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    Amino Acids

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    Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Amino acids bind together to form polypeptide chains‚ and these polypeptides fold and coil together into specific conformations to form proteins. There are 20 different amino acids‚ each amino acid consisting of four distinct partners. The first is a carboxyl group. A carboxyl group has very weak acids that are able to donate hydrogen ions to biological reactions. The second partner is the amino acid group. Amino acid groups act as the base which‚

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    Amino acids

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    AMINO ACIDS SUSMITA DAS SWAPNA MONDAL OBJECTIVES  To study about Amino acids.  To study the classifications of amino acids based on different headings.  To study the functions of amino acids. INTRODUCTION  Amino acids:• Amino acids are monomers of protein. • Amino acids are group of organic compounds which contain two functional groups. One is Amino group(NH2) and the other is Carboxyl group(COOH). • Proteins are broken down into amino acids on hydrolysis. • Each amino acid also have a

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    Amino Acids

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    Amino Acids Glycine is the smallest of the amino acids. It is ambivalent‚ meaning that it can be inside or outside of the protein molecule. In aqueous solution at or near neutral pH‚ glycine will exist predominantly as the zwitterion. Alanine is a hydrophobic molecule. It is ambivalent‚ meaning that it can be inside or outside of the protein molecule. The α carbon of alanine is optically active; in proteins‚ only the L-isomer is found. Serine differs from alanine in that one of the methylenic

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    Amino Acid Metabolism

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    non-essential amino acidsamino acid remodeling‚ and conversion of non-amino acid carbon skeletons into amino acids and other derivatives that contain nitrogen. However‚ the liver is the major site of nitrogen metabolism in the body. In times of dietary surplus‚ the potentially toxic nitrogen of amino acids is eliminated via transaminations‚ deamination‚ and urea formation; the carbon skeletons are generally conserved as carbohydrate‚ via gluconeogenesis‚ or as fatty acid via fatty acid synthesis pathways

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    Amino Acid Chromatography

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    Abstract In this experiment paper chromatography was used in order to identify two unknown amino acids using eight known amino ones. The two unknown ones were identified by comparing the distance they travelled up the chromatography paper and their Rf values to the corresponding values of the other eight known amino acids. The unknown amino acids identified were Glycine and Methionine. Introduction Proteins in cells are important in many ways. There are different types of proteins such as

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    Amino Acids Review

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    Alanine (ala‚ A) (neutral‚ non-polar) Arginine (arg‚ R) (basic‚ polar) Asparagine (asn‚ N) (neutral‚ polar) Aspartic Acid (asp‚ D) (acidic‚ polar) Cysteine (cys‚ C) (neutral‚ slightly polar) Glutamic Acid (glu‚ E) (acidic‚ polar) Glutamine (gln‚ Q) (neutral‚ polar) Glycine (gly‚ G) (neutral‚ non-polar) Histidine (his‚ H) (basic‚ polar) Isoleucine (ile‚ I) (neutral‚ non-polar) Leucine (leu‚ L) (neutral‚ non-polar) Lysine (lys‚ K) (basic‚ polar) Methionine (met‚

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    Amino Acids

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    structures and properties of amino acids know the groups of amino acid What are amino acids? Amino acids are molecules that when combined with each other  proteins. Amino acids contain a central tetrahedral carbon atom (α-carbon) amine group‚ carboxyl group‚ R-side chain The R-side chain determines the different amino acids There are 20 common amino acidsAmino acids can join via peptide bonds Several amino acids occur only rarely in proteins Some amino acids are not found in proteins

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    Amino Acids Research Paper

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    Amino Acids Amino acids are biologically organic compounds containing amine and carboxylic acid functional groups‚ usually along with a side-chain specific to each amino acid. The elements that are key of an amino acid are carbon‚ hydrogen‚ oxygen‚ and nitrogen. There are about 500 different kinds of amino acids found but we recognize 23 of the amino acids that are known‚ they are classified into three groups‚ essential semi-essential‚ and non-essential. Each amino acid has unique characteristics

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    Characteristics and Properties of Amino Acids Introduction: Each amino acid has at least one amine and one acid functional group as the name implies. The different properties result from variations in the structures of different R groups. The R group is often referred to as the amino acid side chain. Amino acids have special common names‚ however‚ a three letter abbreviation for the name is used most of the time. A second abbreviation ‚ single letter‚ is used in long protein structures.Consult

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    Fish Amino Acid Fertilizer

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    method of producing an organic fertilizer by utilizing fish‚ particularly heads of fish such as bonitoes and others as raw material. A fish‚ particularly the head of fish‚ contains organic nitrogen (amino acids such as lysine‚ asparagine‚ glutamine‚ sertine‚ tyrosine‚ proline and the like)‚ nucleic acid

