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Unit 1 Equality And Diversity 2014

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Unit 1 Equality And Diversity 2014
Unit 1 Assessment

You should use this file to complete your Assessment.
The first thing you need to do is save a copy of this document, either onto your computer or a USB drive
Then work through your Assessment, remembering to save your work regularly
When you’ve finished, print out a copy to keep for reference
Then, go to and send your completed Assessment to your tutor via your My Study area – make sure it is clearly marked with your name, the course title and the Unit and Assessment number.

Please note that this Assessment document has 18 pages and is made up of 5 Parts.

Name: Dave Cornock

Part 1: Understanding equality

This section will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 1: Understand what equality is.

Learning objective
Place in Assessment
1.1 Describe what is meant by equality
Question 1 Page 1
1.2 Define the following terms:
Protected characteristics
Equal opportunity
Positive action
Discrimination by association
Question 2 Page 2
1.3 Describe examples of equal opportunity within society
Question 3a Page 3
1.4 Describe examples of inequality within society
Question 3b Page 3

1. What is meant by equality? Provide a description below. [1.1]

Equality means treating everyone equal no matter what their sex, gender, disability, sexual orientation, religion, belief, race or age.( Equality – is equal rights and treatment to all individuals)
There is also a legal obligation to protect against discrimination.
Discrimination can also be against a person’s sex, gender, disability, sexual orientation, religion, belief, race or age.

2. Provide a definition of each of the following terms: [1.2]



The definition of a stereotype is a well-known idea or image of a person or idea that is held by a number of people.
An example of stereotype is that fat person is lazy


The definition of prejudice is an opinion or judgment that disregards the facts,
Some examples is racism, not liking someone because they don't share your religion


The definition of labelling is attaching a descriptive word or phrase to someone or something,
An example of labelling if a parent is in prison a child will automatically be labelled as a trouble maker

Protected characteristics

The definition of protect characteristics it is unlawful to discriminate against an individual because of protected characteristics .Some examples are: age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex and sexual orientation.

Equal opportunity

Equal opportunity is a situation to ensure that all people have the same opportunity in life as others without being treated in an unfair way because of their sex race religion sexuality age

Positive action

Positive action are steps that can be taken to encourage people from groups with different needs or with a past track record of disadvantage or low participation to apply for jobs


Discrimination is defined as distinguishing differences between things or treating someone as inferior based on their race, sex, national origin, age or other characteristics

Discrimination by association

Discrimination by association refers to a situation where an individual is discriminated against through their association with another person an example is
Maryam gone for a job and is qualified the same as other applicants, but she do’s not get the job because she may need to care for her child and the employer doesn't like that. So she is discriminated against because of her association with another person.

3a. In the box below, describe examples of equal opportunity within society. Use your own experiences, if you can, in your answer. [1.3]

The term equal opportunities is a broadly used phrase which promotes the idea that everyone within an organisation should have an equal chance to apply and be selected for posts, to be trained and/or promoted and to have their employment terminated equally and fairly. There should be no discrimination on the grounds of sex, homosexuality, age, racial origin, religious affiliation, disability or marital status.

I have experienced this within my job role as supervisor I have 26 direct reports to me some who have leaning difficulties and others who are more experienced. When new job roles are advertised these are placed up so everyone can have the chance to apply for these roles. Even when these have criteria’s that can be out of their comfort zone so even the less experienced can still apply.

Another experience we have just had we were all put at risk of redundancy and had to apply for our post. This was carried out by means of an online question and answer which we were scored against. Then followed by question and answer interview and role play everyone received the same questions and answers and were scored on performance

3b. In the space below, describe examples of inequality within society. Use your own experiences, if you can, in your answer. [1.4]

Examples of Inequality:

Disabled people not having access to building and public transport and people being judgemental and having preconceived ideas

People with mental health conditions are overwhelmingly unemployed

Children have little control over their own learning programs

I have experienced this personally with my grandson who suffers from Epilepsy and blackouts. His teacher seems to think he should be moved to another school because they did not feel they should give him the same teaching as the other children. Eventually he had to be move to another school as he had fallen behind in his education but is now improving

Once you have completed Part 1 of your Assessment, save the work you have done so far – you will need to send your work to your tutor for marking when you have completed all five Parts of this Assessment.

Part 2: Understanding diversity

This section will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 2: Understand what diversity is.

