1. What does the word Islam mean?
In Arabic, the word “Islam” means submission or surrender, it is derived from the root word “salam” in which you can also derive the root words peace and safety.
2. What is Zamzam?
The name of the holy well located in Mecca believed to be revealed when Abraham’s infant son Ishmael kicked the ground desperate for water. Millions of Muslims today drink from the well while performing their pilgrimage to Mecca
3. What is the Ka’bah?
One of the most sacred sites in Islam, it is a large marble structure located in the middle of al Masjid al Haram (Sacred Mosque). It’s said to be built by Abraham and his son Ishmael to dedicate to Allah, and also houses the sacred Black Stone. No matter where you are, Muslims supposed to be facing the direction of Kaaba when in prayer.
4. Fully describe the role Abraham played in Islam.
Ibrahim is considered to be the father of both Arabs and of Jews according to Muslims. It’s also believed that he is neither a Jew nor a Muslim, but somebody who is a hernif - somebody who essentially and intrinsically knows that there is really only one God. Much of what Islamic tradition is about, along with rituals such as the Hajj - stem from the pre-Islamic era and are translated into Islamic rituals through Ibrahim. The Kaaba was built because God spoke to Ibrahim about constructing a sacred house for God.
5. When was Muhammad born?
570 AD, Mecca
6. What did Muhammad dislike about his birthplace, Mecca?
It was filled with idol worship and when he was assigned by God to call people to Islam per God revelation of Quran to him, the disbelievers disliked his views against discrimination. The people of Mecca were steeped in their ways and opposed Muhammad and his small group of followers in every way.
7. Describe the “Night of Power” and how Muhammad became the Messenger of God.
The Lailat ul-Qadr or “Night of Power” is the night in which the Holy Quran is revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. At the age of 40, while engaged in a meditative retreat, Muhammad received his first revelation from God through the Archangel Gabriel. Muhammad began to recite the words he heard from Gabriel and to preach the truth which God had revealed to him.
8. What is the “Night Journey?” Be sure to include in your answer a discussion of Isra and Miraj.
The Night Journey starts out with the Isra, where Gabriel presents to Muhammad the heavenly winged steed called the Buraq. With the Buraq, he then journeys to the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem where he met and prayed with Prophets Moses, Abraham, Jesus, and John. Gabriel then gives Muhammad the decision to drink the wine or milk, Muhammad chooses the milk which fulfills the prophecy. After this, is the Miraj, where Muhammad is ascended into heaven and passes the seven heavenly realms, where he meets God.
9. What is the significance of Medina?
It’s considered the first Islamic Republic and is the location of the first Mosque built
10. Describe in detail the Five Pillars of Islam:
· Shahada : It is the declaration of belief in the oneness of God and acceptance of Muhammad as God's prophet.
· Salat : The practice of formal worship to Allah
· Zawat :
· Sawm : Arabic word for fasting regulated by Islamic jurisprudence. In the terminology of Islamic law, the observance of sawm during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan.
· Hajj : the pilgrimage to Mecca that every Muslim is required to make at least once in his life, provided he has enough money and the health to do so
11. Briefly describe the conflict between the Sunni and Shi’ite Muslims.
The schism occurred when the Islamic prophet...
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