"Dionysus" Essays and Research Papers


The chosen art piece, from Roman origin, is titled “Dionysus” and portrayed Dionysus, the god of wine, with his follower Pan. This artwork is a great example of Greek art’s influence in Roman artwork. The main elements of Greek’s naturalistic art, specifically of High Classical period, are rendered beautifully in this piece combined with distinctive elements from verism, unique to Roman art. So, the idealism of Greek art and the individualism of Roman art come together to create an art piece that...

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Mythology Report- Dionysus Research Paper

Imran Kanji Ms. Heenan ENG 2D1 25 September 2012 Dionysus Introduction Dionysus is an important figure of Greek mythology. He is the Olympian god of wine, vegetation, festivity and pleasure. He represents humanity’s longing for pleasure and desire to celebrate. Dionysus is also the god of hallucination, theatre, reincarnation and homosexuality. He is called: “the youthful, beautiful, but effeminate god of wine. He is also called both by Greeks and Romans Bacchus (Bakchos), that is, the...

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Dionysus’s Effect on Women in Bacchae in the Ancient Athenian Society

swollen with milk". (737) This is something almost impossible for a woman to do but the power of women had been extremely magnified after intoxicated by Dionysus, their mind and soul had been taken away. Traditionally regarded as inferior to men in ancient times, the women in Bacchae have been strongly magnified through the intoxication of Dionysus. In the ancient time of Greek, the class of women were viewed as inferior to most of the men, none of them were given political powers, which is unfair...

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Analysis of the Bacchae

acceptance, as it looks at the conflict between the man-king Pentheus and the man-god Dionysus. Dionysus indicates from the outset that he has ultimate control over Pentheus’ destiny, announcing his plan to “prove to (Pentheus) and every man in Thebes that I am god indeed.” Pentheus refuses to accept the power of Dionysus and his new religion, and is duly punished for it, falling victim to Dionysus’ plan. Dionysus makes clear the stupidity and futility of Pentheus’ plight as he says: “a man, a man...

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Greak Gods

JANUS - the god of good beginnings In this paragraph i will tell you the similarities and differences that Demeter and Dionysus had. Some of the similarities that they have is that they are friendly to humans. Allthough, Demeter made the humans suffer when she didn't know where her daughter was she was still considered a friend to the humans. Both Demeter and Dionysus are god/goddess of everyday acts in a human life. They are both worshiped together. Both are divinities of the good gift of earth...

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The Bacchae

Pentheus' blatant disregard to all warnings and incidents, which prove that Dionysus is truly a god, lead him to his own death. In the end, his mistakes are unforgiving and his punishment is just. Throughout the play, the audience cannot help but feel merciless towards Pentheus. In his opening scene, Pentheus does not heed the warnings bestowed upon him by Teiresias and Cadmus. Before Pentheus even meets Dionysus, Teiresias offers him wise advice: 'So, Pentheus listen to me. Do not mistake...

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Maddness and sanity are seen to be universally known opposites. They are as different as two things can get. They are generally seen to be balancing forces such as light vs. Dark, yin vs. Yang, and so on. In the Baccae, Pentheus represents sanity, while Dionysus represents maddness. However, Euriprides portrays the struggle between maddness and sanity as one sided, rather than an even battle. Through out The Baccae, Euriprides hints at maddness being the ultimately dominant force in the battle between the...

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Oedipus Webquest

INTRODUCTION You are patrons at the Festival for Dionysus and will be witnessing the first public performance  of Oedipus Rex. Your task is to record your findings on the festival itself, the components of  Greek theater, and how Oedipus Rex fit well into the classic definition of tragedy. TASK You will have three tasks to complete during this webquest: 1. The Festival of Dionysus ‐ You will travel to the below links and find information on the Festival of Dionysus. Take  notes on your findings and specifically find the answers to these questions:...

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The Bacchae

fun because it's hard.” In other words, just like people, character’s expressed in stories should be portrayed as inconsistent to make them be more human and realistic instead of just one-dimensional. In the play The Bacchae, by Euripides, the Dionysus is displayed as absurd in order for the audience to be provoked in a way to question what constitutes justice, forcing them to ask themselves whether notions of justice in this world are illogical. By presenting cases where justice is claimed...

