Plantation Crops Production (Pomology)

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COURSE CODE: COURSE TITLE: NUMBER OF UNITS: COURSE DURATION:

HRT 502 PLANTATION CROPS PRODUCTION (POMOLOGY) 2 Units 3 Hours

COURSE DETAILS: COURSE DETAILS:
Course Coordinator: Email: Office Location: Other Lecturers: Prof. I. O. O. Aiyelaagbe B. Sc., M.Sc. Ph.D. aiyelaagbeioo@unaab.edu.ng Room 216 COLPLANT Dr L. A. Hammed and Mrs T. T. Joseph-Adekunle

COURSE CONTENT:
What is a plantation? Economic importance of plantation crops. Climatic and soil requirements. Fruit tree propagation, selection and preparation of nursery site of cacao, kola, cashew, oil palm, citrus, coffee, rubber etc. Plantation / orchard establishment: Site selection, layout, land preparation and planning. Crop improvement / management practices. Chemical weed and pest control. Harvesting: Seed control, preservation, storage, packaging, processing and marketing. Practical: Identification of different types of plantation crops. Identification of fresh fruits, seeds / nuts and primarily processed seeds / nuts of these crops. Production and management of their seedlings in the nursery. Identification of vigorous, less-vigorous, diseased and insect infested seedlings in the nursery. Criteria for selecting transplantable seedlings of these tree crops.

COURSE REQUIREMENTS:
The course is compulsory for all students in COLPLANT and COLAMRUD. All students must make 75% class attendance in order to be eligible to sit for the examination.

READING LIST:
Opeke, L. K. Tropical Tree Crops. Spectrum Books Ibadan, Nigeria. 2005. Nakasone, H.Y. and Paull, R.E. Tropical fruits CAB International, U.K. 1998.

Ohler, J. G. Cashew. Communication 71. Department of Agricultural Research. Koninklijk Instituut Voor De Tropen. Amsterdam. 1979. Van Eijnatten, C. L. M. KOLA: ITS BOTANY AND CULTIVATION. Communication 59. Department of Agricultural Research. Koninklijk. Instituut Voor De Tropen. Amsterdam. 1969. N. K. Jain, M. A. Siddiqi, J. H. Weisburger. Protective effects of tea on human health. CABI. 2006. R. H. Raemaekers. Crop Production in the Tropical Africa. Directorate General for International Cooperation. Ministry of foreign affairs, External trade and International Cooperation.

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Brussels, Belgium. 2001.

Guy Mossu. COCOA. MACMILLAN Press limited, London and Basingstoke. CTA-The Tropical Agriculturalist, 1992. Denis Bonheure. TEA. MACMILLAN Press limited, London and Basingstoke. CTA-The Tropical Agriculturalist, 1991. H. R. Cambrony. COFFEE. MACMILLAN Press limited, London and Basingstoke. CTA-The Tropical Agriculturalist, 1992. J-C Jacquemard. OIL PALM. MACMILLAN Press limited, London and Basingstoke. CTA-The Tropical Agriculturalist, 1998.

E LECTURE NOTES
PLANTATION?  Plantation is a piece of land not less than but more than 5ha dedicated to production of permanent tree crops with industrial value. It is profit oriented industry comprising of different aspects that can stand alone as a venture.  Plantation is usually monospecific in nature.  Economic importance of studying Plantation crops are : 1. Job opportunities e.g. plantation manger, consultancy, research/ teaching, input supplier importer/exporter, inspectors 2. Demand for industrial Raw materials e.g. rubber, palm oil, palm kernel oil,, Cashew nut oil, cocoa butter, e.t.c 3. Foreign Exchange earning 4. Environmental control in terms of creation of microclimate- canopy of trees provide shade, litters increase organic matter in the soil. SOME PLANTATION CROPS • Rubber- Hevea brasillensis • Oil palm- Elaeis gueneensis • Tea- Camellia sinensis • Coffee – Coffea arabica • Cocoa- Theobroma cacao • Cashew- Anarcadium occidentalis • Citrus- Citrus spp. • Coconut – Cocos nucifera • Ogbono – Irvingia gabonenesis • Sugarcane- Saccharum officinarum Plantation establishment Some Terminologies in Plantation crops Husbandry  Pre- nursery – It is a stage in propagation of tree crops where an environment that ensure uniform germination of seeds...
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