Section 7-1 review:
1. Growth refers to changes in size, but growth development refers to increases and changes in physical, emotional, social, or intellectual skills.
2. Near to far development refers to how an infant’s development starts close to the trunk of the body and moves outward. The other two patterns of development are head to foot, and simple to complex. In the simple to complex development, babies first develop their large muscle groups. Head to foot development begins before birth. It starts during the prenatal stage, and it continues after birth and can be seen in the increasing control babies gain over their body.
3. A baby needs a stimulating environment, one where the baby as a wide variety of things to see, taste, smell, hear, and touch. An environment lacking in stimulation can result in fewer or weaker connections in the brain and delayed or slow development in other areas.
4. Three major milestones are: 1. Standing alone for short periods of time. 2. Holding and drinking from a cup. 3. Picking up small objects using the thumb and forefinger.
5. It would not be reasonable to assume that a 12 month old could weigh 15 pounds. It is more likely the baby would weigh around 21 pounds by that age.
6. At birth, vision in blurry, but by a year, their eyesight reaches the clarity and sharpness of the adult level.
7. Three reflexes are the sucking reflex, the rooting reflex, and shutting eyes under bright lights. Three grass motor skills include control of the head, rolling over from front to back, and crawling. Three fine motor skills include opening and closing hands, picking up objects, and drinking from a cup.
Section 7-2 review:
1. When a baby won’t stop crying, a frustrated parent could put a baby down in a safe place, go into another room, and take some deep breaths or look out the window to calm down. A parent could also ask a friend or relative to care for the baby for a few hours, or they call someone and talk about the problem.
2. Pillows and stuffed toys can cause suffocation.
3. A possible bedtime routine consists of putting the baby in the crib, gently patting the baby goodnight. The baby may cry, but it will usually sleep after a few minutes.
4. A newborn takes four or five naps a day, each about 3 to 4 hours. A 12 month old may take one or two naps, and have a 9 to 10 hour sleeping period at night.
5. In the first year, a baby’s source of nutrition is breast milk or formula. After six months, parents can introduce solid foods.
6. Not every mother is physically able to breast feed, and formula is specially made to meet babies’ nutritional needs. However, breast milk contains antibodies and is germ free and easy to digest.
7. Cereal is one of the first solid foods introduces to babies. Others include: small pieces of chicken, small pieces of cooked pasta, and chunks of bananas.
8. Three factors I would consider in choosing a clothing gift for a new born include comfort, clothes that are easy to put on the baby, and clothes that can get longer use out of.
Section 7-3 review:
1. A tub bath requires a tub, and a sponge bath can be used any time a baby needs to be clean.
2. Three steps of changing a diaper are: 1. Removing the diaper and cleaning the baby. 2. Putting on a fresh diaper. 3. Disposing of used supplies.
3. An older baby needs fewer diaper changes each day and they are more likely to let you know when a clean diaper is needed.
4. Babies tend to grow teeth around six-months of age.
5. During checkups, the pediatrician ill track the baby’s growth and development, thoroughly examine the baby, and respond to the parents’ questions and concerns.
6. Three ways to keep a baby safe at home include: 1. never leaving a baby alone near water. 2. Keeping all medicines and household cleaners in locked storage areas. 3. Ensuring the baby’s clothes are flame retardant.
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