In the past, the ability to deduce, percept, and to understand natural language was regarded as the ability only for the humans. However, on these days, because of the technological developments, those abilities dispread to the technological areas. Those technologies are called Artificial Intelligence. Artificial Intelligence means that computers imitating human’s intelligent actions. Artificial Intelligence is a branch of Science which deals with helping machines find solutions to complex problems in a more human-like fashion. This generally involves borrowing characteristics from human intelligence, and applying them as algorithms in a computer friendly way. Artificial intelligence had been advanced for such a long time and still progressing rapidly. Today, in our real life, we can easily meet artificial intelligence everywhere. We are using artificial intelligence in our daily life. Due to the progress of artificial intelligence there are lots of benefit .However, if there is benefit, there also can be demerits. There are many standpoints about artificial intelligence and about its future.
1. The meaning and definition of the Artificial Intelligence Artificial intelligence is the intellect that humans gave to the computers and robots. Or it can be defined as modeling of human thinking by computer. Intelligence is ability to not repeat same mistake, or ability to recognize the problem. These abilities are called learning ability. To give learning ability to computer, there have to be interactions between humans and computers. The interactions between them are achieved by computer language. To save learned ability from humans, computers have to understand those data from humans. Artificial intelligence is handling highly difficult problems like perfect knowledge, thinking, judging, and memorization. So the complicated statistical calculating programs are not artificial intelligence, but the verification of hypothesis can apply to artificial intelligence. Verifying hypothesis is the technique that mastered through lots of experiences and discipline, so programming artificial intelligence computer is very hard.
Artificial intelligence is related with various academic areas like data progressing, psychology, philology, and engineering. Therefore artificial intelligence gain great deal of new ideas from diverse academic areas.
2. History of Artificial Intelligence
The realization of the area about the Artificial Intelligence was in 1940s.In the beginning, the study about Artificial Intelligence was very simple. But down the ages the study about the artificial intelligence progressed briskly, and these days the area of artificial intelligence is so extensive. So today the technology of artificial intelligence advanced very delicately. Thinking machines and artificial beings appear in Greek myths, such as Talos of Crete, the bronze robot of Hephaestus, and Pygmalion's Galatea. Human likenesses believed to have intelligence were built in every major civilization: animated cult images were worshipped in Egypt and Greece and humanoid automatons were built by Yan Shi, Hero of Alexandria and Al-Jazari. It was also widely believed that artificial beings had been created by Jābir ibn Hayyān, Judah Loew and Paracelsus. By the 19th and 20th centuries, artificial beings had become a common feature in fiction, as in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein or Karel Čapek's R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots). Pamela McCorduck argues that all of these are examples of an ancient urge, as she describes it, "to forge the gods". Stories of these creatures and their fates discuss many of the same hopes, fears and ethical concerns that are presented by artificial intelligence. Mechanical or "formal" reasoning has been developed by philosophers and mathematicians since antiquity. The study of logic led directly to the invention of the programmable digital electronic computer, based on the work of mathematician Alan Turing and others. Turing's theory...
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