Learning objective
Place in Assessment
2.1 Describe what is meant by diversity
Question 1 Page 4
2.2 Identify diversity that exists within society, looking at

Personal characteristics
Cultural identities
Question 2a Page 5
2.3 Describe the contribution these variations make to the overall diversity of society
Question 2b Page 6
2.4 Describe how diversity enhances their own life

Question 3 Page 6
2.5 Explain why it is important to respect the differences of individuals
Question 4a Page 6
2.6 Describe how these differences should be respected
Question 4b Page 7

1. What is meant by diversity? Provide a description below. [2.1]

Diversity literally means difference. Diversity recognises that though people have things in common with each other, they are also different and unique in many ways. Diversity is about recognising and valuing those differences. Diversity therefore consists of visible and non-visible factors, which include personal characteristics such as background, culture, personality and work-style in addition to the characteristics that are protected under discrimination legislation in terms of race, disability, gender, religion and belief, sexual orientation and age. By recognising and understanding our individual differences and embracing them, and moving beyond simple tolerance, we can create a productive environment in which everybody feels valued

2a. Identify diversity that exists within society. In your answer make reference to each of the following:
Personal characteristics
Cultural identities [2.2]

Interests within society are hobbies and activities that people like doing which will vary and differ from friends, family and neighbours these can be for example gardening, playing bingo, going to the gym, and taking part in course in community halls with other people and even bird watching

Beliefs are which others believe in these can be their religious beliefs examples of Muslins praying daily and their main praying day being Friday, vegans who do not eat meat, because they believes the way animals are treated before they reach our plate can be cruel and inhumane and also another reason why people become vegetarians because it's being realised that a vegetarian diet is good for you

Age has an effect on society as we are living longer due to healthier life styles and better medical care. This also has an effect on the strain on the NHS and housing because the population is growing quicker that we can build houses and new hospitals

Lifestyles can be Travellers (Gypsy) who like to live in caravans and also sharing their same ways as a small community of their own. Muslins do not like eating pork as they deem this an unclean animal and the Koran have prohibitions against eating the flesh of cloven-hooved animals,i.e., pigs and a few other species you wouldn't think of eating anyhow

Personal Characteristics People who can talk different languages can teach others and creating a better way of communicating. Skills in technology

Cultural identities we have many different cultural identities these can be our religion, sexual preference. The types of food we like to eat and the way we cook these

2b. how do the variations listed in 2a contribute to the overall diversity of society? [2.3]

People can become fitter and healthier, learn how to grow plants and have a better understanding of the environment, Socialise better with better communication with the different cultures and religions. Have a better understanding on why different cultures and beliefs vary and the reasons they believe in these. Learn and understand the language and not be ignorant. Try and taste the different foods from different cultures and pass these on to the younger and older generation so they can learn and embrace the different ways of the world

3. How does diversity enhance your own life? [2.4]

I enjoy going on holiday to different places one of these is Turkey. During my recent visits I have adapted to the way they live and socialise. I follow their rules by paying taxes and bill the same as they do. Learning to speak the language and teaching them on how to speak ours. We have also learned on how to cook their different meals like vine leaves. We have bought a property and followed the method of purchasing this and have to be aware that their faith and religion is that when one partner dies if it is the male the property will go to the oldest male sibling in the family this can only be change by all members living to change at the notary office

The Institute of Leadership & Management (ILM), course has given me knowledge on how to gauge people’s body language and getting them working as a team getting to know the different strengths of each other.
Each other’s skills ranging from, designing, IT, and knowledge of presentations and giving feedback also peoples different energy levels and the way team members bounce off each other.
Encouraging others to take part with in the development of the final product by setting each other goals, objectives during the Planning, Thinking, Do, Review, stages

4a. Why is it important to respect the differences of individuals? Provide an explanation below. [2.5]

Treating people with respect makes your world a nicer place to live in, whether it's at home, work, or out in your community. This is easy all you have to do is treat people the way you like to have them treat you. I have listed a couple of examples.

Don't insult people or make fun of them, Listen to others when they speak, Value other people's opinions, Be considerate of people's likes and dislikes, Don't mock or tease people, Don't talk about people behind their backs, Be sensitive to other people's feelings, Don't pressure someone to do something he or she doesn't want to do

4b. How should these differences be respected? [2.6]

On a practical level respect includes taking someone's feelings, needs, thoughts, ideas, wishes and preferences into consideration. It means taking all of these seriously and giving them worth and value. In fact, giving someone respect seems similar to valuing them and their thoughts, feelings, etc. It also includes acknowledging them, listening to them, being truthful with them, and accepting their individuality and cultures.

