1. The sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 are the following:
Babies at birth – most are born at 40 week and premature babies more often need a little more time to reach the same level of development as babies born in and after the 40th week. Most are born with just reflexes for survival at first. These would be swallowing, sucking reflexes to help feed. Rooting reflex baby will move its head if the cheek is touched to find a nipple or teat. Grasp reflex babies will grip objects touching their palm. Startle reflex they will often move arms outwards and clench fists is a sound movement or light suddenly startles them. Walking reflex when babies are held upright with their feet on a firm surface they usually mimic walking.
Babies at one month – usually start to settle into a pattern. Sleep a lot but spend logger periods of time awake. Cry to communicate their needs and parents may recognise the different ones. Learning about the parents and carers may stop crying when they hear familiar voices. Try and focus on people that are holding them (focus is at a distance of 20 to 25cm at this age).
Babies at 3 months - they have quite often grown in weight and height, some have learnt the difference between day and night and will sleep through the night. They are less likely to cry and parents can distinguish what the cries mean more. They tend to sleep less and be more alert and may smile more often to show they know the sound of their carer’s voices and movements.
Babies at 6 months – They are very alert and turn their heads to see what is happening. They enjoy playing and show it by smiling and making squealing noises. They can now grab objects and move it from one hand to another, they can also focus on it and explore it if it’s interesting enough. They show that they are starting to understand a little of what is said to them and try and communicate. They become stronger, able to sit up with things like