Riofrir, R. 2013. “The used of information technology in office system and in business.” A Library Research Paper, WIT.
Information Technology (IT) is the application of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data. Nowadays it had been proven that almost of the business industry are using IT especially in big business. In dealing business and office system, using IT is very convenient, it’s because it can carry out transactions, provide information, record data and perform tasks easily. The researcher concluded that using IT in office system and in business transactions is very important and effective, thus recommended that in our generation and for the future generation, so that someday you’ll have a successful business career.
Have you ever wonder that in one big business company without information technology? Can they perform their tasks or transactions easily? If you’ll ask me, I’ll answer, no. It’s because almost of the big business company are dealing a computer system especially nowadays we are here in a modern world, and according to Bill Gates, “Information Technology and business are becoming inextricably interwoven. I don’t think anybody can talk meaningfully about one without the talking about other.” The term IT is ambiguous although mostly synonym with computer technology (Haigh, 2011). In fact, the great majority of references to information technology have always been concerned with computer, although the exact meaning has shifted over time. The phrase received its first prominent usage in a Harvard Business Review article intended to promote a technocratic vision for the future of business management (Haigh, Leavitt & Whisler, 1958). Humans have been storing, retrieving, manipulating and communicating information since the Sumerians in Mesopotamia developed writing about 3000 BC (Butler, 1997), but the term “Information Technology” in its modern sense first appeared in a 1958 article published in the Harvard Business Review, that “the new technology does not yet have a single established name. We shall call it information technology (IT) (Leavitt, 1958).
The main purpose of this research paper is to discuss the different uses and contribution of information technology in the field of office system and in business industry.
Information technology (also referred to as IT) is the application of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data, often in the context of a business or other enterprise (Daintith, 2009). In the business context, the Information Technology Association of America has defined information technology (IT) as “the 2
study, design, development, application, implementation, support or management of computer based information systems”. The business value of information technology is to automate business process, provide information for decision making, connect business with their customers, and provide productivity tools to increase efficiency. Office system is the micro- electronics and telecommunications are in the process of transforming office work. In turn this is influencing the availability and type of information that managers used (Lucey, 1994). Text handling defines as a word processors as a common feature in most office. It can either be a stand- alone or dedicated word processor or a general purpose micro- computer utilizing a word processing program (Lucey, 1994). Data storage defined that the ability to store and access vast volumes of data is an undoubted benefit if IT in organizations. Routinely the organizations files, maintained on disk backing storage, are accessed using desk top VDU’s and terminals (Lucey, 1994). Telecommunication is the power and flexibility if IT in organizations derived from combination of the capabilities of the individual machine and from the ways that machines are linked and combined (Lucey, 1994)....
References: Haigh, T. 2011. The history of information technology. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, 45, 431-487.
Leavitt, H.J. & Whisler, T.L. 1958. Management in the 1980s. Harvard Business Review, 36(6), 41-48.
Butler, J.G. 1997. A History of Information Technology and Systems. http://www.tcf.ua.edu/AZ/ITHistoryOutline.htm
Lucey, T. 1994. Business Administration. Aldine Place London. DP Publications Ltd.
Baldauf, K.J. 2009. The world of Information Technology. Phi. ESP Printers, Inc.
Lansiti, M. 2005. Why IT Matters in Midsized Firms. Harvard Business School, Working Paper Number 06-013.
Nobel, C. 2010. How IT Shapes Top-Down Bottom-Up Decision Making. Harvard Business School Working Knowledge.
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