"Ancient Greece" Essays and Research Papers

Ancient Greece

Alcestis In ancient Greece there were separate gender roles. Women were expected to act a certain way. They had many limitations in their life. How they were supposed to act was regulated by Greek men. Euripides creates a tragedy that has a positive tone through its main character Alcestis. Alcestis is shown as a perfect submissive wife capable of making tremendous personal sacrifices. She is seen as a positive force, more so than real Greek women were. Euripides was a play writer in ancient Greece. He...

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Ancient Greece Essay

 Ancient Greece Essay Athens and Sparta were two Greek city-states that shared a bitter rivalry. Geographically they are very close to each other, near the southern part of Greece, yet they were very different in their life styles, government, education etc. Regardless, both Athens and Sparta hold great historic value for the world and Greece. In this time period of Classical Greece, Sparta protected the country with it’s outstanding army while Athens stood as a symbol for art, freedom, and democracy...

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Antigone - Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece is arguably the birthplace of democracy, a society built on principles of equal rights and privileges. Ironically equality did not exist in this democracy because women could not vote. Woman had no say in government because they were not considered citizens. Women were treated as inferior to men, subjected to stay at home, marry and bear sons. This was a much maculated society. Sophocles lived from 497-406 B.C.E in Ancient Greece during this form of democracy. His plays reflect the...

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A Woman's Role in Ancient Greece

Running head: A WOMAN'S ROLE IN ANCIENT GREECE: 1000-500 BC A Woman's Role in Ancient Greece: 1000-500 BC A Woman's Role in Ancient Greece Most people can relate the city of Athens to freedom and democracy, as well as relate the city of Sparta to a highly restricted military dictatorship. This is because school has taught us that modern democracies are modeled after Athens, while military dictatorships are modeled after Sparta. However, history shows us that women had much more liberty...

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Euripides in Ancient Greece

Ancient Greek times enveloped many revolutionary discoveries and creations, especially in the world of literature. Literature flourished in Greece with the help of poetry and drama. Three profound playwrights left a significant impact on Greek culture: Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. Out of the three most influential playwrights of ancient Greek times, Euripides turned out to be the most distinct. Euripides was born in 480 BCE on the island of Salamis. He lived during the time of the Peloponnesian...

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The Parthenon - Ancient Greece

PARTHENON BUILDING The Parthenon is one of the many buildings on the Acropolis of Athens which symbolized the Athenians’ wealth and power. The original building on the site was built as an offering to honor the goddess Athena because the people of ancient Athens believed that she helped the Greeks conquer the Persian Empire in the Persian Wars as well as watched over them and the city. Therefore, the temple is dedicated to Athena Parthenos. Parthenon was built in the year 448 BC and was completed...

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Ancient Greece and Important Contribution Socrates

 The sophists were a group of traveling teachers and philosophers in ancient Greece. They had a very different mind set than most of Athens. They argued that the human mind simply can not understand the universe, it was beyond our reach. True wisdom was being able to pursue and percieve ones own good. Sophists believed it was more important for individuals to improve and work on themselves. For them, there was so absolute right or wrong. They're goal was to learn how to argue effectively, not to...

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece The Greeks become one people Greek myths Pandora’s Box In ancient Greece they had myths about gods in one of them Zeus asked Hephaestus to make him a daughter. They made her out of clay. Hephaestus made a beautiful woman named Pandora. Zeus sent Pandora to earth so she could marry Epimetheus. Zeus wanted Pandora to marry Epimetheus so he could get even. One of the brothers, Prometheus gave people fire without asking Zeus for permission. Zeus sent Pandora to earth with a box. The...

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Women’s life in Ancient Greece through Euripides Electra

Women’s life in Ancient Greece through Euripides Electra Electra is one of the most prominent female figures in Ancient Greek literature as all three of the renowned tragedians, Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides have written their own respective plays centered around this one woman. I read the play of Electra written by Euripides. If the play was written by a woman it would be totally different. I even checked out some info about the other versions of Electra and they portray...

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Classical Greece And Hellenistic Greece

 Classical Greece and Hellenistic Greece have a lot of differences. They have differences in time as the classical Greek, or, Hellenic period was the time before the death of Alexander The Great. Some of them are the studies of philosophy, literature, art, science, and religion. As a result of Alexander's campaigns, the Greek world was forever changed after his death in 323 BCE. Alexander's campaigns had brought the Greeks into contact with a number of Asian cultures, and Alexander had wanted...

