The Commission used three indicators i.e, social, educational and economic. Most students are haunted by the nightmare of unemployment/of underemployment. In such a situation the government's electoral decision to reserve jobs on the basis of caste for an additional 27% to the existing quota of reservation of 22.5% for SCs and STs was bound to create frustrations among the youth. 2. Constitution of India and Welfare of Backward Classes
it obligatory for the State to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may, a social order, in which justice, social, economic and political shall inform all the institution of the National life. (a) Pre Examination Coaching
The objective of the scheme is to coach candidates belonging to OBCs to enable then, to compete in various competitive/entrance examinations A i outlay of Rs. 2 crore was provided during 1998-99. (b) Hostels for OBCs Boys and Girls
The hostel under the scheme will be constructed in States/UTs having a large OBCs population but inadequate hostel facilities. The hostels will be constructed for middle, secondary, college and university level students. (c) Pre-matric Scholarship for OBCs
Scholarship award will be sanctioned to students whose parents'/guardians' income does not exceed Rs. 44,500 per annum. The Central assistance will be 50 per cent. (d) Pre-Matric Scholarship to the OBCs
The scheme provides financial assistance to the OBCs students at post-matriculation/post secondary stage to enable them to complete their education. Write a short essay on the social welfare in India
The social Welfare Services of the Government of India are intended to carter to the special needs of persons and groups who, by reason of some handicap, social, economic, physicals or mental are unable to avail themselves of the amenities and services provided by the community. These weaker sections include women, children, handicapped, aged and infirm, Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes etc. Social welfare activities in the country find their inspiration in constitution which postulates the goal of welfare state. Article 38 of the Constitution enjoying that the steps shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may, a social order in which, social, economic and political shall in form all the institutions of the national life. They also encourage the states to ensure that the health and strength of wonders, men and women and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age and strength, and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment. The Social Welfare Services in almost four decades of planning having sought to serve the development and rehabilitation needs of the weaker sections of the society. The programmes of Social Welfare have been included in various Five Year Plans. 1) Women Welfare:
It was realised that the regeneration of women should be intrinsically bound up with the regeneration of the entire nation. Hence it was considered necessary to initiate specific measure for the welfare of women. Further, the benefits, of general welfare programmes reach women and children indirectly. It was not adequate for the need of women. Therefore, specific programmes have been initiated for the welfare of women. These programmes include prohibition of dowry, functional literacy for adult women, working women’s hostels and Mahila Mandals etc. Besides socio economic programmes have been undertaken the Government to provide needy women and destitute with work and wage to supplement the meager income of their families. Learning from the shortcoming of the past and the tardy progress have made in the development of women. The nation has now taken women’s development seriously particularly...