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The Bacchae + the human psyche

exploration of the complexities of the human psyche. Set in ancient Greek times, the playwright strips away the layers that humans often embellish themselves with, in order to examine the true nature of a human being. Through the personalities of Dionysus and Pentheus, in particular, Euripides asserts that human nature is complex, as it is comprised of two contradictory forces- rationality and irrationality. He acknowledges that while order and logic are crucial in a functioning society, they can...

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Greek Theater

and fertility, Dionysus. The cult held religious celebrations which included large consumptions of alcohol, animal sacrifices, and sometimes massive orgies. Theater was thought as a ritual to release powerful emotions and create pure ecstasy. The cult spread south into Greece and by 500 BC annual festivals in honor of Dionysus were held every spring. A main part of Dionysus' rites was the dithyramb. It means a "choric hymn" and it was completely religious describing Dionysus' adventures. The...

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Gods vs. Mortals in Oedipus Rex & the Bacchae

wrath. He proves time and time again that he is more powerful than any mortal who tries to compete with him. Though Zeus is the mightiest, there are stories about many other gods demonstrating their power over mortals. Two such gods are Apollo and Dionysus. In the stories "Oedipus Rex" and "The Bacchae", these gods conflict with men that are not just average mortals, but respected kings. Although the political position of these kings makes them feel superior to all, the gods in the two stories show...

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Celi Lebron Prof. William Behnken ART 1000 November 29, 2009 Sarcophagus with the Triumph of Dionysus and the Seasons A sarcophagus is a container or coffin that is used to bury dead human bodies. The most commonly used materials in the production of sarcophagi are marble (the finest and most expensive), stone, lead and wood. During the second century A.D, Roman funerary practices or traditions changed from the cremation of the bodies to the burial of the bodies.1 Originally, the Etruscans and the...

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Tragedy in Theatre

his unfortunate and untimely death. With this knowledge when comparing the tragic heroes in both plays it is clear that Hamlet fits the criteria for a tragic hero more than Dionysus. The first criteria for a tragic hero is that he is a good man who is highly respected among his community, Hamlet was the king’s son, while Dionysus was not even considered a God in Thebes and the townspeople were forbidden to worship him. Although Hamlet seeks revenge against his uncle, he is not impulsive with his actions...

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Death of Pentheus in Bacchae

The death of Pentheus in The Bacchae is significant as it portrays Aristotle's definition of Greek tragedy. Dionysus came to Thebes to show them that he is god and to show his powers. He also wants to pay back to those people who spread rumors about his mother. Pentheus doubted Dionysus and argued with him. He also had him chained, which made Dionysus more angry. It did not bother Dionysus to kill Pentheus even though he was his cousin because does not care much about his relatives. He thought that...

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Mythology of Today

represented as Jesus, the later added Olympian wine god Dionysus shares some resemblance. Dionysus and Jesus are both the ones who game mankind the gift of wine and encourage a blissful lifestyle. The also both share the archetype of rebirth after death. Dionysus traveled to the underworld to search for his mother whom he never met and didn’t know anything about. He wanted to bring her to Olympus since he was now considered a Olympian god. Dionysus went to the underworld to save a person he didn’t know...

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The Ancient Greek Time Period

time period. Ancient Greek theater began between 550 and 220 BC. The plays or productions focused on the Greek God Dionysus. Dionysus was the God of wine, agriculture, and sexuality. Thespis was a person who told stories through songs to Dionysus. Thespis did two major things that transformed Greek theater, make actors instead of just storytellers and translated the hymns into Dionysus to story telling songs which people acted out. The theater began with no actors or in a dithyrambous. The poet Thespis...

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The Villa of the Mysteries: Stylistic and Religious Influence of Hellenistic Civilization

Title: Villa of the Mysteries: The stylistic and religious influence of Hellenistic Civilization Date of Submission: 31/10/12 Word Count: 1262 Artist: Unknown Title: Scenes of Initiation of a Woman into the Mysteries of Dionysus Type of work: Fresco Date: circa 50 B.C. Dimensions: 15 by 25 feet Patron: Unknown Original Location: Pompeii, Villa dei misteri Present Location: In situ The Villa...

