Hawaiian Studies

Topics: Volcano, Hawaii, Pacific Ocean Pages: 4 (883 words) Published: October 15, 2013
HAWAIIAN HISTORY STUDY GUIDE
- answer all of the questions on homework worksheets
- describe the Pacific ring of fire
The Pacific Ring of Fire is an arc of intense seismic (earthquake) and volcanic activity stretching from New Zealand, along the eastern edge of Asia, north across the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, and south along the coast of North and South America. It is composed over 75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes. - describe the Hawaiian hot spot, plate tectonics, and how Hawaiian Islands were formed

- put the volcanic island stages in the correct order
1. Deep submarine
2. Shallow submarine
3. Shield-building
4. Postshield
5. Erosional
6. Rejuvenation
7. Reef-growth
8. Atoll
9. Guyot

- label the three major cultural areas in the Pacific (Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia)

- describe the two initial Polynesian migrations to Hawai’i and what was believed to be the main differences between them (e.g. peaceful planters vs. warriors) 1. Marquesas “Peaceful Planters”
Hawaii first settled in 300-600 A.D. by Polynesians from the Marquesas Islands (1,500 years ago) 2. Tahiti “Tahitian Warriors”
Later, 1,000-1,300 A.D. Tahitians emigrated to Hawaii and took over islands (1,000 years ago) *Tahitians conquered Marquesans & introduced high chief status. - label the eight southeast Hawaiian Island, the volcanoes of Hawai‘i Island and the direction of the prevailing trade winds - name at least three canoe plants and three canoe animals

Animals: jungle fowl (moa), pigs (pua'a), dogs ('īlio)
Plants: banana (mai'a), taro (kalo), awapuhi (ginger)
- give an example of at least one endemic and at least one indigenous Hawaiian species (plant or animal) Endemic: Nene (Hawaiian goose)
Indigenous: Naupaka (flower)
- list at least four environmental factors used by ancient Hawaiian navigators Stars, planets, moon, wind, currents, ocean swells, stationary clouds, green "atoll clouds" - name at least two of the voyaging canoes in existence...
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