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece Greece today is very different from what it was centuries ago. The beliefs are the same and the Gods who once ruled still live among in myths and tales told from generation to generation. Ancient Greece made many influential contributions to western civilization such as in the areas of philosophy, art, architecture, math and science. All of the achievements that ancient Greece has made was done simultaneously while fighting two wars, the Peloponnesian war and the Persian war. Greek...

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Hist 3336 Ancient Greece Final Exam Study Guide

HIST 3336 Ancient Greece Final Exam Study Guide Exam=Thursday, April 25th (bluebooks will be provided in class) The Final Exam will be divided into 3 sections: map, short answer and essay sections (20:40:40). For the map section, students may be asked to identify any of the locations listed below on the map posted on Blackboard. For the short answer section, students will get to choose from a list of terms taken from those below and write paragraph identifications for each. For the essay section...

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Gender In The Ancient World

Gender in the Ancient World Warrior from Riace Ancient Greek society, their beliefs, ideologies, experiences and societal norms can only be realized by studying the artifacts that have managed to survive through out the centuries of abuses from war, conquest and Mother Nature. A great majority of the surviving artifacts found have been works of art, many of which are sculptures. These sculptures reveal clues to how the day-to-day lives in Ancient Greece were determined by status in society...

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Homosexuality in Ancient Greece

Ralph Setton ENG 2100 Muscles, Testosterone, Physique, OH MY! Homosexuality and its Roots in Ancient Greece When one imagines an Ancient Greek warrior, one envisions a manly, brave, honorable brute. We wouldn’t necessarily assume that there would be homosexual tendencies within a society defined by virility, bravery, and honor. Yet there is undeniable proof that Ancient Greek warriors did in fact believe in, endorse, and partake in homosexual relationships. Although we would expect there...

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Ancient Athens-Democracy

democracy was derived from ancient Athens. Ancient Athens was very important in history because it was the first government to run as a democracy. Without their ideas, many other countries would not have a democracy. In Athens, women did not have a lot of freedom and spent most of their days in the house as a housewife. They were considered only one class above slaves and were practically an object that their husband owned. The role of women has improved a lot from Ancient Athens to modern American...

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Ancient Authors: who was the most reliable in Ancient Sparta

it altogether; and partly because the Spartans themselves were so completely silent.With respect to our knowledge of the helots in ancient Sparta, how accurate do you believe this statement to be? Support your position by discussing the primary sources available on ancient Sparta. It is accurate to say that many ancient writers recorded works associated with ancient Sparta. Very few of these works were recorded by Spartans or those who had any first hand experience of the city or contact with the...

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The Warriors of Ancient Sparta

The Warriors of Ancient Sparta Sparta, also known as Lacedaemon, was an ancient Greek city-state located primarily in the present-day region of southern Greece called Laconia. Life was very different in ancient Sparta than it was in the rest of ancient Greek city-states. The Spartans were proud, fierce, capable warriors. No great works of art came out of Sparta. But the Spartans, both men and women, were tough, and the Greeks admired strength. The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups:...

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Ancient Women Powerfull or Powerless

In ancient world, men’s and women’s life were highly segregated. Man worked in public places while women were confined to their homes, where they managed the household and raised children with the help of slave. This does not mean that women did not have a social, public and economic life. David Cohen says that Athenian women participated in many activities such as working in fields, acting as nurse and many other activities. Women were considered week in front of men, role’s of men were given more...

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Women of Ancient Greece

Women of Ancient Greece In ancient Greece, women endured many difficulties and hardships. They struggled to exist. It wasn't just a struggle to be equal to men, but even to be seen was unheard of. Some women married, some had demeaning jobs, and others were slaves. Their role in society was essential, no matter how poorly they were treated. Females were given little voice, if any, in major decisions. Greek women had very limited freedom outside the home. Marriage was considered one of the...

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Thucydides, Ancient Historian

getting their funding for the war and who were building what array of war weapons. ‘...a special fund of 1000 talents from the money in the Acropolis. The expenses of the war were to be paid out of other funds...’ Modern historians can understand ancient Athens as the world’s first democracy, as Thucydides documented this. He described the role of speakers and debates which took place inside a huge open air auditorium on the west hill of the Acropolis. The assembly would vote by a show of hands...

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Individuality in Ancient Greece

individual may be instrumental in its success, another may thrive by subverting individuality and treating all of its members as interconnected parts of one greater whole. The Ancient Greeks and the Ancient Persians viewed the role of the individual within society very differently. By studying the art of the Ancient Greeks and the Ancient Persians, such as the Bust of Pericles in Athenian art and the depiction of Xerxes in Persian art, it is possible to gain an understanding of how the members of each society...