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Rational Conscious vs Irrational Unconscious

Nietzsche uses the mythology of Apollo and Dionysus to redefine art in “The Birth of Tragedy”. Apollo and Dionysus are sons of Zeus. Apollo is the God of the Sun, which represents rationality and reason. Dionysus is the God of wine which represents drunkenness and ecstasy. Both are the oppositions of each other. Nietzsche definition of aesthetics is conducted on new terms, and tries to structure the art and its process through imposing views of Apollo and Dionysus. This dichotomy of Apollonian and Dionysian...

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Balance in Euripides' 'the Bacchae'

speech, page 193 to 196 Passage two: Dionysus and Pentheus’ exchange, 206 to 209 Passage three: Dionysus’ final speech, 241 to 242 Euripides’ The Bacchae explores the polarities of logic and impulse that are both inherent in human nature within a world fatally lacking in balance. In evoking the very extremes of both rigorous rationale and primal instinct, the folly of a linear worldview is tragically rendered. In the Chorus’ emphatic exaltation of Dionysus and utter devotion to Bacchic worship...

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Euripides in Ancient Greece

in the play are forced to think and act how the Greek god Dionysus chooses for them to think and act. Euripides displays religion in the Greek tragedy of The Bacchae through both the bacchant women and the violence that they create while hypnotized under the rule of Dionysus. (Bloom 25) One of the major themes in The Bacchae is the women, or bacchants, or maenads, as Euripides likes to call them. When the play opens, the great god Dionysus drugs the women of Thebes and draws them to the mountain...

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Greek Gods

who later represented the Greek Cronus, Zeus’s father. Aside from the twelve Olympians, there are two equally important gods who reside on earth: Demeter and Dionysus (Bacchus). These two are the best friends of humanity: Demeter, goddess of the harvest and nature, provides fruitful plenty and protects the threshing-floor, while Dionysus, god of wine and revelry, rules the grapevine and so the production of wine. Demeter is celebrated in a festival every fifth September; her prime temple is at Eleusis...

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Lasting Influences of the Classical World

understanding of the serious messages, the links between the three texts are shown and analyzed. Gods and goddesses were superior in the time of Aristophanes. This is very surprising in Aristophanes’ Frogs due to the fact that Aristophanes shows Dionysus, the god of wine and fertility, as a confused coward who has lost his identity. It showed a lack of respect for the gods however, since comic plays were like religious ceremonies, anything against the gods were deemed to be a good humoured joke....

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Drama, Theatrics, and Humanization of Gods in Ancient Greek Culture

the many myths and stories behind Greek art.3 Exekias’ black figure paintings of Gods on pottery showed a great deal of power, symbolism, and drama. Narrative storylines can be seen in his paintings of Achilles and Ajax Playing a Board Game, and Dionysus on a boat. However, the symbolic power of the two is displayed in much different ways. Exekias’ painting of Achilles and Ajax shows a scene of rest in between fighting the Trojan War. In this scene, they are sitting down, playing a board game...

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The Art of Ancient Greek Theatre

inspired artists to recreate what was seen on stage on more permanent media, thus enriching the lives of future generations. It is believed that theater began as a religious experience in order to honor the gods. Drama developed out of choral dances for Dionysus, the Greek god of wine, fertility and revelry, in Athens in the mid-sixth century BCE, inaugurating the earliest vase-paintings of ancient Greek performance (Hart 1). In 534 BCE the first tragedy took place with comedy following suit around fifty...

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Mythology vs Natural World: How mythology helped to explain aspects of the natural world to the ancient Greeks

aspect of the natural world that the Greeks used mythology to explain is season. Spring, summer, and winter are the three seasons in Greece. Its origins are told in several Greek myths, including the story of Demeter and her daughter Persephone, Dionysus and his vines, and the Horae. The abduction of Persephone, Demeter the Goddess of the Harvest's daughter, is a well known myth in which Persephone was kidnapped by Hades, the Ruler of the Underworld. Demeter can have her daughter with her for only...