Respect can be shown through behaviour and it can also be felt. We can act in ways which are considered respectful, yet we can also feel respect for someone and feel respected by someone. Because it is possible to act in ways that do not reflect how we really feel, the feeling of respect is more important than the behaviour without the feeling. When the feeling is there, the behaviour will naturally follow.

Once you have completed Part 2 of your Assessment, save the work you have done so far – you will need to send your work to your tutor for marking when you have completed all five Parts of this Assessment.

Part 3: Stereotyping and labelling

This section will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 3: Understand the effects of stereotyping and labelling

Learning objective
Place in Assessment
3.1 Explain why some people stereotype others
Question 1 Page 8
3.2 Describe the damaging effects stereotyping and labelling can have on individuals
Question 2 Page 9
3.3 Describe ways stereotyping is encouraged in society

Question 3 Page 10

1. Explain why some people stereotype others. [3.1]

Because they are ignorant and do not know any better. And in my opinion because they are scared of what the other might be capable of and therefore try to distort their image as much as possible

They may fear what they don't know, be uneducated, have little contact with a person who is of a different race than they are, "brainwashed" while they are younger, be affected by the media, etc. Most of the time I find that people stereotype because they are ignorant and don't know how to change their ways

It is a part of society, everybody is stereotyped every day, athletes, men, women, different races, hair colour, eye colour, height, weight, body shape, voice, facial features it’s just what we do. It is something that is learned. Everybody in the world is the same, Stereotyping is something that society teaches us, and shapes who we are

2. Provide two examples of the damaging effects that stereotyping and labelling can have on people. [3.2]

People who are overweight are considered less desirable by potential employers, who perceive them to be less productive and hard working. They think that obese people are less productive in the workplace and more prone to injury. 'This highlights that people continue to hold stereotypical assumptions that obese people are responsible for their own weight and any problems they suffer are self-inflicted – whereas it might be the case that there is an underlying medical condition. This then in turn affects their self-esteem and confidences

A stereotype is similar to a label because a stereotype is label given to a group of people classified due to their clothes, lifestyle etc.
Stereotypes have mainly a bad affect as most stereotypes are negative. If you stereotype someone for something that is not true such as calling a guy gay because he likes to take care of his appearance and the way he talks/walks, this would bring the person down and the person will be labelled as gay which people may start believing

Well, some effects could be loss of self-esteem or emotional damage. Depending on who does the stereotyping, it could go all the way up to death

3. Provide at least two examples of the way stereotyping is encouraged in society. [3.3]

We see a lot of stereotypes encouraged these days on TV and it doesn't seem to matter what type of programming you watch.
There are many people that are made out to be over the top for whatever role they are filling for their show even on reality TV.
We have people acting black, gay, white, etc. so much that people who do not get a true chance to interact with people of different backgrounds start to believe the nonsense they watch on TV.

It can especially affect children. Many children have favourite stars or sports hero's that they grow up adoring and they wish to emulate the stars behaviour and style and want to be like them. Remember the saying, "I want to be like Mike?" TV is slowing eroding moral values among young people

Once you have completed this Part of your Assessment, save the work you have done so far – you will need to send your work to your tutor for marking when you have completed all five Parts of this Assessment.

Part 4: Prejudice and discrimination

This section will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 4: Understand the effects of prejudice and discrimination

Learning objective
Place in Assessment
4.1 Describe how people may develop prejudices

Question 1 Page 11
4.2 Describe the types of discrimination and prejudices that can exist in society

Question 2 Page 11
4.3 Describe the difference between indirect and direct discrimination
Question 3a Page 12

Question 3b Page 13
4.4 Give examples of direct and indirect discrimination

Question 3a Page 12
4.5 Describe the effects that different types of discrimination can have on individuals

Question 4 Page 14
4.6 Describe the effects that different types of prejudice can have on individuals
Question 4 Page 14

1. Describe how people may develop prejudices. [4.1]

I believe one reason is because of the way they were raised...another reason may be because of television I think prejudice develops out of a misguided need to protect ourselves. If ideas you've always had are challenged by different ideas, if a way of life you're invested in seems threatened because someone else lives differently, if people who look or act differently make you see yourself in a way that is uncomfortable, prejudice is the cowardly and convenient response. It starts with generalizing and progressively takes on nasty tentacles.

It also has to do with the way we choose to take in and fully understand knowledge we are too lazy to objectively weigh new information and change our view of the truth accordingly, we develop prejudice as a handy compartment in which to place those facts which don't fit into our theories of how the world is, or should be.
Mainly because of ignorance when you don't know better, you belittle people

2. Describe the types of discrimination and prejudices that can exist. Complete the table below and give at least six examples. [4.2]

Discrimination/ prejudice Description

Discrimination in hiring
During a job interview, being asked inappropriate questions about child care arrangements if you are a parent or whether or not you plan to have children, questions about your disabilities or health limitations or problems, your age, your religion or any other personal characteristic protected under human rights. and not getting the job based solely on your answer to these questions and not your qualifications or experience

Wage Discrimination

An example would be when an employer offers a lower wage for a woman doing similar work as a man or offers a lower wage to new immigrant having similar experience/skills as a non-immigrant

Discrimination in housing

When seeking a house or flat for rent, the landlord tells you that no children are allowed (discrimination based on family status) or they won’t rent to people under 25 years (age discrimination) because they’re too noisy and won’t look after the place.

Gender Discrimination/Prejudice

Whether at the workplace or at home is another commonly observed prejudice that exists in today's society. An organization which hires more male candidates and rejects women (or vice versa), due to their gender, is said to be prejudiced. One more example is of an organization where women are hired equally, but not given top jobs. Such organizations are practicing gender discrimination too.

Prejudice against different religion

Instances of prejudices based on religion are found all over the world. Although, most religions preach tolerance and acceptance of other religions, yet, fanatics are found everywhere. Usually, it is seen that people who believe more in following the rituals and religious practices, rather than taking religion as a means to reach God, are more likely to engage in discrimination and prejudice against people who follow a religious belief other than theirs.

Age Discrimination

If there is a recent graduate in his early 20s applying for the same job as an older person in their 40s or so, the older person may be hired first in some instances because of their age. It's assumed that because they are older they may have more responsibilities mortgage, rent, family, car, insurance than a younger person, when that isn't always the case. Or could be visa-versa

3a. Define the two terms below and then give at least two examples of each term. [4.3] [4.4]

Direct discrimination


Under the Equal Opportunity Act 2010 direct discrimination occurs if a person treats, or proposes to treat, someone unfavourably because of a personal characteristic protected by law


1. An employer advises an employee that they will not be trained to work on new machinery because they are too old to learn new skills. The employer has discriminated against the employee by denying them training in their employment on the basis of their age.

2. You're not selected for a promotion at work. The supervisor says that while he thinks you could do the job, you'll be retiring soon, so we're looking for someone who'll be here for a while

Indirect discrimination


Indirect discrimination will occur where a person imposes, or proposes to impose, a requirement, condition or practice that has, or is likely to have, the effect of disadvantaging people with a protected attribute, and that is not reasonable.


1. An advertisement for a job as a cleaner requires an applicant to speak and read English fluently. This may disadvantage a person on the basis of their race. The requirement may not be reasonable if speaking and reading English fluently is not necessary to perform the job.

2. Everyone entering a sporting venue has to present a driver's license as identification, because it has a photo. Some people with a disability, or young people who can't drive, won't be able to get in.

3b. Describe the difference between these two terms. [4.3]

Direct discrimination is pretty straightforward in most cases. It happens when you're dealt with unfairly on the basis of one of the grounds because of a personal characteristic protected by law

Indirect discrimination is often less obvious. Sometimes, a policy, rule or practice seems fair because it applies to everyone equally, but a closer look shows that some people are being treated unfairly. This is because some people or groups of people are unable or less able to comply with the rule or are disadvantaged because of it. If this policy or practice is not reasonable, it may be indirect discrimination

4. Describe the effects that different types of discrimination and prejudice can have on people. Remember to include references to both discrimination and prejudice in your answer. [4.5] [4.6]

Prejudice and discrimination may lead to physical, sexual, emotional, and/or mental abuse. Being the victim of prejudice or discrimination can negatively impact a person's emotional well-being and sense of self-esteem, especially if they experience prejudice or discrimination on an on-going basis due to a natural characteristic of who they are as a person. People who are prejudged or discriminated against may develop physical or mental health problems as a result of the discriminatory actions of others.

