January 9, 2012
In Bury, Lancashire, on February 5, 1788, the “Father” of modern day policing was born. Through his work and studies of public service, Sir Robert Peel developed principles and policies that have impacted what is considered modern day policing. He created what is commonly known as the Peelian Principles. While Sir Robert Peel’s principles still stand out in law enforcement policies today, nine points of policing stand true today.
Sir Robert Peel attended Harrow School and Christ Church in Oxford, where he studied classics and mathematics. He was raised to be a politician. At the age of twenty one, his father bought him a parliamentary seat of Cashel in County Tipperary. He later was appointed to the office of home secretary of Ireland, where he attempted to bring an end of corruption in Irish government. (Spartacus Educational, 2012)
One of Peel’s greatest accomplishments that significantly impacted today’s policing is how he revamped law enforcement in London. After hearing a lot of concern from the parliament for safety of citizens, he developed principles, which today are known as the Peelian Principles. They are as follows: * Every police officer should be issued an identification number, to assure accountability for his actions. * Whether the police are effective is not measured on the number of arrests, but on the crime rate decreasing. * Above all else, an effective authority figure knows trust and accountability are paramount. Hence, Peel’s most often quoted principle: The police are the public and the public are the police. (Lentz, Chaires, 2007, Peelian Principles)
The first principle mentioned is that every police officer should be issued an identification number, assuring accountability for his/her actions. This principle is still used across the country. Most municipalities issue their police officers with a badge number. Everything an