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Jupiter and Semele

the only mortal to be a parent of a god. She is bent known as the mother of Dionysus, god of wine. Hera was Zeus's wife and sister, when she learned of who was responsible for this birth she killed Semele. Because of his mother dying while he was in the womb. Dionysus was ripped from the womb of his deceased mother, and then implanted in Zeus/Jupiter's thigh from which he was later reborn. The story ends with Dionysus making his way to the Underworld to save his mother whom he had never seen,...

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As You Like It and the Bacchae: Exploration of Gender Roles

the men used cross dressing to portray woman. On the contrary Shakespeare used the women to represent men in As You Like It. Gender defines your social status which keeps order within a place. Euripides suggests men are the best at manipulation. Dionysus portrayed himself as a woman to manipulate the people of Thebes. He manipulates the women into rebelling against their social roles. “every female in this city, I've started on a wild stampede from home” (Euripides, The Bacchae, 1) Greek women were...

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Art Work Analysis

the vase was used regularly because the inside is painted black, which makes it look more aesthetically pleasing and it also increased the life of the vase. On the vase we see four satyrs carrying one woman each. Satyrs can be related back to Dionysus, the god of wine, masks, theatre and altered states of consciousness. Two of the four women and a satyr appear to be painted depicting turning to look behind them; this shows the vase was made between the middle of the 6th century to the early 5th...

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Ancient Greece to Ancient Rome - the Comparison

of the Gods in the Greek Pantheon were adopted by the Romans though their names were changed. For example, the god of the seas was Poseidon in Greece but Neptune in Rome, while the Greek god of wine, Dionysus was known as Bacchus in Rome. Comedy and tragedy began in religious festivals honoring Dionysus (_Western Civilizations Beyond Boundaries_, p. 86), while Bacchus was celebrated in similar festivals in Rome. The Romans even went a step further by sponsoring numerous priestly committees, or colleges...

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Money Is Not Honey

school teacher and a friend of the god Dionysus. 'What are you doing here?' King Midas asked. 'I'm lost,' Silenus said. 'I'm growing old and sometimes I forget where I am.' For the first time that day, King Midas smiled. Silenus had always been muddle-headed, he remembered. Instead of sending him away, Midas ordered his servants to prepare a feast for him. When the two men finished their meal, the king called for a carriage and sent Silenus back to Dionysus. The god was so pleased that Midas...

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The Punishment of Female Rebellion in 'the Bacchae' and 'Macbeth'

Agave's relationship with her son ultimately ends horrifically with her "in a Bacchic frenzy,... ripping off chunks of Pentheus's flesh," tragically killing her child (1394-1400). It is also noted that she does so with Dionysus "[putting] power into those hands of hers" (1397). Since Dionysus is the representation of the breaking of the traditional, it can be inferred that it was that that causes the tragic end to Agave's relationship with her son. It can be argued that, the "power" being put into her...

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Examine Nietzsche‟S Statement in the Birth of Tragedy That It Is Only as an „Aesthetic Phenomenon‟ That Existence Can Be „Justified‟ to Eternity.

and giving way to a higher delight. Nietzsche describes this battle between the innocent and experienced lenses as a trend not only in the life of the individual but also in culture and its cultivation. The cryptic relationship between Apollo and Dionysus parallels the trend in most cultures to become more like Apollo, and forget their wilder innate counterpart whose characteristics are often mistaken for hedonism. Eruptions of the Dionysian culture are evident in the Romantic period and during the...

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Wit: Zorba the Greek

originated from Dionysus, the Greek god of wine. Dionysian nature is prominently associated with music and dance, and giving emotions free reign. These two philosophies are closely associated since both find great merit in happiness and are found to have been controversial. One reason for this is our tendency to discard pleasure as a moral good; we usually consider humility, wisdom, justice, and other virtues to be ethical. However, following the doctrines of Epicurus and Dionysus, behavior in pursuit...

