"Liberalism" Essays and Research Papers

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most basic definition of liberalism is the belief in the importance of individual liberties and equal rights. Liberalism is like a living creature. It adapts and evolves to fit the needs of the society it is applied too. In the seventeenth century, John Locke came up with the generic idea of classical liberalism. Countless other thinkers such as John Stuart Mill and James Madison have expanded on his notion of classical liberalism. Today, over ten different kinds of liberalism exist. They include things...

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The Impact of Liberalism

Several scholars have come up with theories which try to guide countries on how to achieve development. One such theory is Liberalism. This essay aims to explain the theoretical assumptions of the liberal approach to development and to discuss its applicability to the development of modern day developing countries. It begins by defining the key concepts, thereafter, it will discuss the topic at hand and finally, a conclusion on the entire essay will be drawn. Todaro and Smith (2003:15), define...

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realism liberalism

To what extent, and in which aspects, are Realism and Liberalism similar and different from each other? Introduction Realism and Liberalism are the two most prevalent ideologies in practicing and analyzing International Relations in the last two centuries. They are playing important roles in the states. They will directly affect the decision making of the governments and bring effects to the peace relations among countries. Realist mainly put a focus on state, power and national security. It was...

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Liberalism and Colonialism

Liberalism and colonialism: a critique of Locke and Mill Bhikhu Parekh Liberalism is both egalitarian and inegalitarian, it stresses both the unity of mankind and the hierarchy of cultures, it is both tolerant and intolerant, peaceful and violent, pragmatic and dogmatic, skeptical and self-righteous. Bhikhu Parekh examines the writing of John Locke and John Stuart Mill, two of greatest liberal philosophers. Locke state that the Indians had cultivated and lived on their land for centuries and...

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Realism and Liberalism Compare and Contrast

Many theories demonstrate insight into the concept of war, international relations and domestic relations. Realism and liberalism provide pictures that relate and coexist, yet are opposite in theory. Realism is conservative and pessimistic. Realists plan for permanence of the current international state of affairs. Liberalism is progressive and optimistic. Liberals believe change is necessary and inevitable. Neither viewpoint gives us the right or wrong side as both contain truths depending on circumstances...

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Resistance to Liberalism

HEAD: RESISTANCE TO LIBERALISM The Justification of Resisting Liberalism Liberalism, in general, was an ideological movement that emerged out of the ideas of the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution in the early 19th century. It embraced the ideas of individualism which were established in the Renaissance and Reformation era. The Renaissance period sparked a belief in the importance of the individual in society. It helped promote the beliefs of classical liberalism which gradually...

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Political and Economic Liberalism

Political liberalism emphasizes the social contract, in which citizens make the laws and they all agree to abide by those laws. It is supported on the belief that individuals know what is best for them. Political liberalism grants political representation to all adult citizens regardless of sex, race, or financial status. It highlights the “rule of law” and favors liberal democracy. It works on the principle that individuals are the foundation of rules and civilization. Furthermore, society and...

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Multiculturalism: Liberalism and Social Advancement

However, multiculturalism adopts a novel approach to such matters, one that departs from conventional approaches to social advancement, especially as represented by republicanism and social reformism. Republicanism (associated with classical liberalism) is primarily concerned with the problem of legal and political exclusion, the denial to certain groups of rights that are enjoyed by their fellow citizens. The key idea of republicanism is the principle of universal citizenship, the belief that...

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Nationalism and Liberalism of the French Revolution

pleased with their government and status of social classes. The driving force behind the revolutions in Europe was the ideologies of nationalism and liberalism. Nationalism is the pride in one’s own national group based on culture language and history, and often led to the desire for an independent political state (notes / McKay 691). Liberalism is the ideology of equality and liberty. Liberals also sought after “equality before the law as well as individual freedoms such as freedom of the press...

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Conservatism vs. Liberalism

Conservatism vs. Liberalism Liberalism is defined as a political philosophy based on belief in progress, the essential goodness of the human race, and the autonomy of the individual and standing for the protection of political and civil liberties. It considers the government as a crucial instrument for the improvement of social inequities. Liberalism was developed from ideals such as Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal and John F. Kennedy’s New Frontier. Liberal’s believe that the government...

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