Chapter 25 Notes
Manchuria: Japan takes over the providence of Manchuria, China, in 1931. Due to this the League of Nations began to fail. Shortly after Japan withdrew from the leave and took over the rest of China. Due to this the threat in Asia and the Pacific increased. This was the first event leading up to the war. Benito Mussolini: Italian Fascist who became dictator. He supported the World War and joined forces with Nazi Germany to for the Rome-Berlin Axis. Nazis: National Socialist party led by Adolf Hitler. He combined militaristic ideas and a racist idea of Aryan supremacy believing that nonwhites and Jews were lesser races. Ethiopia: Italy began to act on its imperialistic vision and invaded Ethiopia and claimed the kingdom as a colony Francisco Franco: Spanish Fascist General during the Spanish civil war who became dictator and called for a non-belligerent approach to the war. Rome-Berlin Axis: A formal Alliance between Italy and Germany Nuremburg laws: Laws denying civil right laws to Jews
Kristallnacht: November 9, 1938 also known as “The Night of Broken Glass”. Nazi police took Jews in their sleep beating and murdering other. They also smashed the windows of Jewish shops, hospitals, orphanages, and burned all synagogues to the ground. Blitzkrieg: German war tactic in WWII (“lightning war”) involving the concentration of air and armored power to punch and exploit holes in opposing defensive lines. Neutrality Acts: permitted the sale of weapons to Britain, France, and China Lend-Lease Act: An arrangement for the transfer of war supplies, including food, machinery, and services to nations whose defense was considered vital to the defense of the United States in WWII Atlantic Charter: Statement of common principles and war aims developed by President FDR and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at a meeting in August 1941 War Powers Act: Act that gave the U.S. President the power to reorganize the federal government and create new agencies; to establish programs censoring news, information, and abridging civil liberties; to seize foreign-owned property; and award government contracts without bidding. Office of War Information (OWI): Program created to engage the press, radio, and film industry in an informational campaign to sell the war to the American people. The Bracero Program: Program, in 1942, that negotiated the bringing of more than 200,000 Mexicans into the US for employment as farm workers. Rosie the Riveter: Appeared in advertisements encouraging women to work during the war and served as the model American woman. Japanese-American Internment: The relocation of more than 120,000 Japanese Americans to internment camps Issei and Nisei-Issei: The freezing of financial assets of American born peoples and citizens with Japanese parents Korematsu v. United States (1944): upheld the constitutionality of relocation on grounds of national security Double V: the campaign lead by African American activists in which they mobilized for allied victory and for their own rights as citizens Zoot Suit Riots: Riot in June 4, 1943 that lasted 5 days. Due to the abuse of Mexican Americans dressed in zoot suits by sailors. Women’s Army Corps (WAC): Legislation for the formation of women’s corps which was drafted by the army. Royal Air Force: British Air Force
Battle of Britain: Air campaign waged by the German Air Force against the UK Battle of Stalingrad: attack on Stalingrad, a major industrial city on the Volga River, by the Nazis General Douglas MacArthur: commander of the Air Force in the Philippines General Erwin Rommel: head of the German Afrika Korps
General Erwin Rommel: general in the United States army
D-Day June 6, 1944: the day of the first paratroop drops and amphibious landing on the coast of Normandy, France, in the first stage of Operation Overlord during WWII Battle of the Bulge: German offensive in December 1944 that penetrated deep into Belgium. Allied forces attacked from the...
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