"Human Development Index" Essays and Research Papers

Human Development Index

Human development index The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an underdeveloped country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian economist Amartya...

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Human Development

Human development is very important in terms of living conditions in different countries. The statement "any society committed to improving the lives of its people must also be committed to full and equal rights for allEis true. The UN considers three factors to calculate human development in a country. These factors cover many aspects of a country, including social development in a country. Income, education, and healthy living are considered to be the most important factors in human development...

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Human Development Index

Introduction: The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic used to rank countries by level of "human development" and separate "very high human development", "high human development", "medium human development", and "low human development" countries. The Human Development Index (HDI) is a comparative measure of life expectancy, literacy, education and standards of living for countries worldwide. It is a standard means of measuring well-being, especially child welfare. It is used...

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Health and human development

Miranda Niklas Health and Human Development Notes Unit 4 2013 GLOBAL HEALTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AREA OF STUDY 1: INTRODUCING GLOBAL HEALTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT DEFINITIONS OF DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES ACCORDING TO THE WHO, INCLUDING HIGH/LOW MORTALITY STRATA Developed country: A country that has progressed adequately with regard to economic, mortality and demographic indicators Developing country: A country that has not progressed adequately with regard to economic, demographic...

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Study of Indian Human Development Index and

Study of Indian Human Development Index and Comparative Analysis of HDI of Indian States GURU PRASAD NIKKU 1226111217 Summary: Detailed analysis of HDI calculation and components involved in the calculation of HDI are presented in the report. The HDI of India at present and its development through several years is also discussed with necessary tables and graphs. India’s HDI in comparison to other countries is also presented. The...

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Human Geography Chapter 9 Development Vocab Notes

Periphery/LDCs Secondary Sector: Semi-periphery/NICs Tertiary Sector: Semi-periphery & Core/MDCs Quaternary: Core/MDCs Gender Inequality Index (GII) Includes: ~Maternal death rate & adolescent fertility ~Education attainment & parliamentary participation v. men ~Labor force participation v. men It is replacing the GEM and the GDI Sig: Gender equality assists development and reduces population pressures (expanding population) Gross Domestic Product (GDP) The value of the total output of goods and...

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Measures of Development

measures of development and the most appropriate for Zambia’s development, this paper will discuss the main measures of development for better understanding. The paper will also discuss how these measures can be useful in measuring development and also the limitations they face. Thereafter, the conclusion will be drawn according to the possible findings presented in this essay. The main measures of development discussed include Income Per Capita and the Human Development Index (HDI). Development is a dynamic...

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National Human Resource Development Strategy

National Human Resource Development Strategy Although a definition of human resource development (HRD) is controversial, it has traditionally been defined in the context of the individual, the work team, the organization, or the work process. There is, however, a rapidly emerging emphasis on HRD defined as a national agenda, often in the past labeled as manpower planning or human capital investment. Within the context of national HRD (NHRD), these terms are, however, viewed as limiting and narrow...

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Development Indicators

TITTLE: An essay on development indicators describing the following indicators that may be used to explain levels of development within countries: (a). (b). (c). Gross National Product (GNP) Child (Under- five) Mortality Rate Human Development Index (HDI) TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Defining Development Indicators 3. Gross National Product 3.1 Advantages of GNP 3.2 Disadvantages of GNP 4. Child (under - Five) Mortality 4.1 Advantages of child (under-five) Mortality 4.2 Disadvantages...

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Economic Development

[Pick the date] | Home | development | Economic development, achieved largely through productivity growth, is very important to both developed and developing nations. However, even though we know that higher productivity leads to improved economic outcomes there has been no consensus among researchers about either the desired path of development or the role of state in economic development. Concerning the path of development, Lall (2001) says that the appropriate strategy for any ...

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Meaning and Measurement of Development

MEASURING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PRIMER ON THE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX What It Measures The HDI is a composite of three basic components of human development: longevity, knowledge and standard of living. Longevity is measured by life expectancy. Knowledge is measured by a combination of adult literacy (two-thirds weight) and mean years of schooling (one-third weight). Standard of living is measured by purchasing power, based on real GDP per capita adjusted for the local cost of living...