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Death In Venice

Brother Williams English 251 Transformation from Apollonian to Dionysian Writers often bring mythology into their writing to give the storyline and characters more depth and complexity. In Death in Venice by Thomas Mann, Mann uses the gods Apollo and Dionysus and the struggle between opposites to demonstrate the ultimate downfall of the novella’s main character, Aschenbach. Often times, a writer creates a character as a representation of the Apollonian character and another separate character representing...

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satire- short comic skits done as popular entertainment, variations of themes, goatmen playing songs, structured like a bugs bunny cartoon, seduction songs ( forbidden fruit), satrys always get what they want, mood pieces ( gets people in the "mood") Dionysus- story in spring, athens is greatest city at the time, god to celebrate, god of wine and feasting- the party god, is part human, the god most like us, he is constantly at war with himself, circular, father zeus + mother nymph, comic split- pulled...

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Ancient Greek Religion

Poseidon, Ares, Hermes, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Athena, Apollo, and Artemis. These twelve gods were always considered Olympians in Greek religion. There was also four other variable gods among the twelve Olympians by the names of Hestia, Demeter, Dionysus, and Hades.[1] Zeus headed all the gods as the supreme ruler and king. He was the god of the sky and thunder in Greek mythology. Zeus was also known to of had many love affairs with many other goddesses, and even some mortal women. Zeus’s...

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Ancient History, Pompeii and Herc

Part one: A. They worshipped them at regular hours in the many shrines and temples of the city, but they also devoted a time to them in the intimacy of their own homes. Hercules, Bacchus and Venus, based on the Greek gods Heracles, Dionysus and Aphrodite, were often found in the lararium, the shrine at which the head of the household would worship his ancestors, along with members of his family and his slaves. The lararia tend to feature paintings of Hercules, the legendary founder of Pompeii...

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Greek Mythology

he swallowed her just before Athena emerged from his head. Zeus married his sister Hera after Metis’s death.  © Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved.  Zeus had numerous children by both mortal and immortal women. By the mortal Semele he had  Dionysus, a god associated with wine and with other forms of intoxication and ecstasy. By Leto, a  Titan, Zeus fathered the twins Apollo and Artemis, who became two of the most important Olympian  divinities. Artemis remained a virgin and took hunting as her special province...

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Hephaestus, the Master Craftsman

Luckily for Hera, Dionysus decided he would give it a try. He gathered an excessive amount of wine and traveled to the cave. He made no sign that he was trying to take Hephaestus to Olympus. Instead he gave Hephaestus the alcohol and soon had him so drunk that Hephaestus couldn’t even walk. Dionysus then called upon his satyrs and donkey to escort Hephaestus back to Olympus in a grand parade of flute-playing and cymbal-smashing satyrs. Once they arrived at Olympus, Dionysus declared, on behalf...

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Gods of Management

Greek gods to symbolize these management cultures or philosophies. There are four types of management cultures or philosophies present within all organizations. The four cultures are the club (Zeus), role (Apollo), task (Athena), and existential (Dionysus) cultures. The first culture Handy discusses is the club or Zeus culture. He uses a spider web to represent the club culture. “[T]he lines radiating out from the centre” represent “divisions of work based on functions or products” (Handy p14)...

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Roman vs Greek Mythology

Olympus. They are Zeus ruler of the heavens and universe, Hera queen of the gods, Aphrodite goddess of love, Apollo god of the sun, Artemis goddess of the moon and hunt, Athena goddess of wisdom, Ares god of war, Demeter goddess of the harvest, Dionysus god of wine, Hephaestus god of the forge, Hermes messenger of the gods, Hestia goddess of the home, and Poseidon god of the seas( D‘Aulaire 1-17). In Roman mythology they are not really concerned with how the world was created. Instead their...

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Euripides and Bacchus

admiration, it is because of rationality and opportunity. Tiresias claims to Pentheus that, "this god whom you ridicule shall someday have / enormous power and prestige throughout Hellas" (The Bacchae 274-275), and Cadmus to Pentheus that "even if this Dionysus is no god, / as you assert, persuade yourself that he is. / The fiction is a noble one, for Semele will seem / to be the mother of a god, and this confers / no small distinction on our family" (The Bacchae 333-337). Neither Tiresias nor Cadmus engages...

