Modern History - Decline and Fall of the Romanov

Satisfactory Essays

Decline and Fall of the Romanov Dynasty

Nicholas II as an Autocrat
Nicholas II:
Weak and indecisive leader; gentle. Uneducated.
Tsar refused to move with times; see changes and reforms.
Close relations with Queen Victoria.
Manipulated/Heavily influenced by wife Tsarina Alexandra.
Austrian princess – granddaughter of Queen Victoria.
Pressured Nicholas to preserve autocracy.

Russian 1900’s – Tsar + family ruled completely – no democracy.
King was religious AND political leader:
- Divine rule (put on Earth by God to govern).
Tsar was “appointed by God” to rule as his representative on Earth.
Most countries = constitutional monarchy – power shift monarchypeople.

Russian Empire 1900’s: Political, Social Grievances.
Largest country in the world geographically – size equates to word power.
- Concerned with frontiers and borders, protect territory; (surrounded by Turkey, Iran, China, NK) – brought into conflict with other nations.
Rivalries with Nations - Major wars w. European nations (Germany x2)/Japan, America.
Ethnic group – many minorities – Russian Orthodox majority.

Expansionism necessary – feed huge population, obtain fertile land.
Isolation – no infrastructure between villages.

European Affairs:
Development westward = brought into contact with European affairs.
Previously isolated; exposure to diplomatic system.
Alliances – Great Britain and France (surround. Germany). Franco-Russian/Triple Entente.
Russia needed to expand East and South – China, Japan and Korea.
Secure port facilities (did not freeze); natural resources.

Social Grievances:
Working Class Anger –
Rapid industrial growth ended in 1897 – dropped to 1% by 1901 = Unemployment; wage cuts.
Demanded better working conditions – based on new found intellect and ability to read – Army recruits returning with level of literacy.

Urban workers demanded (becoming better organised): Basic civil rights.
Shorter working

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Nicholas II came to the throne during an arduous time in Russian history. It was a combination of factors, including his political ineptitude that led to the fall of the Romanov dynasty and eventually cost Nicholas II, the Tsarina Alexandra and their five children their lives. Russia was late in modernising, partly due to the Tsar?s lack of reforms, and was behind Britain, France and the United States. Russia was also slow to emerge from feudalism, and was undergoing difficulty as industrial and…

    • 1455 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    The Decline and Fall of the Romanov Dynasty In 1894, Tsar Alexander III died suddenly of Kidney failure at a very young age. His son, Nicholas II took over the position (he was only 26) through succession, not knowing that he would soon become the tsar who brought the Romanov rule to an end after more than 300 years of autocratic rule. The same year, Tsar Nicholas married Princess Alix (Alexandra) of Hesse-Darmstadt. The marriage was a love match. The couple were a perfect example of complete love…

    • 1855 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    The Decline and Fall of the Romanov Dynasty was directly impacted buy social, economic and political issues and grievances throughout the 19th and 20th century. Political Issues included the autocratic rulership, revolutionary trend, the political ineptitude of Tsar Nicholas II and the problems that arose from these. Social issues included effect of political rule and repression, …. TBC The autocratic rule that dominated the 300 year old dynasty was also a key factor in its destruction; the social…

    • 1611 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Modern History Research Essay: The Russian Revolution (Task 1) Assess the role of the Bolsheviks for the decline and fall of the Romanov dynasty. The beginning of the 20th century brought radical changes to the social and political structure of autocratic Russia. It was a period of regression, reform, revolution and eradication. Eradication of a blood line that had remained in rule for over 300 years; the Romanov Dynasty. The central figure of this eradication was Tsar Nicholas II, often described…

    • 2102 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Romanovs Fall

    • 550 Words
    • 3 Pages

    I should probably sum up what I'm trying to say: The fall of the Romanovs certainly cannot be blamed on Rasputin. Like I mention below, I believe that the main reason was the inability of Nicholas to either crack down like a true tyrant, or yield to the demands of the 1905 revolutionary liberals, and make Russia a constitutional monarchy (like the UK). However, on top of all the grievances the elite in Petersburg, the farce of the holy man straight out of the Middle Ages must have only intensified…

    • 550 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Romanovs had ruled Russia since 1613. When the last tsar of all, Nicholas II, was appointed to the throne in 1894, there was no hint of the fate that awaited him. Many among the huge crowds that lined the streets for his coronation celebration saw him as their "little father." They believed God had supposedly appointed Nicholas to rule an empire covering about one-sixth of the earth's land area. In 1894, Russia was at peace. Foreign investors promoted its industrialization. Russia was ranked…

    • 1713 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Decline and Fall of the Romanov Dynasty It can be argued that Grigory Rasputin was responsible for the fall of the Romanov Dynasty to an extent. There are many aspects that Rasputin was the cause for Nicholas and his family losing their powers over the people of Russia. It is believed that Rasputin was only the catalyst that brought about widespread revolt. Rasputin played a very important role in the lives of the royal family, especially to the Tsar and Tsarina’s only son , Tsarevich Alexei…

    • 966 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The cause of the fall of the Romanov dynasty in 1917 was impacted by many; these people and events include: Nicholas himself (Tsar), Alexander, Rasputin, WWI and the Russian revolution. It all began in 1894 when a man named Alexander III (Tsar of Russia), died leaving his son Nicholas II to become the tsar of Russia at the age of 26. In 1894 Nicholas married Alexander the princess of Germany; they had 5 children, 4 girls and a boy. There only son Alexei was born with hemophilia. In the 19th…

    • 647 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Was Nicholas solely responsible for the revolution of 1917? The revolution of 1917 was the culmination of a number of factors coming together and causing the volatile mix of reasons to come together and boil over. The people of Russia where fed up with the horrible conditions they had to put up with and decided to do something about it. Some factor I will discuss include the industrialization, Nicholas introduced several policies which harmed his countries economic prosperity. One thing that…

    • 1471 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    THE FALL OF THE ROMANOVS: AN ANALYSIS A Term Paper Submitted to Mr. Sashah B. Dioso In partial fulfilment of the requirements in History 107 (Modern History of Russia) Junauelle Kyla B. Andres Camille May B. Savillo BS Economics IV INTRODUCTION The Romanov dynasty was the last imperial dynasty to rule Russia. The Romanovs ruled Russia for almost three centuries, from 1613 until 1917, the year of its fall during the Bolshevik Revolution. The Romanovs were descendants of the boyar…

    • 1970 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays