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Brown v. Board of Education
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown_v._Board_of_Education

|Brown v. Board of Education | |[pic] | |Supreme Court of the United States | |Argued December 9, 1952 | |Reargued December 8, 1953 | |Decided May 17, 1954 | |Full case name |Oliver Brown, et al. v. Board of Education of Topeka, et | | |al. | |Citations |347 U.S. 483 (more) | | |74 S. Ct. 686; 98 L. Ed. 873; 1954 U.S. LEXIS 2094; 53 | | |Ohio Op. 326; 38 A.L.R.2d 1180 | |Prior history |Judgment for defendants, 98 F. Supp. 797 (D. Kan. 1951) | |Subsequent history |Judgment on relief, 349 U.S. 294 (1955) (Brown II); on | | |remand, 139 F. Supp. 468 (D. Kan. 1955); motion to | | |intervene granted, 84 F.R.D. 383 (D. Kan. 1979); judgment | | |for defendants, 671 F. Supp. 1290 (D. Kan. 1987); | | |reversed, 892 F.2d 851 (10th Cir. 1989); vacated, 503 U.S.| | |978 (1992) (Brown III); judgment reinstated, 978 F.2d 585 | | |(10th Cir. 1992); judgment for defendants, 56 F. Supp. 2d | | |1212 (D. Kan. 1999) | |Holding | |Segregation of students in public schools violates the Equal Protection Clause| |of the Fourteenth Amendment, because separate facilities are inherently | |unequal. District Court of Kansas reversed. | |Court membership | |Chief Justice | |Earl Warren | | | | | | | | | |Associate Justices | |Hugo Black · Stanley F. Reed | |Felix Frankfurter · William O. Douglas | |Robert H. Jackson · Harold H. Burton | |Tom C. Clark · Sherman Minton | | | |Case opinions | |Majority |Warren, joined by unanimous | |Laws applied | |United States Constitution, Amendment XIV |

Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896 which allowed state-sponsored segregation. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court's unanimous (9–0) decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." As a result, de jure racial segregation was ruled a violation of...
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