"Mutation" Essays and Research Papers

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Part I 1. Contrast the terms mutation and polymorphism. Mutations are “substitution patterns during gene divergence across vertebrate species” (Lourenco, Galtier & glemin, 2011, p. 67). In the case of species divergence “changes in population sizes or environmental changes can move populations away from equilibrium” (Lourenco, Galtier & glemin, 2011, p. 67). On the other hand, polymorphism is when “diverted natural selection rooted in differential resource…can generate and maintain...

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Mutations Abstract

crime-fighting turtles. The truth is, everyone is a mutant. Our bodies all contain mutations. They are what make humans so diverse in terms of attributes. Mutations are changes, or mistakes, in our genetic code, or DNA. These changes are normal, and although some mutations can be harmful, or even beneficial, most do not affect bodily functions at all. But how do these mutations form and where do they come from? One way to get mutations is by new ones forming. When embryos are being developed, the genetic information...

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Genetic Mutation

In biology, term- mutation has been described as changes to the base pair sequence of the genetic material of an organism. Mutations can be caused by: copying errors in the genetic material during cell division, by exposure to ultraviolet or ionizing radiation, chemical mutagens, or viruses, or can occur deliberately under cellular control during processes such as hypermutation. In multicellular organisms, mutations can be subdivided into germ line mutations, which can be passed on to descendants...

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3.06 Mutations Essay

3.06 Mutations Essay A woman's lifetime risk of developing breast cancer is approximately 12 percent, but there are certain BRCA mutations that increase the risk for women to 50-80 percent. For ovarian cancer a BRCA mutation means that a woman goes from a 1.4 percent risk to a 40-60 percent jump. What are BCRA1 and BCRA 2 mutations? The term BRCA itself stands for breast cancer susceptibility. BRCA1 and BRCA2 belong to a class of human genes that suppress tumors. If these genes mutate, then one...

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Gene Mutations

GENE MUTATION,TYPES OF MUTATIONS 1. Gene Mutation A Gene Mutation is defined as an alternation in the sequence of nucleotides in DNA. It can affect a single nucleotide pair or larger gene segments of a chromosome. Mutations cause changes in the genetic code which lead to genetic variation and the potential to develop disease. What causes Gene Mutation? → Gene mutations are most commonly caused as a result of two types of occurrences. 1. Environmental factors Ex) chemicals, radiation...

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Structure of DNA and effect of Point Mutation

The structure of DNA and the effect of point mutations (25 MARKS) Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) is a polynucleotide molecule that encodes the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms and many viruses. Most DNA molecules are double stranded helices, consisting of two polynucleotide strands made up of simpler molecules known as nucleotides. A nucleotide is made up of an organic nitrogenous base, a deoxyribose sugar and...

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Genetic Mutations That Cause Skin Cancer

GENETIC MUTATIONS THAT CAUSE SKIN CANCER 2 Cancer begins when one or more genes change from their normal form. This either creates an abnormal protein or no protein at all, both of which cause mutated cells to multiply uncontrollably. (Association, 2011) Melanoma can either be caused by inherited genes or defects that are caused from environmental factors, such as exposure to too much sun. However, according to the Centre for Genetics Education, all cancers can be considered genetic...

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1. Spontaneous Mutation -> it is a mutation that arises naturally and not as a result of exposure to mutagens. It arises from a variety of sources which may include: errors in DNA replication, spontaneous lesions, and transposable genetic elements. Non-spontaneous/ Induced Mutation -> a mutation that is produced by treatment with a physical or chemical agent that affects the DNA molecules of a living organism. It may arise in a variety of ways such as exposure to ultraviolet or ionizing radiation...

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UV Radiation induces a mutation

To deduce if UV Radiation induced a mutation in the DNA of Serratia Marcescens and prevented the production of the red pigment called Prodigiosin. Hypothesis: Maybe the disappearance of red color in Serratia Marcescens is caused by the UV light which induces mutations in its DNA and is known as a common mutagen. Prediction: If UV light mutates the DNA of Serratia Marcescens then the red pigment colonies of the bacteria will no longer be produced. Independent Variable: Ultra Violet Radiation...

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The Effect of Radiation in Inducing Mutation on the Growth of Zea Mays

The Effect of Radiation in Inducing Mutation On the Growth of Zea mays1 Milanie Joy S. Baradi BIO 30 Section S-1L October 10, 2011 ____________________ 1A scientific paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements in Biology 30 laboratory under Professor Neilyn O. Villa, 1st semester, 2011-2012. ABSTRACT To determine the effects of gamma radiation in inducing mutation on the growth of corn (Zea mays), an experiment using corn seeds exposed...

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