Preview

Why did Tsar Nicholas II fall from power in 1917?

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
1998 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Why did Tsar Nicholas II fall from power in 1917?
The cause of Tsar Nicholas II downfall is controversial but I believe there are three main reasons for it. Rasputin and the Russian people’s resentment towards his influence over Nicholas contributed significantly. However, world war one was also a discernible cause of the downfall of the Tsar due to the terrible state it left the country in and the negative effects this had on the people. The most important contributing factor to Nicolas’ downfall was himself because he was an ineffective, autocratic ruler who refused to listen to the needs of his people worsening the other factors. Tsar Nicholas was an autocratic ruler who believed in divine right meaning he believed he was God’s representative on Earth, chosen by God to be Tsar; however, he was incompetent and refused to listen. In source 11, Nicholas states ‘I am not prepared to be tsar’ contradicting his belief in divine right and showing he wasn’t ready to be tsar. Nicholas’ military training instead of training to rule may explain his lack of readiness to become tsar. This statement backs up Nicholas’ incompetence as even he knew he wasn’t fit to rule. In the same source, he says ‘I never wanted to become one’ (become Tsar). Nicholas preferred to spend time with his family rather than ruling the country, shown when he says he didn’t want to be Tsar. Source 13 shows the Tsar wouldn’t listen, as the Okrahna, his secret police, sent a report to Nicholas saying ‘the workers here are on the verge of despair’ but he does nothing about it. Bloody Sunday is another example of Nicholas refusing to listen when he could have prevented his downfall. Father Gapon, led 200,000 to the Winter Palace on 22 January 1905 to give Nicholas a petition (source 12) requesting help. The peaceful demonstrators, some of whom carried pictures of the Tsar out of respect, were met by the Cossacks and soldiers who shot at them. Source 5, depicting bloody Sunday, shows a skeleton on a horse wearing the hat, of a Cossack uniform

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    As Nicholas respected Alexandra’s wishes he ignored the problems Rasputin was causing him and allowed her to have Rasputin around. He also took her advice in appointing ministers as he was unable to be there to make sufficient judgement himself. She rather took advantage of this position and dismissed any ministers that insulted or ridiculed Rasputin,…

    • 1166 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    All state leaders across the whole period held qualities that didn’t please the whole of the population in Russia. During the reign of Alex II, the government showed some strength with controlling opposition from the peasantry through the emancipation of the serfs in 1861. It was thought that to prevent revolt from below, this was a key movement that had to be made, and therefore prevented future unrest and opposition. However, the new liberated serfs had to deal with more laws concerning land ownership with led to further unrest and repression in the peasantry by the state. The state moreover, appeased the most vocal critics but in such a way that allowed dissenters to express themselves in the knowledge that Tsar’s decision would be final. Compared to Nicholas II’s reign, this showed a decisive leading technique, as Nicholas’s style was more conservative, and showed weakness, relying on others’ advice to fuel his decisions. A key failure throughout his period was the mixed rule attempt with the Duma introduced from 1906 to 1917, it is arguable that Nicholas II made concessions only to keep opposition temporarily at bay and that his aim was to uphold the principle of autocracy.…

    • 1646 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Essay On Tsarist Autocracy

    • 1209 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Due to Nicholas II’s failure to accomplish the citizen’s goals and to negotiate with them, the Russian Revolution began. Peasants struggled…

    • 1209 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Czar Nicholas II Impact

    • 1570 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Czar Nicholas II, also known as Nikolai Aleksandrovich Romanov, was born on 18 May 1868. Czar Alexander III, Nicholas’s father, died with kidney diseased at the age of 49, and Nicholas II “succeeded his father in 1894” (NicholasII BBC). Czar Nicholas II was neither trained nor ready to rule Russia. Even though as kid, he had private tutors, his father did not inform or teach him…

    • 1570 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Nicholas II would be the Tsar that Russia would ever have, the Romanov dynasty would wiped out along with Nicholas II and his family. The Tsar was a caring father and a dutiful husband which could ultimately be the reason he abdicated, to protect his family but ended the way in he and his family would die. Because of his abdication. Russia was facing a series of problems when Nicholas II came to the throne; he had a series of poor harvest in 1891, 1892, 1898 and 1901. To complement this situation there was a serious rise in population. In 1796 the rural population was 35 million and this represented 96.4% of the population, whereas in 1897 the…

