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P.A.S.S Research Paper

By ailenef Jul 03, 2013 2121 Words
Chapter 1
The Problem and Its Background
Studying is one of the most important responsibilities one has during school. Maintaining good study habits will help one learn and succeed. Conversely, poor study habits will make it harder to excel in one’s studies.

Sports on the other hand, help students in improving their physical, psychological and social well-being. This healthy lifestyle could eventually help in the child’s progress not only in sports but in academics as well.

Southville International School and Colleges (SISC) believes in the balance between sports and academics. SISC offers diverse programs that cater to enhancing both their academics and sports intelligences.

The study is designed to find out how playing basketball could affect the study habits of selected lower school students of SISC.

The researcher chose this topic because he finds it interesting. For him, he knows that he will learn a lot from this study most especially because he too, is a basketball fanatic.

Statement of the Problem
This study entitled, Basketball Games and Study Habits of Selected Grade 6 and 7 Students of Southville International School and Colleges aimed to answer the following questions:
Specifically, it aimed to answer the following questions:
1. What is the profile of the respondents when grouped into two: 2.1 those who play basketball
2.2 those who do not play basketball
2. What is the extent of study habits manifested by those who play basketball and those who do not? 3. Is there a difference in the manifested study habits of the respondents when grouped according to: 4.3 those who play

4.4 those who do not play
Significance of the Study
Students- This study may help the students in understanding the importance of having a good balance between sports and academics.
Teachers- This study may help the teachers learn more about keeping the balance between sports and study habits by providing rich activities that will cater to the different needs of the students.

S.I.S.C.- The study may help the school in improving its facility to better accommodate different sports and academic programs being offered to help keep the balance between sports and academics.

Parents- The study may help the parents understand the need to expose their children to different sports as well as sports programs that could help enhance their learning capacity and to optimize their learning potentials.

Definition of Terms
Basketball. This term means a game played between two teams of five players in which goals are scored by throwing a ball through a netted hoop fixed above each end. Study Habits. This refers to the ways that one studies. These are usually formed during the school years. \

Chapter 2
Review of Related Literature
Basketball is very popular as a casual way to exercise and as a competitive team sport. It is a fast-action game with lots of running and jumping, and provides a good physical workout. You can go out and shoot baskets by yourself or get involved in competition games. It is one of the most popular sports in the world and one of the most widely viewed. It is a team sport that involves two teams of five active players each trying to score points against one another by throwing a ball through a 300cm (10 foot) high hoop (the ‘basket’) under organised rules. It is played on both indoor and outdoor courts.

The size of the court, height of the basket, size of the basketball, and length of time that the game is played, all vary according to the age, size and skill level of players. Basketball is a fast moving game that involves a lot of variety, including shooting, dribbling, passing, rebounding, defence and much more.

Basketball involves a lot of starting and stopping. While not renowned as an aerobic sport, it is still a great workout that can help you: Burn calories (an hour of basketball can burn 630–750 calories) Build endurance

Improve balance and coordination
Develop concentration and self-discipline
Help you to make new friends and see them regularly
Teach you about being a good team player
Teach you about setting your goals and priorities
Teach you to be more responsible

Although official games of basketball require 10 players, you can play a game of basketball with just one other person. You can also go out and shoot baskets by yourself. If you want to play basketball competitively, you can become a member of a team and get involved in local competition. Check out your local sports centres and associations for information on how to join a team, or start your own.

Basketball is a great way for kids to get active and have fun. ‘Aussie hoops’ is a national introductory basketball program for primary school children, started by Basketball Australia and the Australian Sports Commission. It provides primary school girls and boys of all ages, abilities and skill levels, with the opportunity to play basketball and develop sports, social skills as well as good study habits in a safe environment.

Study Habits
Did you ever stop to wonder what sets apart the really successful students from the average ones? Why do some students who appear to study all the time just get by, while others who don’t appear to put in as much time and effort do well? Is it all related to IQ and genetics or are some other factors involved? The truth is that success in school is not so much determined by sheer intelligence as knowing how to study. Studying is a skill. Being successful in school requires a high level of study skills. Students must first learn these skills, practice them and develop effective study habits in order to be successful. Very often the study habits and practices developed and used in high school do not work for students in college.

Good study habits include many different skills: time management, self discipline, concentration, memorization, organization, and effort. Desire to succeed is important, too.

Study habits are the ways that you study - the habits that you have formed during your school years. Study habits can be good ones, or bad ones. Good study habits include being organized, keeping good notes, reading your textbook, listening in class, and working every day. Bad study habits include skipping class, not doing your work, watching TV or playing video games instead of studying, and losing your work.

