to decide whether they want to be mothers or not? The issue on abortion has divided the United States thirty-three years since the Supreme Court’s ruling in Jane Roe v. Dallas District Attorney Henry Wade in 1973. As of today, over 45 million legal abortions have been performed in the United States, states Dr. Terry Watkins. Pro-choice advocates hold these 45 million abortions as being 45 million times women have exercised their right to choose to control their own bodies. To anti-abortion, activists these 45 million abortions constitute 45 million murders, a slaughter of human life in the United States spread by the court’s ruling in Roe v. Wade.
The Rode v. Wade case is the historic Supreme Court decision overturning a Texas interpretation of abortion law and making abortion legal in the United States. According to Dr. and Mrs. J.C. Willkie the Roe v. Wade decision held that a woman, with her doctor, could choose abortion in earlier months...