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The Differences and Similarities in Ancient Athenian Democracy and Modern New Zealand Democracy.

essay will explain the themes and patterns of ancient Athenian democracy and modern New Zealand democracy, their similarities and differences, cultural expectations and codes of behaviour. Greek civilizations thrived for almost 1300 years ago. Ancient Greeks lived in Greece and countries we now call Turkey and Bulgaria. They became very powerful they were the most powerful between 2000 BC and 146 BC. One king or monarch did not rule ancient Greece. They were There were a number of city-states...

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Women in Ancient Egypt and Greece

Women in Ancient Egypt and Greece By Morgan L. Harvey Throughout history women have faced many struggles in gaining equality with men. Freedoms and boundaries have been dependent upon the time period, rulers, religions and civilization. Ancient Greek women and Ancient Egyptian women were both equal to men as far as the law was concerned in certain areas; however, their equalities were different in the sense that Greek women were married out of necessity and viewed as property while Egyptian...

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The Golden Age of Greece

The Golden Age of Greece Greece is a country with an abundant history more commonly known as the Golden Age of Greece or the Iron Age. The Iron Age began in the year 1000 BCE in Athens. The History of Greece is naturally separated into three periods each marked by its own distinctive artistic achievement. Some of the most famous pieces of literature were created during the first three hundred years of Greece such as the Iliad, and the Odyssey, and because these stories are based on heroic characters...

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Born in approximately 460 BC and 430 BC, Thucydides and Xenophon lived during The Peloponnesian War – a hugely significant and tragic event in Greek history. It is not surprising, therefore, the influence that it had on their works. The majority of ancient historians would claim that Xenophon’s Hellenica is a undoubtedly a continuation of Thucydides’ The History of The Pelopponesian Wars -“The Hellenica is divided into seven books, and covers the forty-eight years from the time when the History of Thucydides...

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Riligious Expression in Ancient Greece

Ancient Greek and Roman Religious Expression 1 Ancient Greek and Roman Religious Expression John Lloyd HUM/100 Ancient Greek and Roman Religious Expression 1 Ancient Greek and Roman society, has overcome many changes throughout history. When looking into the Greek and Roman society, there are questions that come up like, what did they do, and whom did they worshipped? One thing the Greeks and Romans were known for...

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Life and Works of Ancient Greek Writers

Life and Works of Ancient Greek Writers ENGLISH – YEAR 11 HOMER Homer was the most important and earliest of the Greek and Roman writers. Greeks and Romans didn't count themselves educated unless they knew his poems. His influence was felt not only on literature, but on ethics and morality via lessons from his masterpieces. He is the first source to look for information on Greek myth and religion. Yet, despite his prominence, we have no firm evidence that he ever lived. In the Western classical...

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Describe the Social, Cultural and Political Features of Classical Athens and Ancient Sparta

Greece in ancient times had many social, political and cultural features, including: religion, society, government and warfare. Two powerhouses of Ancient Greece were the cities of Athens and Sparta, who led Greece in many of their endevours. Early Sparta and Athens was a building process with many ups and down of which they learnt how to run their cities. Early Sparta did not have enough land to support it's growing population, so they conquered the neighbouring state of Messinia and doubled...

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Roles of Men, Women and Slaves and What Their Significance Was in the Life of Athens During the Classical Age of Greece 479-336 B.C.E.

to show the different roles of men, women and slaves and what their significance was in the life of Athens during the Classical Age of Greece 479-336 B.C.E. Athens was and still is known as the original culture to create the ideal of democracy and was the first democracy in the ancient world. (Pomeroy, 2012)(Levack, Muir, & Veldman, 2011). However; Ancient Athenians were not an equal society, they reserved citizenship for only a select group within the population. Male citizens once reaching...

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Why Did Athens Lose the Peloponnesian Wars? What Impact Did the Wars Have on Greece?

Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian Wars? What impact did the wars have on Greece? A good portion of blame for Athens losing the Peloponnesian Wars can be laid at the feet of two men: Alcibiades and the Spartan king, Lysander. Alcibiades was the nephew of Pericles. He was very charismatic and the young people of Athens loved him. But he had a glaring flaw; he lost his parents at a young age and became something of a sociopath, not caring what his deeds resulted in. As stated before...

