How views on animal intelligence have changed over time
In the early nineteenth century people confused animal instinct with intelligence Gustav Wolff believed that an animal could think in the same way that a human and can express human ideas in human language. This belief was inspired by the fact that Clever Hans, at first, seemed to understand and to have mastered arithmetic. After that, Pfungst investigated further and concluded that Hans didn’t understand human language and think. Instead, Hans was acting based on cues from people around him. Before 1960 Scientists believed that animal’s actions were based on instinct and not on intelligence. Today the perspective has changed, animals that are easy to train may be very intelligent, however they don’t understand what they are doing. When evaluating animal intelligence, we must test them in situations that have meaning for their lives not ours.
If one considers only the personal benefits that longer life would bring, the answer might seem like a no-brainer: People could spend more quality time with loved ones; watch future generations grow up; learn new languages; master new musical instruments; try different careers or travel the world. Although immortality in my opinion would be disturbing, because will affect society at all levels, for example mean more time to work , careers would be longer , family structure would be so extensive that it would be difficult to remind all members, in addition marriages would be multiple.
In spite of the fact that volunteering is a personal choice, nowadays, it is a requirement to graduate from school. Student should do 30-40 hours of community services to graduate .Many people are with it strongly. However, in my opinion mandatory volunteering is not a good idea. Making community service compulsory negates the intended purpose. First, that would be an oxymoron, how would it be volunteering if you were mandated to do it. It is not volunteering if the students are required to do it. Doing volunteer work with force may result incomplete work. As well, forcing a teenager to do anything may cause rebellion and stubbornness. Also, a lot of students do not have time to volunteer. They may have responsibility of taking care of younger sibling after school or help in house work. These students are already bearing a number of burdens; requiring them to do more work outside of school than they already do could just turn out to be one responsibility they can't afford to fulfill. Forcing student to volunteer can make their life harder. TYPES OF ESSAY
An essay is a short piece of writing that discusses, describes or analyses a topic. It can discuss a subject directly or indirectly, seriously or humorously. It can describe personal opinions, or just report information. An essay can be written from any perspective, but are most commonly written in the first person, or third person. There are many different kinds of essays. The following are some of the most common:
Descriptive essays rely on the effective use of language to enable the reader to visualize a scene. Of all essay types, the descriptive essay is the one which requires most creative writing ability as it is based on the ability of the writer to facilitate the visualization of a scene, evoking sensory reactions and responses. Much of the writing will be adjectival but the use of other semantic fields, such as adverbial, will also be employed. Before beginning to write a descriptive essay, the writer should consider the audience for which it is intended as clearly this will influence choices made regarding language, syntax and level of sensory perception. For example, you would not describe a beach in the same way to an adult reader as you would to a child: the first would be likely to emphasize the beauty of the beach, its peacefulness or romantic qualities; the second would be likely to stress the fun...
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