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Noneconomic Measures of Development

Noneconomic Measures of Development - The relationship between economic and social measures of development is direct and proportional. -Conversely, the relationship between social-economic and demographic variables is usually inverse. I. Education - A literate educated labor force is essential for the effective transfer of advanced technology from the developed to developing countries. - The problem in part stems from a national poverty that denies to the educational program...

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Development of Development

Edcelyn M. 11280190 MADEPOL ‘Development’ is a concept which is contested both theoretically and politically, and is inherently both complex and ambiguous. (Sumner and Tribe, 2008) The Development of Development The issue on how to achieve development had gained a huge arena of talk on the development field but it is not alone in the limelight, even the concept of ‘development’ had gained many significant issues and changes, as well. Defining ‘development’ from the beginning is a debate...

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What Is the Development?

1)What is the development and growth ?How differ from each other? Growth is referred to the increase of per capita real gross domestic product over a period of time. Real GDP is a quantitative concept since it involves increased productive capacity in an economy, which leads to rising national output, incomes and living standards over time. Growth can occur from two main factors:  1. The increased use of resources such as land, labour, capital and entrepreneurial resources due to improvements in...

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'Economic Growth is a Necessary but not Sufficient Condition of Economic Development"

Explain this statement. Does Economic Development always lead to Improvements in Livind Standards? Economic growth and economic development are often thought to be synonymous but although the two are closely linked, there are crucial differences in their meanings. Economic growth is defined as 'a rise in the total output (goods or services) produced by a country'. It is measured by the percent rate of increase in the gross domestic product (GDP). Economic development as defined by Todaro is "not purely...

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Economic Development in New Zealand

Economic development in New Zealand ! HDI Life expectancy GDP per capita PPP Literacy rate Mean years of schooling 2010 0.907 80.40 years $25,293 99% 12.4 years 2013 0.919 80.82 years $25,689 99% 12.5 years ! The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income indices used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. From the year 2010 to 2013, New Zealand's HDI has gone...

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Discuss the effectiveness of government strategies used to promote economic growth and development for an economy other than Australia.

Discuss the effectiveness of government strategies used to promote economic growth and development for an economy other than Australia. Economic growth can be defined as the increase of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) over time, whereas economic development is a process to develop a countries infrastructure in order to improve the quality of life. In order to achieve both these objectives, governments must implement certain strategies. An instance of a country implementing this is China. China is an...

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Human development index

Human development is the process of increasing people’s choices by expanding their human capabilities, functioning and opportunities, and at the same time, raising the level of their achieved well-being in a sustainable manner. Human development therefore focuses on people and the satisfaction of their basic needs. Human Development Index The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) is regularly publishing their global Human Development Reports (HDRs) since 1990 to measure the country’s in human...

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China’s Economic Growth and Development

China’s Economic Growth and Development China is presently the world’s largest economy in relation to its population of 1.3 billion. The country is currently a socialist economy ruled by a Communist Government, with significant structural changes impacting its economy as a result of the high rate of growth over the past decades. Its economy is in the transition phase, moving from being a centrally planned economy to a system based more on the market. A socialist or market economy can be defined...

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Economic Growth and Economic Development Original

ECONOMIC GROWTH AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT In contemporary times, certain economic registers are used frequently. Arguably two of these most used terms in economics, ‘economic growth’ and ‘economic development’ are terms that just about everyone is at least remotely familiar with, even if they have not studied economics at all. Sometimes it seems everyone knows what economic growth and economic development is. Politicians use these terms all the time, and so do teachers, managers and even preachers...

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Development

DEVELOPMENT: Development is associated with change. How the world, the people, the economic, the society and technology changes. How it improves with time. Between the 1950’s and 2000’s the analyst has characterized this time as the “age of Development”. After World War most of the world international development became a formal focus in the international relations. We see Development as good to the world that will make the world better, however in the Compiling second edition of the...