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Drama, Theatrics, and Humanization of Gods in Ancient Greek Culture

The people and culture of Ancient Greece have shaped the way modern civilization is today. Since 800 BC, the Greeks were the first to civilize their country and rid of the rule of kings, forming a democratic system of government.1 Greek Gods were also anthromorphic, but humanized, and had their own personalities and conflicts.2 The basic form of literature was developed, hence the reasoning for the many myths and stories behind Greek art.3 Exekias’ black figure paintings of Gods on pottery showed...

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Ancient Greece Location

Ancient Greece Location: Ancient Greece is a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (ca. 600 AD). Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine era. Included in Ancient Greece is the period of Classical Greece, which flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC. Classical Greece began with the repelling of a Persian invasion by Athenian leadership...

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Ancient Greece: Arts and Architecture

Ancient Greece 3000 BCE was the start of one great civilization which became known as ancient Greece. Throughout the years there have been many cultures to adopt the many accomplishments that the Greeks have made. This civilization had many accomplishments such as those in art, architecture, sports, government, and education. One accomplishment that the Greeks have made has to do with the art. Arts and architecture had become a way of living for ancient Greece. Because Grecian life was dominated...

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The Ancient Greek Time Period

Theaters, actors, and plays were all started in the ancient Greek time period. Ancient Greek theater began between 550 and 220 BC. The plays or productions focused on the Greek God Dionysus. Dionysus was the God of wine, agriculture, and sexuality. Thespis was a person who told stories through songs to Dionysus. Thespis did two major things that transformed Greek theater, make actors instead of just storytellers and translated the hymns into Dionysus to story telling songs which people acted out...

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Similarities in the failures of Xerxes’ invasion of Greece and the Sicilian Expedition

 Similarities in the failures of Xerxes’ invasion of Greece and the Sicilian Expedition On paper, Xerxes and the Persians, along with Alcibiades and his Athenians, would be overwhelmingly favored to win over Greece and Sicily. However, although both the Athenians and Persians not only far outnumbered their opponents in manpower, weaponry, and utilities, they still shockingly were both beaten and sent back to their homelands. The reasons for why two superpowers such as these would fall...

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Mathematics and Mayans

means study, knowledge, or learning. Along with philosophy and astronomy, the ancient Greeks were well known for their development and contribution as brilliant mathematicians. Despite their widely spread fame as the world’s first greatest mathematicians, the Greeks had competitors. My contention is that the Mayans were one of the top mathematicians of the ancient world and were even more advanced than the Greeks. Ancient Greek mathematics has been developed since the early seventh century B.C. which...

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Women In Athens and Sparta

Women in Athens and Sparta “Men are free to roam outside, but the women must stay inside.” (Unknown Athenian), this was true for most of human history, and Ancient Athens was no different. However in Ancient Sparta it was much different from the rest of Greece, and for that matter a majority of civilizations. Usually when people think of Athens they think of the Golden Age of Athens (480-322 B.C.) and think that men and women are prospering throughout Attica and it was more like the Roaring 20s...

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Socrate's Conviction

This was not the only charge brought against this philosopher; he was also accused for corrupting adolescences, Alcibiades and Critias. Should he have been condemned to death over such charges? Although religion and the state were central to ancient Athenian law, Socrates was executed unjustly. Socrates’ reputation among his fellow citizens suffered greatly during two periods when Athenian democracy was temporarily overthrown; one four month period from 411-410 B.C. and a longer period from...

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Peloponnesian War and Spartan Warriors

Jacqueline Gomez The Spartans Sparta was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece, situated on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. It emerged as a political entity around the 10th century BC, when the invading Dorians subjugated the local, non-Dorian population. From 650 BC it rose to become the dominant military land-power in ancient Greece. Given its military pre-eminence, Sparta was recognized as the overall leader of the combined Greek forces during...

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Elgin Marbles

over crop that looked over Athens, the Parthenon was the most important (Bangs 2004). It was built between 447 and 438 B.C. and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena. Athena is the goddess of wisdom, the goddess of craft, and a war goddess. The Ancient Greeks were a culture that took their gods very seriously and did whatever they could to keep them happy. Throughout the Parthenon there were elaborate sculptures made out of marble. These sculptures, which were a part of the Parthenon frieze, ...

