"Federation" Essays and Research Papers

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Federation

no.1, 2001, pp.109-112 The Russian Federation featured high on Western policy-makers' agenda, as turbulent financial and economic events followed the demise of Communism. With the recent financial 'meltdown' of 1998 overcome, should one expect the Federation's imminent collapse, or indulge in optimism at its survival to this date? There appears to be reason for both. Writing in 1999, Graeme P. Herd predicts imminent disintegration of the Russian Federation. Russia's economy and politics were...

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The Federation of Australia

The Federation Of Australia There are many reasons for and against the federation of Australia. These reasons will be conveyed in this essay. Before the federation Australia consisted of six colonies of Britain. Before 1872 the British colonies had nothing to do with each other, although a telegraph linked the colonies and the idea of being “Australian”. By the 1890’s songs and poems were being written to celebrated a nation and the idea of becoming a federation was becoming much more popular...

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Reasons for Australian Federation

reasons for Federation. What was the main reason? Federation happened in 1901 when the six separate Australian colonies came together to form what is now the Commonwealth of Australia. It occurred for many reasons including: to unite the defence of Australia; to make uniform bank laws; taxes and tariffs resulting in better trade and communication between states; and to put the "White Australia Policy" into practise. Federation came about with the aid of many political leaders, federation lobby groups...

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History of Federation of Malaya

Introduction The Federation of Malaya (Malay: Persekutuan Tanah Melayu) is the name given to a federation of 11 states (nine Malay states and two of the British Straits Settlements, Penang and Malacca) that existed from 1 February 1948 until 16 September 1963. The Federation became independent on 31 August 1957. It was reconstituted as Malaysia with the addition in 1963 of Singapore, Sabah, and Sarawak. History After World War 2, the British came again to Malaya and Britain suggested the...

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Reason for and Against the Federation of Australia

To the Editor of the Bulletin, I am writing to draw your attention to the urgent matter of Federation and its unquestionably destructive effect on our people, our nation and our lives. Federation is another scam of an idea aimed to undermine, smaller colonies, like mine Tasmania. By enforcing this notion iscolated colonies like South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania will be overpowered and forced to follow the rules of New South Wales and Victoria which is basically unacceptable. These...

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Federalism in Malaysia

MALAYSIA By: Iffa Syafiqa Introduction The existence of federalism in Malaysian history dates back in 1895 during the establishment of the Federated Malay States which are the ‘Protected States’ of Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang and Perak. Federation of Malaya then came later in 1948 with the unification of the nine Malay states and Settlements of Penang and Malacca by the British. Federal principle was described by K.C. Wheare as "the method of dividing powers so that the general and regional...

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Federalism

1. The main reason for federation? • DEFENSE: a central body was needed for the defence of Australia • IMMIGRATION: laws were needed to regulate entry of migrants in Australia • INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES: industrial disputes had begun to spread across colonies to colonies • UNIFORM LAWS: as the population grew, it was necessary to have uniform laws on issues such as banking, currency, marriage and divorce, that would be administratively more convenient and provide equal treatment for all Australians ...

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Political Stability

a problem of dysfunction of federal system. The federal crisis occurs when the pressure of regional demands goes to an extreme and don't get satisfactory response from the state, and it cause separation from the federation. East Pakistan break-up was also due to this reason. A federation cannot exist or survive without a spirit of partnership and co-operation between the provinces and centre. The problem of identity and legitimacy crisis is closely related to each other. The sense of identity may...

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revenue allocation

"134. (1) there shall be paid by the federation to each region a sum equal to fifty per cent of - (a) The proceeds of any royalty received by the federation in respect of any minerals extracted in that region; and (b) Any mining rents derived by the federation during that year from within that region. (2) The federation shall credit to the distributable pool account a sum equal to thirty per cent of - (a) The proceeds of any royalty received by the federation in respect of minerals extracted in...

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