The Abortion Issue: Pro-Choice
Abortion is a term used for the termination of the pregnancy by removing of the embryo or the fetus from the uterus of a woman. The abortion takes place in two ways. It can be induced abortion or it can be spontaneous abortion. In the induced abortion, the pregnancy is aborted intentionally, but the spontaneous abortion take place of its own due to some natural or accidental reasons. But whatever be the reason, the word abortion is always a burning issue in the society and politics. In the United States, abortions were legalized after the case Roe v. Wade, 1973 ruled that laws banning abortion were unconstitutional. Since then, groups supporting the right to abortion (“pro choice”) and groups against abortion (“pro life”) have continued to have ideological battles over which argument should be the law of the land. However, a woman is best capable of deciding whether or not she is able and willing to care for a child. Thus, she should similarly be able to decide whether or not she wishes to terminate an unwanted pregnancy. First of all, before 1973, the criminalization of abortion did not prevent termination of unwanted pregnancies. As Studlar and Tatalovich reveals, “In the United States by the early - twentieth century, abortion had been proscribed in the criminal codes of all fifty states; abortions to save the mother's life were virtually the only exception to this until in the 1960s reformers crusaded for legal abortions for other "therapeutic" reasons.” The only legal option available during that time was the choice of adoption. criminalization promoted illegal abortion that endangered women. At that time, professional medical termination was not available, so many women resorted to illegal abortion which brought social condemnation. Many women were forced to find abortionist who worked outside the law. Those kinds of abortionist were called “back street butchers” because they had little or no proper medical training which...
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