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Piety: Pan and the Nymphs

a maiden holding a basket, which archaeologists believe they may have been used as an offering of the first fruit, much like in the processions dedicated to Dionysus. The fact alone that Historians believe the maidens were offering a first fruit to Pan conveys the same amount of reverence and piety the Greeks held for both Pan and Dionysus. Historians can also tell that this vase was originally painted and overlaid with a golden glaze (Baker A Vase from Vari p. 209). The glaze and the depictions...

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Comparison of the Sumerian Gods and the Greek Pantheon

Sumerians was the goddess Ereshkigal whom was more reminiscent of Persephone than Hades. Another inequality was the Sumerian god Enki. Enki had many features that could translate him into any of the Greek gods Hephaestus, Prometheus, Poseidon, or Dionysus. Besides these slight differences though, the biggest contrast between the Sumerian gods and the Greek gods is the lack of knowledge about the Sumerian gods. In conclusion, what is amazing is that these two cultures that existed in completely different...

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Gods and Goddesses of Greek Mythology

than on Mount Olympus. The two most important minor Gods were Demeter and Dionysus. Demeter was originally the Goddess of Corn, though she grew to represent the Goddess of all harvests. She was the one who brought summer and spring to the earth, and who brought every fall and winter when sorrowed for her daughter. She was very important to Greek culture had many mortal like qualities, such as grief and sadness. Dionysus was the God of Wine and drunken revelry. He had a strong dual personality...

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Greek Gods and Goddesses

wearing a veil which covers the back of her head. Sometimes she is crowned with ears of corn or a ribbon, and holds in her hand either a sceptre, ears of corn, or a torch." (Guirand 174)</blockquote> <br> <br>The other Supreme Deity on Earth was Dionysus, called Bacchus in Roman mythology. He was the only god whose parents were not both divines with Zeus and the Theban Princess Semele as his parents. He was the God of Wine and the God of Vine and Thebes was his city. (Hamilton 64-65) <br> <br><blockquote>"He...

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Ancient Greek and Mesopotamian Religions - a Comparison

(Garber, 204). Greece also had multiple gods, but not to the extremes of Mesopotamia. There were twelve gods in the Greek pantheon called Olympian gods. Outside this group there were also two other important gods, Hades, god of the underworld and Dionysus, the god of wine. All of these gods were anthropomorphic, meaning they possess both good and bad human characteristics. They had most of the same needs that we have and this is why there were often offerings of food left for a god or goddess. While...

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Sigumand Freud and Nietzsche: Personalities and the Mind

effects on both literary theory and philosophy. In this book he introduced his famous distinction between the Apollonian, or rational, element in human nature and the Dionysian, or passionate, element, as exemplified in the Greek gods Apollo and Dionysus. When the two principles are blended, either in art or in life, humanity achieves a momentary harmony with the Primordial Mystery. This work, like his later ones, shows the strong influence of the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, as well as...

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Nietzsche Birth of a Tragedy

greatest works of tragic art and music. Nietzsche believes that society needs to develop a new art form that recognizes the balance between the apollonian and Dionysian influence to reaffirm human existence. Nietzsche uses the Greek Gods, Apollo and Dionysus to represent opposite sides of the artistic spectrum. The Apollonian side represents the side of reason, wisdom, order and sober thought. While the Dionysian side of the spectrum is more spontaneous, creative and intuitive. Nietzsche sees these distinct...

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Dionysus and Pan

DionysusDionysus’ is a beautiful sculpture of Dionysus, the Greek God of Wines and Fertility, and Pan, the God of the Wilderness. The sculpture originated from the Roman Empire around 50-150 A.D. Even though a Roman artist created the sculpture, it holds a significant influence of the Greek art technique. The Romans got most, if not all of their creative ideas for art from the cultures they defeated. This magnificent artwork incorporates the elements of the Greeks naturalistic style, along with...

