Behavior: Leadership behaviors are a function of intelligence, personality traits, emotional intelligence values, attitudes, interests, knowledge, and experience. Leader behavior reflects an interaction between personality traits and various situational factors. Over time, leaders learn and discern the most appropriate and effective behaviors. Individual difference and situational variables play a pivotal role in a leader’s behavior. Changing behavior, especially long-standing patterns of behavior, can be quite difficult. Learning how to change one’s own behavior and others’ behaviors is a key leadership skill. Knowing how to change and modify followers’ behaviors so that it helps the followers and the organization’s success is very important. Behaviors are thought to be more malleable than traits, thus they can be taught to managers to increase their leadership abilities and effectiveness (Norris, 2000).
Intelligence: Intelligence is an umbrella term describing a property of the mind including related abilities, such as the capacities for abstract thought, understanding, communication, reasoning, learning, learning from the experience, planning, and problem solving (Wikipedia, 2010). Intelligence is susceptible to modification through the manipulation of environment. Understanding intelligence is divided into three components:
Analytic intelligence Helps in problem solving skills and learning from experience