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Battle of Thermopylae and Athenian Education

PDEF 121 HISTORY AND CONTEMPORARY DEVELOPMENT IN EDCATION ASSIGNMENT: Compare and contrast the system of education in ancient Sparta and Athens and point out the relevance of these experiences to the modern theory and practice in education. INTODUCTION: (A) SPARTAN EDUCATION: When a boy child was born, the city-state of Sparta gave him a piece of land thus making him a full citizen of Sparta. The father had the right to raise him and teach him the basics until the age of 7. The boy would then...

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Address the reasons of success behind Sparta’s reign. When speaking of Ancient Greek warriors for many the ideal and mental illustration of red cloaks, long hair, longer spears and bronze helmets sparks to mind. Based through the entertainment factors of Hollywood and archaeology many individuals know the brilliance of the warrior society of no other than Sparta. (2nd SLIDE TURN) We can see here the representation of the stereotypical ideal of a Spartan. But what grants this nation this profound...

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Oedipus Webquest

notes on your findings and specifically find the answers to these questions: A. Who was/is Dionysus? Dionysus was the god of the vine. He invented wine on Mount Nysa and spread the art of tending grapes around the world. Dionysus was one of the most influential deities of the ancient Olympians, and if he chose to do so, the god of wine could drive a person mad - no normal constraints could hold him or his followers. ("Myth Man's Dionysus." Myth Man's Dionysus. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2014.) B. Why is there a festival in his honor...

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Antigone and Feminism

women were presented a certain duty, Antigone went against it and did what she felt was the right thing to do. Women of the eighteenth-century were expected a certain role, and so were women of Ancient Greece. Just like Robert’s article, Edward J. Sozanski explains how in Ancient Greece, men did not trust Greek women. He also states how Greek men believed that women were suppose to be “responsible, stay in their place, and preform their assigned duties, such as spinning, weaving, and breeding”...

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Comparative Analysis of Art

During the Ancient Greek period art was not only mare naturalistic and humanistic but also became directly affected by the events going around. Both the Marble Statue of an Old Woman and the Marble Statue of Aphrodite are sculptures that were made during the Ancient Greek era, they each tell a story of what was going on during that point in time. The Marble Statue of Aphrodite is the eldest of the two sculptures, it was sculpted between the 2nd and 3rd century B .C. During this period Greece was at...

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Athens vs. Sparta

the society is overrun and no one has a free say. This is the type of society the ancient Spartans would have lived like unlike the ancient Athenians. The Athenians lived a far more diverse life if compared to Sparta. Ancient Athens was better to live in than ancient Sparta due to its efficient and honorable government and flourishing economy. Primarily, ancient Athens’s efficient government was better than the ancient Spartan government due to its adroit Council, resourceful Assembly, and its direct...

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Lysistrata: a Comedy of Stereotypes

LYSISTRATA, a comedy of stereotypes The playwright Aristophanes wrote about an ancient Greece, Athens in particular, during a time of constant warfare. His play "Lysistrata" is an attempt to amuse while putting across an anti-war message. In fact even the naming of the play is an anti-war message of sorts. The word "lysistrata" means, "disband the army" (Jacobus 162). Aristophanes was a crafty writer; he creates a work of art that causes his audience to think about the current state of affairs...

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The Bronze Status from Artemision

The date and the location give us some hints about whom the sculptor intended to portray. At this time, the Olympic games were held in Athens and people in Greece worshipped the god Zeus and the god Poseidon. Thus, three possibilities arise: first, it may portray the winner of the Olympic games since it was customary in Ancient Greece to build a sculpture for the winner to commemorate his triumph and glorify his outstanding ability. Second, it may portray the god Zeus whom Greek people went to...

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Alex the Great Lecture Notes

governor of Babylon when the empire split apart. Legacies of Alexander the Great: He made the language and culture of Greece the dominant. He ruled intellectual and commercial elites from the Mediterranean, east of India, Afghanistan, and the borders of Russia, as far south as Egypt. The common Greek dialect Koine spread as the language of educated people throughout the ancient world. Much like English is the common language in the international business world. Alexander’s administrators, businessman...

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Chapter 4 Notes ( Earth and Its People) 3rd Edition

Chapter Four! Greece and Iran 1000 – 30 B.C.E. ⅠAncient Iran 1000 - 500 B.C.E • Also known as the Persian Empire. • Little written materials are left. A. Geography and Resources • Northwest Iran was more open to attacks by the nomads of Central Asia. • Irrigation in the first millennium B.C.E. enabled people to move to open plains so they could plant. • Under ground irrigation channels. • Human survival depended on a delicate ecological balance. B. the Rise of the Persian Empire • “Iranians”...