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economic development

"more developed country" (MDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations. Most commonly, the criteria for evaluating the degree of economic development are gross domestic product (GDP), the per capita income, level of industrialization, amount of widespread infrastructure and general standard of living.[1] Which criteria are to be used and which countries can be classified as being developed are...

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fertility control key to development

although fertility control is not an independent variable in the development of these societies, it ensures development by limiting the quantity of natural, finance and other resources to be spent on the economically inactive. In order to talk about how ‘developed’ a country is, it is important to first outline what is a ‘developed country’. “The term developed country is used to describe countries that have a high level of development according to some criteria…one such economic criteria is income...

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Ap Human Geography Outline Chapter 9

Ap Human Geography Chapter 9 Outline Chapter 9: Development Development: Process of improving the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology. More Developed Countries (MDC): relatively developed country or simply as a relatively developed country Less Developed Countries (LDC): although many analysts prefer the term developing country or emerging country. I. Key Issues 1: Why Does Development Vary Among Countries? A. Human Development Index (HDI) Created...

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Development Strategy for Japan

Development Strategy for Japan The country of Japan has many characteristics that indicate its high ranking of development. On a 1 to 10 scale of development, with 1 being the lowest and 10 being the highest, I would give Japan a ranking of 8. Japan deserves such a high ranking because of the following four reasons; 1) Human Development Index (HDI), 2) Import/Export, 3) Industrial Sector, 4) Economic Activity. Japan has a respectably high account of progress for the overall population...

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Human Geography

Appendix II Human Development Index, 2003 HDI Rank 1.000 2.000 3.000 4.000 5.000 6.000 7.000 8.000 9.000 10.000 11.000 12.000 13.000 14.000 15.000 16.000 17.000 18.000 19.000 20.000 21.000 22.000 23.000 24.000 25.000 26.000 27.000 28.000 29.000 30.000 31.000 32.000 33.000 34.000 35.000 36.000 37.000 38.000 39.000 40.000 41.000 42.000 43.000 44.000 45.000 Country Norway Iceland Australia Luxembourg Canada Sweden Switzerland Ireland Belgium United States Japan Netherlands Finland Denmark United Kingdom...

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Human security

Human security is an emerging paradigm for understanding global vulnerabilities whose proponents challenge the traditional notion of national security by arguing that the proper referent for security should be the individual rather than the state. Human security holds that a people-centered view of security is necessary for national, regional and global stability. The concept emerged from a post-Cold War, multi-disciplinary understanding of security involving a number of research fields, including...

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Economic Development and Demography

effect on demography Demographic behaviour is a measure of a combination of figures in which indicates how a country’s or region’s population is distributed. The effect of demographic behaviour is that it reflects a country’s stage of economic development to a great extent, allowing indication of how far along the Demographic Transition Model (and hence how developed) they are. One measurement of a country’s demographics are by measuring the birth rate (how many live babies being born per thousand...

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Nigeria's 521 Languages and the Millennium Development Goals

NIGERIA'S 521 LANGUAGES AND THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS In this present time, and in the face of different ethnic tensions plaguing our nation, many Nigerians are asking themselves an important question: what is the value of our many languages? They want to know how it can put food on the table of the average Nigerian. When I posted on The Green Heritage Facebook page, last year, that Nigeria has the third highest number of languages in the world (after Indonesia and Papua New Guinea)...

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How Does Poverty Affect Worldwide Development and the Use of the Millennium Development Goals?

  How does poverty affect worldwide development and the use of the Millennium Development Goals? The Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) are a group of goals created by the U.N, set to be achieved globally by 2015. There are eight different goals ranging from Gender Equality to Environmental Sustainability. The first goal is ‘To eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger’ and more specifically, Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day. By 2005, the...

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Development and Environment: Can We Avoid the Inevitable Trade-Off?

Development and environment: can we avoid the inevitable trade-off? The either-or relationship between development and environment must be remedied before a permanent solution can be achieved By Neha Singh The nineteenth and twentieth centuries saw great advancements in technology, resulting in tremendous improvements in the living conditions of human beings. The economies of many countries in the world literally ‘took off’ and have since not looked back. Thus a technology as simple as electric...