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    Amino Acids

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    Separation of Amino Acids by Paper Chromatography Chromatography is a common technique for separating chemical substances. The prefix “chroma‚” which suggests “color‚” comes from the fact that some of the earliest applications of chromatography were to separate components of the green pigment‚ chlorophyll. You may have already used this method to separate the colored components in ink. In this experiment you will use chromatography to separate and identify amino acids‚ the building blocks of proteins

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    Electrophoresis of Amino Acids Introduction: Electrophoresis is a separation technique based on the movement of charged ions under the influence of an electrical field. This technique is primarily used for the separation of amino acids and peptides on the basis of their charge. All amino acids contain ionizable groups that cause the amino acids‚ in solution‚ to act as charged polyelectrolytes that can migrate in an electric field. The amino acids with a net positive charge will migrate toward

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    Amino acid present in the lumen of the small intestine The goal is to cross through the epithelial cell membrane to enter into the epithelial cell’s cytoplasm – its charged cuz of side chains To get through the membrane the amino acid must cross the Simple columnar epithelial cells lining the apical surface of the small intestinal tract. These cells are impermeable to any harmful bacteria that may be ingested by the body‚ but permeable to necessary ions. Absorption of amino acids occurs

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    OF AMINO ACIDS BY MEANS OF TITRATION CURVE ABSTRACT The aim of the experiment was to identify an unknown amino acid through acid-base titrations which was prepared in water to form an acidic solution. Each group prepared unknown amino acid hydrochloride. The pre-prepared basic solution was slowly added to the amino acid solution and pH change was closely observed using the pH meter. During these titrations the amino acid converted from cation to zwitterion to anion; zwitterion is an amino acid

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    Result: Part A: Table 1: Fractionation of amino acid Fraction No | Response to Ninhydrin test(level of blue colour change) | Response to Sakaguchi test (colour change) | 1 | X | yellow | 2 | Dark blue | yellow | 3 | Dark blue | Pale orange | 4 | Blue | Pale orange | 5 | Pale blue | Pale orange | 6 | Blue | Pale orange | 7 | Pale blue | Pale orange | Discussion Part A In the separation and purification of a single protein or amino acids‚ a solution containing the desired analyte

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    Amino Acids Essay 2

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    Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. They band together in chains to form the stuff from which your life is born. Think of amino acids as Legos for your life. It’s a two-step process: Amino acids get together and form peptides or polypeptides. It is from these groupings that proteins are made. And there’s not just one kind of amino acid. A total of 20 different kinds of amino acids form proteins. The kinds of amino acids determine the shape of the proteins formed. Commonly recognized

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    Protein and Amino Acid Supplementation in Sports The popularity of increasing the “performance-enhancing” supplements‚ Protein and amino acids‚ has flourished among all athletes. This increase is attributed to the belief by many of the athletes that it provides endurance‚ strength and speed enhancement. Amino Acids (AA) enhanced physical feats‚ improved energy and recovery sooner from fatigue. The three vital Amino Acids which were given a high focal point among athletes are leucine‚ isoleucine

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    By: Jayquan S Salmond Out of all the amino acids‚ 8 are classified as essential amino acids. The body finds it hard to combine them with other compounds at a normal level to assist in adequate growth. The 8 are known as phenylalanine‚ valine‚ threonine‚ tryptophan‚ isoleucine‚ methionine‚ leucine‚ and lysine. When the isoleucine‚ leucine‚ and valine are grouped they are called BCAA or branched-chain amino acids. 1/3 of the body’s skeletal muscles are made up of BCAA. Skeletal muscles are

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    for Intact proteins and protein hydrlysates (at least tripeptide‚ 2 peptide bonds Result Pink to violet blue color Ninhyrin Test 1‚2‚3-indanetrione monohydrate or triketohydintene hydrate‚ ethanol Alpha- amino group (usually a general test for amino acids) Xanthoproteic Test Conc. HNO3‚ conc. NaOH For W‚F‚Y (aromatic except for H) Blue to blue-violet Oxidative decarboxylation color & deamination followed by (proline:hydroxypr condensation oline gives a yellow

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    BEHAVIOUR OF AMINO ACIDS IN SOLUTION Abstract In this practical the acid-base behaviour of amino acids was assessed. Amino acids are amphoteric. They have the basic (amine) and the acidic (carboxylic) functional groups. These show the same type of equilibrium reactions that all weak acids and bases undergo‚ and the relative amount of each can be altered by adjusting the pH of the solution. For this practical glycine was used as a model to show this unique nature of amino acids. A series

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