Once you have completed Part four of your Assessment, save the work you have done so far – you will need to send your work to your tutor for marking when you have completed all five Parts of this Assessment.
Part 5: Ways in which people describe themselves

This section will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 5: Understand the ways in which people might choose to describe themselves Learning objective
Place in Assessment
5.1 Describe factors and characteristics that make a person who they are, including:
Physical characteristics
Likes and dislikes
Values and beliefs
Personal interests
Religious and cultural
Question 1 Page 16
5.2 Describe what having ‘multiple identities’ means
Question 2a Page 17
5.3 Describe their own multiple identities
Question 2b Page 17
5.4 Describe the multiple identities of another person

Question 2b Page 17
5.5 Illustrate how an individual can identify as belonging to a number of different groups
Question 3 Page 18
1. What makes you who you are? Use the terms in the table to describe yourself. [5.1]

My physical characteristics

My physical characteristics are I am short and stocky build. Wear glasses and have some distinguishing tattoos on both arms. I have very strong Gloucestershire accent
My likes and dislikes

I like supporting my local Rugby team and going to home games with my eldest son. Enjoy doing DIY or helping my family with improving their homes. Love travelling abroad especially to Turkey, and taking my Grandchildren out. I do not like confrontation and try to avoid really crowded places, and dislike shopping
My values and beliefs

I have very good family values and ensuring they are all ok and well and have no problems. Believe that all people should work for their money and always pay their bills. Believe people should value money and not live above their means Be respectful to all people especially your elders. Practice what I preach
My personal interests

Watching Rugby on TV or at the grounds both England and Gloucester. Doing DIY for all members of my family and friends. Learning and undertaking training course to help others for their future. Gardening and growing both Vegetables and flowers. Playing online games and socialising and going out for meals and dancing
My religious and cultural preferences
Do not have any religious preference but like listening and singing to hymns’
Enjoy watching English Rugby. Like trying and eating all types of foreign foods and socialising with my foreign friends
My geographical experience (where I was born, where I live now, etc.)

I was born in Bristol but have grown up in Gloucester and have live here for nearly 50 yrs. My intentions for the future is to live in Turkey for 7 months from April to October then the UK from October to January then to Goa from January to April and back to Turkey
2a. Describe what is meant by having ‘multiple identities’. [5.2]

You could be a boss to your direct reports at work and a friend out of work

A father to your son and Granddad to you grandchildren

A son to your mother and brother to you sisters and brothers

A friend to your neighbours

2b. In the table below, describe your own multiple identities and those of a person you know well. [5.3, 5.4]


As in 2a I am a son to my mother
Brother to my sisters and brothers
A father to my children and Granddad to my Grandchildren
A Husband and friend to my Wife
A boss and friend to people who work under me
A Mentor and Coach to my apprentice
An Uncle to my Nieces and Nephews
Another person

A Wife and friend to me
A mother to our children
A grandma to our grandchildren
An advocate and IMCA to people at work
A sister to her sisters and Aunty to Nieces and Nephews
Daughter to her Mother and Farther

3. Explain and give examples of how an individual can identify themselves as belonging to a number of different groups. [5.5]

Richard Mosson my line manager is a good example
Clean, washed and groomed hair – Suit and Tie – Briefcase – Good Manager and leader during the working week.
Showered, casual clothes, relaxing in favourite chair, good father/parent to his children after a day’s work in the office.
Captain and leader at Golf club–Trousers – Shirt or smart Tee shirt – Team jacket and cap – Belong to a golf club –practice nights Tuesday and Thursday competition on Saturday once a month. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Richard has a recognised association with diverse groups through the various aspects of his work, family life, and club member.
His description as a well groomed white collard employee accepted by his peers as a professional character and identifies Richard within that working ethos and acceptability of the Government industry environment. Richard is in a ‘Planned Group’ where his occupation has been specifically formed for a purpose.
Richards’s role changes for that day, when he retires back to the family home. He is now in a ‘Primary Group’ [formerly known as nucleated group]. This is where Richard experiences face-to-face and intimate interaction in the role of husband, partner and ‘role model’ for their children.
After a hard weeks work, 8-5 everyday, then being a family man in the evenings and mornings, husband, parent, he’s able to relax even more by kicking back in a state of perpetual harmony in taking part in golfing training and competitions.
Keen to let go of the constraints of everyday life in the working and home environment, to that of enjoying a Saturday every month with his team members in competitions.

Now that you have completed all five Parts of this Assessment, go to and send your work to your tutor for marking.

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