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Assess Different Indicators Used to Measure Development

PPQ: Assess different indicators used to measure development [25] Development is a process of change that affects people's lives, which may involve an improvement in the quality of life as perceived by the people undergoing change. As development is such a wide category, it can be split into social and economic factors as well as simple and composite indicators. To start with, many economic indicators are used to measure a country's development. GDP (Gross Domestic Product), this is the total...

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Development Study

DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (POLI 211) 1. Critically assess the dependency theory’s explanation of the lack of development in less developed countries. 2. Critically discuss the different conceptions of development. Does the basic needs theory (which adheres to a broader conception of development) have what it takes to propel the LDCs to development? 1. According to the Encarta Dictionary development is the process of changing and becoming larger...

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Human Development Index

What is HDI? HDI (Human Development index) is a way of measuring development by combining indicators of life expectancy, educational attainment and income. The breakthrough for the HDI was the creation of a single statistic which was to serve as a frame of reference for both social and economic development. The HDI sets a minimum and a maximum for each dimension, called goalposts, and then shows where each country stands in relation to these goalposts, expressed as a value between 0 and 1. It is...

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Economic Development

Economic development Economic development is the development of standard of living of humans. Development in infrastructure, health, industry, education, and financial institutions are parts of economic development. Average income of a person, life expectancy at birth, literacy rate, etc. are measurements of economic development. In order to increase the standard of living infrastructure facilities should be developed. Developments in roads, irrigation systems are a part of economic development...

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The Relationship Between Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Economic Development and Sustainability

Economic Development and Sustainability Global economies of today are complex systems. These systems consist of multiple factors that, like gears in a clock, interact with each other in order to perform effectively. Through the course of this essay, I will be examining the ways in which entrepreneurship, innovation and economic development are related. The role of sustainability in this relationship will also be discussed. I believe that entrepreneurship and innovation fuel economic development and...

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Modernization and Development Theory

Discussion of modernisation and dependency theorypdf_ico This essay shall discuss two theories of development – modernisation and dependency theory (MT and DT). In this limited space, I shall narrow my analysis down to two of the staunchest representatives of each camp: Walt W. Rostow and André G. Frank. Also, because it is impossible to discuss their broad publications, I shall subject only the very core of their theories to scrutiny here. After (1) a quest for the shared assumptions of both...

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Various Dimensions of Development

MULTIPLE DIMENSIONS OF DEVELOPMENT, CASE STUDY: ASIA Development is a multidimensional concept. It has several objectives and components. Development is not simply a process of growth but also of change. Development can no longer viewed just as rising income, but should be viewed as complex process of change which is inclusive, sustainable, equal and holistic. Development has many facets, of which major few are discussed below by concentrating on developing nations and Asia in particular. We...

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PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT

UNIT 1 ASSIGNMENT: PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT SECTION 1: TIME MANAGEMENT EXPLAIN THE BENEFITS OF EFFECTIVE TIME MANAGEMENT Effective Time Management is a valuable resource. Those who learn to value it go much ahead in life. On the other hand, the people who take time for granted often end up losing much. Prioritizing well is the key to time management and proper management of time can improve the quality of your life, almost dramatically. These are some of the benefits of Effective Time Management: ...

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Comparison of Pakistan and Philippines

becomes unambiguous that the human development of the Philippines is at a much different and more advanced level than that of Pakistan. By analyzing the various U.N. indicators such as the Human Development Index (HDI), the Gender-related Development Index (GDI), the Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM), and the Human Poverty Index (HPI); the huge divergence, in terms of human development, between the Philippines and Pakistan is boldly manifested. The Human Development Index (HDI) is a U.N. indicator...