Students grapple with many issues in their lives, and because of all of the competing things for your attention, it’s hard to concentrate on studying. And yet if you’re in school, you have to do at least a little studying in order to progress from year to year. The key to effective studying isn’t cramming or studying longer, but studying smarter. The best way to get good grades is to start using good study habits now. It’s a lot easier to maintain good grades than to improve poor grades later. Plus, the study habits you learn now will help you in college and in your future career.

Every student has his own style, his own strategy to cope with the rigors of school. Getting started with the right study habits might do some magic. Take a look at the following tips that might help in improving your own study habits.

Know your learning style. Do not feel embarrassed in asking your teachers for their help right after the class. Decide what to study, how long to study or how much to study before you get started. Set a goal and stick to your deadlines. If you’re a motivated student, complete difficult tasks first. For procrastinators, start off with the easy, interesting parts of the project. Reward yourself as you accomplish tasks.

Have special places to study. Take into consideration lighting, temperature and the location of a desk, pen, paper, etc. Study 30-50 minutes then take a 10-minute break. Stretch, relax and have a snack. If you get tired or bored, move to a different location, subject or task. Allow plenty of time for reading, outlining and writing papers. Use less time for memorization, review and self-testing. Use memory activities to review just before you fall asleep. Study with a friend. Quiz each other, compare notes and predict test questions. Speak up! If you need help, ask for it.

Learn to put studies as your top priority. Going out or hanging out with friends can happen right after you are done reviewing and accomplishing your homework. If there is a need to get extra help, like getting into tutorial or group studies, then by all means go for it. It will surely help a lot.

At the end of the day, it is not the pressure that you are eradicating but the pleasure of having done this not because your parents nor your teachers ask you but because you took the initiative to help yourself in setting your goals straight. It does not matter what your score is, what matters is that you have done your part, you have done your best.

Chapter 3

In this chapter, the researcher will present the procedures undergone in the study. These are presented in the following sections: (a) research design, (b) respondents of the study, (c) research instruments, (d) administration of the instrument, and (e) statistical treatment of data.

Research Design
The researcher decided to use the descriptive method of research. The descriptive method of research is believed the most suitable means to gather the information needed so as to collate details and attain the purpose of the research.

Respondents of the Study

The respondents of the study were selected randomly from the grade school students of the 6th grade and the 7th grade of SISC A.Y 2012-2013. The fifty students were chosen to answer the questionnaires.

Research Instrument

The researcher used a self-devised but literature-based questionnaire to gather all the pertinent information.
To find out the extent of respondents’ study habits, a Likert Scale was used to determine and interpret the results.

Administration of the Instrument
The researcher distributed a self-devised questionnaire to the respondents with the aid of their class advisers. Questionnaires were answered by the respondents during the Homeroom time with ample supervision from their class adviser. By the end of the day, the questionnaires were gathered one by one by the teachers.

Statistical Treatment of Data

Once the questionnaire was retrieved, they were tallied. Computing for the percentage within the sample was used to show the tables in interpreting the data.

Percentages were computed using the following formula:
%= nX100
Where n=number of respondents
M=total number of responses

Chapter 4
Presentation, Interpretation and Analysis of Data
This chapter presents the data gathered by the researcher to be able to answer the following specific questions:

Specific Question 1: What is the profile of the respondents when grouped according to: 1.1 those who play
1.2 those who do not play

Specific Question 2: What is the extent of study habits manifested by those who play basketball and those who do not?

Specific Question 3: Is there a difference in the manifested study habits of the respondents when grouped according to: 3.1 those who play
3.2 those who do not play

Chapter 5
Major Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations
Major Findings
Based on the data gathered, the following are the major findings: 1. Majority of the respondents play basketball.
2. The respondents manifest their study habits to a high extent. 3. There is no difference in the manifested study habits of the respondents when grouped according to those who play basketball and those who do not. Conclusions

Based on the results of the research, it is concluded that:
1. Grade 6 and 7 selected students play basketball.
2. Grade 6 and 7 selected students took responsibility of their roles and adequately perform these roles within the group; and minority of them are always on task during pair activities and completed most pair activities in allotted time.

On the basis of the findings, it is hereby recommended that: 1. Other tests be administered to students to find out the level of student participation. 2. Specific subjects could be the focus to know how students’ participation could be affected by computer-assisted instruction. 3. Specific software and/or program like LAMs/Moodle and Rosetta Stone could be used to know the level of student participation. 4. The number of respondents should be increased for more accuracy.



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