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Red Figure Amphora with Musical Scene

most likely contains rolls of sheet music. This scene brings to mind the leisured and relatively educated world of affluent Athenian women. On the other side of the vase, are three women dressed in the attire of maenads, the female followers of Dionysus preparing for their ritual roles in his cult. They’re all holding pine branches while the woman in the middle is also holding a torch; these may be the same women on the front though there is not a sufficient amount of evidence to confirm this. ...

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The fate of Oedipus and Pentheus

and take revenge against himself whereas in the case of Pentheus, his foolish and grumpy attitude leads him to perform actions in temptation which results in unknowingly punishing himself with death by the hands of his own mother and thus helps Dionysus to take revenge against him and his family. Speaking about Oedipus, he was the king of Thebes and an excellent ruler of his times. He believed in being fair to his citizens and was a loving and merciful king. As the entire city of Thebes is attacked...

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Theseus Research Paper

besides, Naxos was beautiful at that time of year. But unfortunately for Theseus, things started to go downhill from there. Ariadne wandered off on the island and was spied by the God of Wine, Dionysus, who fancied her and came to her, offering his magical wine to make her forget her lover and her destination. Dionysus carried Ariadne away to Lemnos, and there they had four sons (“Ariadne”). it is also said that Ariadne left with the athenians: The Athenians then set sail back to Athens with Ariadne...

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The Acropolis: Religion to Cultural Norm

alliance, it contained magnificence, architectural genius, and glory in its culture as well (PBS.org, “447 BC The Acropolis Rebuilt”). He not only put money towards building, but put it towards comedic and dramatic plays performed in the Theatre of Dionysus. Through the Acropolis, Pericles wanted to make their city great. As previously stated, Athenians primarily worshipped their matron deity, Athena, as well as many other gods. Though their worship became less about the gods and more about their...

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GREEK name

(whose shell he used to invent the lyre). Son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. The second-youngest Olympian, just older than Dionysus. Hestia Vesta Goddess of the hearth and of the right ordering of domesticity and the family; she was born into the first Olympian generation and was one of the original twelve Olympians. Some lists of the Twelve Olympians omit her in favor of Dionysus, but the speculation that she gave her throne to him in order to keep the peace seems to be modern invention. She is the...

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Nietzsche - Dionysian and Apollonian

plastic (visual) arts, beauty, clarity, stint to formed boundaries, individuality, celebration of appearance/illusion, human beings as artists (or media of art's manifestation), self-control, perfection, exhaustion of possibilities, creation. Dionysus (Dionysian): chaos, intoxication, celebration of nature, instinctual, intuitive, pertaining to the sensation of pleasure or pain, individuality dissolved and hence destroyed, wholeness of existence, orgiastic passion, dissolution of all boundaries...

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Visual Art in Greek Mythology

the sense that she may be thinking all these things, while her fiancé is sailing off without her and she has no idea. But because she is portrayed in such a desirable way, it almost hints that there will be someone else. As one story goes, the god Dionysus finds her on Naxos and makes her his wife. There is a burst of light where Theseus is sailing away, representing a love that leaves her. But there is another burst of light coming from the opposite direction, hidden in the left, illuminating her...

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Pentheus and Dionysus

Pentheus and Dionysus different? In what ways are they similar? Pentheous and Dionysus are first cousins who remain different because one is a god and the other mortal. Pentheous is the headstrong mortal king of Thebes who uses strength and power and acts as a moral opposite the Dionysus who otherwise uses his ability to offer pleasure to his loyal followers. Both figures are spiteful and believe in revenge as a means to punish those who choose not to follow. 2. Why does Pentheus see Dionysus as a...

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Oedipus Notes/Study Guide Part 1

Far-shooting Apollo: a stock epithet for the god. War-god: Ares, son of Zeus and Hera. God of plagues and pestilence and war. Thracian coasts: Thrace was a favorite hangout of Ares, located in northeastern Greece, east of present-day Macedonia. Dionysus: son of Zeus and Semele (Daughter of Cadmus). Associated with fertility and the abundance of nature and was often accompanied by wildly dancing and celebrating women. Agenor: Legendary king of Phoenicia, and the father of Cadmus, who was the source...

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