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Development Concepts

ST.PAUL’S UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SCIENCES COURSE: BCD 111: INTRODUCTION TO DEVELOPMENT CONCEPTS TASK: Discuss the Rostowian Stages of Economic Development and Critic the theory. ADM NO: BACD/NRB/2631/13 LECTURER: GERALD KWERI DATE: 10TH JUNE 2012 Rostow’s theory of economic growth is one of the most influential theories in the 20th century. It was established in the 1960’s during the cold war. His theory illustrates assisting not only the lower income earning countries...

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The Following Three Concepts Describe How the World Has Been Divided According to the Levels of Development. Discuss the Origins and Validity of These Concepts: Third World/South, North (West/First World), Development

world has been divided according to the levels of development. Discuss the origins and validity of these concepts. Table of contents 1. Introduction 2. Third world/south and North(West/first world) 3. Development 4. Referencing Introduction In this assignment the three concepts will be discussed, defined according to the levels of the development. Third world will be defined and discussed together with the first world and development. Third world is the developing countries or poor countries...

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Philippine Development Administration

Introduction National development is defined as the ability of a country or countries to improve the social welfare of the people, by providing social amenities like quality education, potable water, transportation infrastructure, medical care etc. As a guide in planning the country’s national development, The Philippine Development Plan was formulated in accordance with the Constitutional provision of Section 9, Article VII, directing the Government’s economic and planning agency to implement...

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Development of Underdevelopment

thesis was that industrialized rich nations obstruct or delay the development of poor nations by the help of policies and interventions designed to protect their global dominance over world trade and power. One of the main points the thesis layout is the concept of ‘the development of the underdevelopment'. What it is? The concept of ‘development of underdevelopment' is actually a process where several countries have made development by exploiting resources causing underdevelopment in many countries...

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Aid as a Strategy for Economic Development

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of aid as a strategy for economic development. Aid is a term used for major financial and material donations given from a donor country to a recipient country. Aid can be given directly from the donor government to the recipient government (bilateral aid), or go from donor to recipient through an international organization such as the World Bank (multilateral aid). It can also take the form of loans from banks to the recipient country, or donations managed...

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Assess The Significance Of Three Factors Which Might Limit Economic Development In The Developing Countries

which might limit economic development in the developing countries. Economic development can be defined generally as involving an improvement in economic welfare, measured using a variety of indices, such as the Human Development Index (HDI). A developing country is described as a nation with a lower standard of living, underdeveloped industrial base, and a low HDI relative to other countries. There are several factors which may have the effect of limiting economic development in such countries. Factors...

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Women Development

almost each sector. The education is the foundation of awareness and further development. When they are barred from education, there is chance of discriminations being unreported forcing women to be quiet. The women in Nepal are exploited in many aspects. Sexual abuse and girl trafficking still persists which demands adoption of immediate measures to prevent the situation from being more worsened. Most of the victims of human trafficking in Nepal are girls who end up in the brothel of Indian cities...

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Functions of Development Banks

What are the functions of Development Banks? Describe its Quantitative and Qualitative roles. Solution: Development Banks or Development Finance Institutions (DFI’s) as these are normally called in the financial world are a post World War II phenomenon. Their establishment in Africa, Asia and other developing countries in most cases coincided with the attainment of independence. Their mission being “to expedite the pace of development in accordance with the national priorities and aspirations...

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Human Development Index

What is HDI? The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic used to rank countries by level of "human development", taken as a synonym of the older terms "standard of living" and/or "quality of life", and distinguishing "very high human development", "high human development", "medium human development", and "low human development" countries. HDI was devised and launched by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq, followed by Indian economist Amartya Sen in 1990. The HDI is a comparative measure...

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Local Government and Grassroot Development

INTRODUCTION Local government areas are suppose to be the engines of national development. A quite rural community grows into a busting city, and the local leaders makes this possible. In an ideal and well developed nations of the world, when people are tired of living in the cities they retire or relocate to rural communities where life is less strenuous. However, the opposite is the case in Nigeria; living in a rural community is difficult because nothing works as it should. People are subjected...