    • 1556 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Tsar Nicholas II was a very poor leader for the people of Russia, he lacked leadership skills. His poor leadership qualities lead too many problems within Russia that were not dealt with efficiently. For example he did not trust the Duma, in 1906 the first Duma was introduced; after 72 days Nicholas dissolved the Duma as he did not believe in their policies and he did not trust them. This angered many people, Nicholas was not giving anyone a chance to speak and help him to change Russia.…

    • 1510 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Tsar Nicholas soon decided (or knew no other way) that he would rule the same as his father, and all the Romanov generations before him ruled, with absolute power. He decided to rule this way because he saw no need for change - 'it's worked for nearly 300 years, why change now?' the tsar was once quoted saying. What the Tsar didn't realize is that he is ruling with a 17th Century mind-set, and it was now the 20th century.…

    • 1855 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Nicholas II ruled a police state, called the okhrana, which responded brutally to anyone who dared question his authority. He had absolute power. He declared the law and could overrule any existing law. Political parties were illegal until 1905. There was no parliament until 1906 and even then, Russia was hostile to its existence. He was free to appoint and dismiss his advisers without giving reasons.…

    • 1713 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    - Concerned with frontiers and borders, protect territory; (surrounded by Turkey, Iran, China, NK) – brought into conflict with other nations.…

    • 1142 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The anarchy in Petrograd was finally brought to the attention of Nicholas, but only a limited amount because the reports were censored. It was not until he tried to return to Petrograd that he realized how many strikes there were and how critical they were to Russia. This was just like the Tsar’s…

    • 735 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Nicholas seemed not to understand the real nature of the problems his nation and his dynasty faced. Firstly, what the tsar’s power showed was how little Russia had advanced politically compared with other European nations. By the beginning of the twentieth century all major western European countries had some form of democratic or representative government. Not Russia, it had remained outside the mainstream of European political thought. There had been reforming tsars (Peter I, Alexander II) but achievements had not included the extension of political rights. In Russia in l894 it was a criminal offence to oppose the tsar or government, political parties had no legal right to exist, there had never been a free press in imperial Russia and government…

    • 821 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Tsar Nicholas II succeeded in making a bad situation in Russia even worse. He became a leader at a difficult time, and could never stop the process of revolution. The Tsar was not a good leader, and was out of touch with the Russian people. He was also weak and indecisive, and extremely stubborn. Nicholas II was not equipped to effectively rule a country the size of Russia, and with a vast variety of people with different language, religion, race and culture. Additionally, Nicholas II was mainly concerned with family issues, instead of being concerned with political issues. It was these traits in Nicholas II?s personality that hindered him in being able to attempt to steer Russia away from revolution.…

    • 1455 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Tsar’s flaws as a leader were an extremely important reason as to why he was losing control of his country. Russia was an autocracy- this meant that the Tsar had full control of the country and had the final say in every decision. This could have been positive, but I think it was a negative thing. He was not a very decisive person, and he would not delegate to others (An example of this being, how he interfered in the appointments of local midwives.) While he was busy doing the wrong jobs he needed employees that were capable of the best. Another flaw of Nicholas’ was that he was extremely suspicious of those cleverer than him and fired many of his best workers (Count Witte) and preferred to hire only family and friends. This helped to weaken his control on Russia because not only did he lose respect from his people, but also he was not doing his job and as the only ruler of the country, Russia did not have a focused authority figure.…

    • 1597 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Throughout his time as Tsar, Nicholas II was faced with constant threats due to terrorist groups such as the peoples will. Many of these groups were oppressed by ‘The reaction’ that began under the reign of Alexander III, however not all opposition was destroyed. This meant that Nicholas was in constant Jeopardy. This essay will discuss whether or not Tsar Nicholas II was truly in serious Jeopardy during the events of 1905.…

    • 795 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    ‘Nicholas said over and over again: 'As God wills.' It wasn't as God wills. He had made mistakes and he was leading Russia in the wrong direction…’ - Robert K. Massie…

    • 1325 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays