The Gouzenko Affair

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What would be on the exam?
Post War:
UN:
-An international organization
-Aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace -The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations -Stops wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue FLQ: (1963-1970)

-Front de libération du Québec (FLQ; English: Quebec Liberation Front) -Paramilitary group in Quebec
-Regarded as a terrorist organization for its violent methods of action -Responsible for over 160 violent incidents which killed eight people and injured many more -Attacks ended in 1970 with the October Crisis

-British Trade Commissioner James Cross was kidnapped and Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte was murdered -Supported the Quebec sovereignty movement
-FLQ members practised propaganda of the deed and issued declarations that called for a socialist insurrection against oppressors identified with "Anglo-Saxon" imperialism -Wanted to overthrow the Quebec government

-Wanted the independence of Quebec from Canada and the establishment of a French-speaking Quebecer "workers' society" -Soviet Union denounced the FLQ's kidnapping of Cross and the murder of Laporte -Refused to recognize it as a national liberation movement

-Designated it as a "terrorist separatist organization".
Baby Boom:
-A period of increased birthrates lasting from 1946 to about 1965 -The baby boom began with the births of children who had been postponed during the Depression -Improved economic conditions caused a recovery that accelerated during World War Two

People:
Lester B Pearson:
Liberal Party of Canada
(1958.01.16 - 1968.04.05)
John Diefenbaker:
Progressive Conservative Party
(1956.12.14 - 1967.09.08)
Brian Mulroney :
Progressive Conservative Party
(1983.06.11 - 1993.06.12)
Pierre E. Trudeau:
Liberal Party of Canada
(1968.04.06 - 1984.06.15)
Joseph Clark:
Progressive Conservative Party
( 1979 )  Only 7 months
Events:
Quiet Revolution: (1959-1960)
-Duplessis rejected ideas that were ‘progressive’ and worked to support the Catholic Church, the French language, and Quebec’s rural culture -They wanted to make sure that things do not change
-It was against the law to form a union or strike
-Social conditions in Quebec had fallen behind those in the rest of the country -Women could not vote in provincial elections until 1940
-And after that, married women in Quebec had much the same status and rights as children -Under the new Liberal leadership, the Quebec society became more secular, moving away from its previous focus on the Catholic Churches -Many people also began to openly question many social standards -Traditions based on a rural way of life, such as high birth rates and early marriages, began to change -Institutions such as education and health care were transformed as people welcomed the move to create a social safety net that was similar to that developing in the rest of Canada.

Berlin Blockade: (June 24th , 1948 - May 12th , 1949)

Why they were in Berlin:
-Yalta conference
-Plan was to go to Berlin, occupy Berlin and then leave
-Stalin stays – Spread of communism
-Everyone was trying to not go to war against Russia because it’s a civilian area and there are lots of people -People won’t support the bombing of civilians
-They have already been at war for the last 7 years
-Open hostilities that were acceptable (democracy and freedom vs oppressive fascism) now there are no open hostilities -Allies didn’t want to go to war and public wouldn’t be in favor Why blockade was setup:

-Blockade was set up against Soviet Union
-Keeps out electricity, food, different supplies
-Allies ship supplies to Berlin civilians (don’t want to be the reason that civilians starve) • Point of blockade = to get the other person to quit -Both sides were stubborn
-...
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