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Foreign Aid

countries foreign aid is a great start to the development process for third world countries. However, for foreign aid to really be beneficial the money must go to factors that affect the people like health care, unemployment, and education rather than all to the government for them to spend carelessly. As long as the money going to the government is used properly and distributed throughout the nation foreign aid can be a huge factor in economic development. Through extensive research and numerical...

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Foundation of Development Management in Comparison

 Discuss the Foundation of Development Management, compare & contrast to the Theories of Modernization and Dependency. SDM 201222101028 Level 100 Ghana Christian University College DCM 1101, Introduction to Development Management Lecturer: Mr. Chris Annin Dei Date: 8th August 2013 Word Count: 1,500 Table of Content Pg. Introduction 3 Definition of terms 4 Foundation of Development Management 4/5 Modernization Theory ...

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Development Essay

Indicators of development Economic development usually refers to the adoption of new technologies, transition from agriculture-based to industry-based economy, and general improvement in living standards (www.businessdictionary.com). In addition, economic development expands the availability of work and the ability of individuals to secure an income to support themselves and their families. Economic development includes industry, sustainable agriculture, as well as integration and full participation...

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What Extent the Developing Countries Depend on the Industrial Countries for Economic Growth and Development

WHAT EXTENT THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEPEND ON THE INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT. A developing country, also called a less-developed country (LDC), is a nation with a low living standard, undeveloped industrial base, and low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries. Meanwhile, an industrial country also known as developed country or "more developed country" (MDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure...

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Can Development Be Measured by Economic Indexes Alone ? (Detailed Plan)

OIB UK History / Geography Can development be measured by economic indexes alone ? (detailed plan) In order to answer the question, we first need to define what we mean by development: -Economic sense of the word (GDP, GNP, economic growth, etc…) -Quality of life (enough food, hospitals, education) -Politics, Religion, Human Rights (this is seen from a European/American point of view, seen from other countries, this may not come into account) -Ecological Sustainability Basing ourselves...

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Chalenges of leadership: Focus on African Development Context

What is Development? According to the World Bank, development of a country is relative depending on the perspective from which an individual looks at it from. For instance a country can develop in terms of economic growth hence increasing a nations wealth. This could in turn be used to improve the social well being of the citizens. The downside to this kind of development is that it pays attention to creation of wealth with a total disregard on the consequences that the activities leading to the...

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World Poverty and Development

------------------------------------------------- ECON 337: World Poverty and Economic Development TTH 10:30 pm – 11:45 pm, NH 198 Contacts Instructor: Adel Abadeer NH-178 526-6199 aabadeer@calvin.edu Office Hours: Monday & Wednesday 1:30 – 3:00 pm Thursday 3:00 - 4:30 pm Dept Coordinator: Susan Camp NH-167 Library contact: Linda McFadden lmm8@calvin.edu Room 302, 3rd floor, Hekman Library Introduction Econ 337, World Poverty and Economic Development, is an intermediate level course in Economics. It equips...

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Brandt Line Assessment Final

this reason, the new self-made Brandt line will show the current situation of the northern and southern art of the world by using updated data. One of the indicators that I decided to use is the HDI (human development index), which provides a complex measure of three dimensions of human development: a healthy life and longevity which is measured by life expectancy, being educated; measured by adult literacy and enrolment at the primary, secondary and tertiary level and having a decent standard; measured...

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201 Software Development And Apllicati

with the advancement in software development not all uses of paper have been minimized. Especially in schools and organizations, use of paper is very high. Schools use printed books and assignments while organizations keep printed files for filing. Getting rid of paper is impossible because majority of people use it to store important information for filing purposes. Third world countries have high use of paper due to technological challenges in software development and application. Information Technology...

Free Application software, Computer software, Country classifications 1038  Words | 6  Pages

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Human Resources Assignment

 Human Resources Assignment Content 1. Brief Introduction .....................................................................................................1 1-1 Total Quality Management ( TQM )....................................................................1 1-2 International Expansion.......................................................................................1 2. Advantages of Each Strategy...................................................................

Free Cyprus, Developed country, Developing country 1115  Words | 6  Pages

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