PROVISION AND MANAGEMENT OF SPORTS FACILITIES IN NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES IN THE 20TH CENTURIES ABSTRACT
The most important factors of consideration in planning any sports programme is facility. Despite its importance; enough attention is not accorded to it our universities. The negligence alongside with many other factors has contributed immensely to inadequate or lack of provision and development of sports facilities in the universities. Factors such as economic situation in the country couple with land tenure system, geographical location and the climate with management by owner and not-for-profit operations have contributed to the 20th century universities in Nigeria provision and management of sports facilities in their jurisdiction. Therefore, the development of sports facilities and precaution towards workability should be the watch word of the Nigeria universities management. The paper examined the provision and management of sports facilities in Nigerian universities. The article discussed the concept of facilities, management of facilities and different methods that can be used in the management of Nigeria Universities facilities in the 20th century. Bearing in mind that construction of sports facilities cost a fortune, the paper therefore suggested that Nigeria Universities facilities should be commercialized for proper maintenance. The paper also recommended that new generation universities should be encouraged to host games so that they could be forced to construct sport facilities which could later be used for recreational purposes and future competitions.
The basic introduction in the development of any sports is the availability of adequate facilities both indoor and outdoor for use when needed. Ideally, there should be provision of sufficient indoor and outdoor facilities in our university. Obviously, this is not the case in Nigeria. Facilities are permanent and non-moveable materials used in sports which may be used for either competition or recreational purposes. Ituh (1992) stated that facilities for sports are those permanently constructed indoor or outdoor structures that are meant for sports used. The actual facilities may include athletics 400m track, football pitch, courts for handball, basketball, badminton or gymnasium, swimming pool, while facilities that are improvised may include open ground where children play soccer, rivers and streams used as swimming pool, trees for horizontal and vertical bars, it is therefore pertinent to state that no matter the level of improvised facilities, they cannot perform the expected functions of original facilities during competitions. The place of facilities in the organization and administration sports cannot be set aside or totally neglected. It is important to note that provision of facilities is one of the essential ingredients in sports, therefore is a sine-qua-non to the success of organization and administration of sports. Akinsanmi (1989) stated that facilities and equipment are some of the determinants of physical education curriculum as standardized curriculum cannot be formulated without them. Abubakar (1991) supporting Bucher (1983) stated that facilities and equipment are related. If facilities are available adequate and well maintained there is every possibility of having a good programme. He further stated that facilities and equipment are fundamental factors and a sensitive area in physical education programme. Oyeniyi (2002) asserted that facilities and equipment are the power house of sport; hence they are indispensable to competitive and recreational sports. In the same vein Etim (1986) noted that provision of good and well-equipped facilities are among other essential factors that are necessary for effective administration and management of sports. Stressing the importance of facilities in competition most especially in the Olympic, Smith (2001) stated that an entire infrastructure of facilities, transportation systems,...
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