Definitions and Theory of Intelligence
Intelligence is the ability to process and assimilate information. To use it with facility to solve problems, produce abstract thought, and formulate hypothesis and test them. According to authors Cohen & Swerdlik, “in general, intelligence includes the abilities to:
• acquire and apply knowledge
• reason logically
• plan effectively
• infer perceptively
• make sound judgments and solve problems
• grasp and visualize concepts
• pay attention
• be intuitive
• find the right words and thoughts with facility
• Cope with, adjust to, and make the most of new situations (Cohen & Swerdlik, 2010).
There are many theories of intelligence. One theory was developed by the developmental psychologist Jean Piaget. Piaget theorized that there are four stages of cognitive development; sensor motor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational (Cohen & Swerdlik, 2010). There is also the theory of multiple intelligence which is a theory developed by Gardner, discuss intrapersonal and interpersonal intelligence (Cohen & Swerdlik, 2010). Raymond Cattell also developed a theory of intelligence, “the theory
References: Cohen, R. J. & Swerdlik, M. E. (2010). Psychological testing and assessment: An introduction to tests and measurement (7th ed.). New York: McGraw Hill. Naglieri, J. A., & Das, J. (1997). Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Pearson. (2009). Wechsler Individual Achievement Test-Third Edition. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Harcourt Assessment, I. (2003). Stanford Achievement Test, Tenth Edition. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Shearer, C. (2005). MIDAS: The Multiple Intelligences Development Assessment Scales [Revised]. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.