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HUM11 Reviewer

ANCIENT GREECE Education Government HOMER The Homeric Hero and Honor The Iliad Mythological Background Themes Portrayal of the Gods The Odyssey Symbols and Themes Portrayal: Gods and Women GREEK DRAMA Three Types Fate and Free Will in Oedipus the King Ancient Greece INFLUENCES Roman Empire Byzantine Empire Latin and Frankish states Ottoman Empire Venetian Republic Genoese Republic British Empire EDUCATION IN ATHENS : Arts and Culture (1) Prepares citizens for both peace and war. (2)...

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Iliad and Odyssey

The views and beliefs of societies are often portrayed in the literature, art, and cinema of a certain era. The epic poems, The Iliad and Odyssey, give scholars and historians an idea how the Ancient Greek lived their everyday lives. By reading the two "novels," the reader is able to experience the three thousand years old society of Homer. The various similarities between our society and the societies depicted in the Iliad and the Odyssey are surprising profuse. To name a few: the superfluous...

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Agriculture and Greek Myth

mythology and the sacred religious cult, the Eleusinian Mysteries, reveal a lot about the importance of agriculture and the future fecundity of the land to ancient civilisations. As the mother-goddess of the grain and rich harvest, the myths of Demeter are pivotal to a contemporary understanding of the cultural function of agriculture in the ancient world. The use of primary sources, most notably the Homeric Hymn to Demeter and Ovid’s Metamorphosis, provide crucial insight into agriculture and its...

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Traits and Values Associated with Femininity in Antigone

ANTIGONE The conventionally accepted roles of both males and females in ancient Grecian society were well defined and manifested. Women were considered the weaker of the sexes and, thus, were expected to remain in the home and perform their domestic duties, while the men were to be rulers and bread-winners. The woman’s voice was not heard on any issues affecting the society as her opinions were thought unworthy of consideration. She was required merely to reproduce, to execute her domestic duties...

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Athenian Women, More Than Just Wall Flowers

Athenian Women, More than Just Wall Flowers Introduction Ancient Athens can be best described as a patriarchy, where women and children were under the authority and guardianship of a male (Blundell 66). A dichotomy exists between ancient sources surrounding the life led by Athenian women. On one side there is Xenophon, who portrayed Athenian women to be limited to a domestic role where household duties such as cleaning, cooking, and supervising slaves were primary activities of Athenian...

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Greek and Chinese ways of life

civilizations have been developing all over the globe. Some of these civilizations have shared several goals, experiences, and problems. Two particularly noteworthy civilizations are those of Greece and China. Greece had many city-states within in it. Two major Greek city-states were Sparta and Athens. Despite belonging to Greece, these city-states were unique culturally, politically, and socially. The Han Dynasty in China is another civilization that was unique in terms of its cultural, political, and social...

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Women of Troy Essay

The Trojan Women To the ancient Greeks the Siege of Troy was the greatest and most important event in the Age of Heroes; that age of wonder when the Immortals who dwelt on Olympus and whom they worshipped as gods, mingled with mankind and took a visible part in their affairs. The end of Troy marks the place where legend ends and history begins (Green, 11). The line between fantasy and reality is sometimes difficult to grasp, leaving...

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Religion, Death and Burial in Spartan Society

Religion, death and burial Religion played a central role in Spartan society in the ancient world. In addition to being well known for their fierce fighting force, Spartans were well known amongst other Greek city-states for their devotion and serious attitude towards religion and the gods. Because of their strict devotion to religious practises, they were often mocked by other Greek states. The gods were to be obeyed completely and were to be respected completely by all Spartans, though in theory...

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The Ideals of Human Bodies

1.Consider the Greek fascination with creating the perfect human body as you analyze briefly three key sculptural examples from the Hellenistic Age of ancient Greece. Relate to what extent these key sculptures may help to define the idealistic meaning of ‘perfect balance of beauty, harmony and proportion’ to fine artists for this century. Ancient Greeks were not only superb with philosophy and mathematics but also they were extremely influential in terms of their body sculptures. They believed...

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bronze statues, which begin to be important, at life size, from the early 5th century, though few have survived. Athens was not the only source. Olympia in south Greece has been mentioned, and there were distinguished sculptors from elsewhere, such as Polyclitus, with their own variations on the idealized norm. The Persian invasion of Greece and sack of Athens (480/479 BC) discouraged much work in Athens for some 30 years, but the city was the leader of a League against the Persians and rapidly grew...

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