Explain the individual and environmental factors that impact positively or negatively on learning. The study of adult learning – ANDRAGOGY – originated in Europe in the 1950s and was then pioneered as a theory and model of adult learning from the 1970s by Malcolm knowles, an American practitioner and theorist of adult education. He defined androgogy as: „the art and science of helping adults learn“ Knowles identified six principles of adult learning, which are: 1.Adults are internally motivated and self-directed.
2. Adults bring life experiences and knowledge to learning experiences. 3. Adults are goal oriented.
4. Adults are relevancy oriented.
5. Adults are practical.
6. Adults learners like to be respected.
With individualised learning the trainer needs to consider and cater for the needs of individual participants. Some of the key factors to consider are: -
Rates of learning and learning style
Interest which effect the level of learning
Learners can work at their own pace at the time most convenient to them -
Different learning styles can be accommodated
All this above mentioned factors can have positive or negative impact on learning. I have identified that people have different learning styles and it is very important to utilise this to gaing the most from each individual learner and to help make their learning as effective as possible. There is no one right combination of elements that will magically result in a positive climate for learning for every participant. There is also four kinds of learning styles:
Visual learning style has a preference for seen or observed things, including pictures, diagrams, demonstrations, displays, handouts, films, flip-chart, etc. These people will use phrases such as „show me“, „lets have a look at that“ and will be bes table to perform a new task after reading the instrucitons or watching someone else do it first. These are people who will work from lists and written derections and instructions.
Auditory learning style has a preference for the transfer of information through listening: to spoken word, of self or others, of sounds and noises. These people will use phrases such as „tell me“, lets talk it over“ and will be best able to perform a new task after listening to instructions from an expert.
Kinaesthetic learning styles has a preference for physical experience touching, feeling, holding, doing,, practical hands-on experience. These people will use phrases such as „let met try“, how do you feel? And will be best table to perform a new task by going ahead and trying it out, learning as they go. These are the people who like to experiment, hands-on, and never look at the instructions first.
Auditory digital learning style has a preference for working outside of the senses. People will tend to: have a need to make sense of the word, to figure things out, to understand. Talk to themselves and carrz on conversations with you in their mind.Learn by working things out in their mind.Not to be spontaneous, as they like to think things through. Have logic play a key role in the decision process as do facts and figures. Memorize by steps, procedures, sequences. The learners have a wide range of learning needs and styles, and this diversity must be take into account by employing a variety of training methods. In additions, the size of the venue, the arrangement of the furniture, the functioning of equipment and other physical aspects of the training room all contribute to, or detract from, the learning evironment. When these factors can be manipulated to be positive influences, an environment more conductive to learning will be created. Organisational and process decisions:
Venue, Facilities,Environment, Meals and refreshments, Accessibility, Cost and Physical layout.
Environment – the environment around the training centre should be conductive to training taking place. There are...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document