In this paper the author will examine and assess the culture concerns and influences in today’s society along with the mixed culture as it directly relates to the effect it has on the criminal justice system. The author will address how does the concerns of the culture effect justice and security administration and practices, contemporary methods used in societies with mixed cultures, how do these influences relate and affect nondiscrimination practices, and if the famous criminal justice historian Sir Robert Peels nine principles to organize a police department were presented today would these methods and theories work.
To begin this paper the author would have the reader look at some of the culture concerns society has on the criminal justice system. Some of these culture concerns would be explained in the community policing is based on Peel's concept of prevention. Community policing has been embraced by many law enforcement organizations across our country. Community policing is based on its goal to prevent crime and promote better police-community partnerships. According to Friedmann Community policing requires an investment in training with special attention to problem analysis and problem solving, facilitation, community organization; communication, mediation and conflict resolution, resource identification and use, networking and linkages, and cross-cultural competency. (Friedmann)
In 1855, one of the critical author was known as Robert Peel that proposed a Bill which became law; entitled ‘Bill for Improving the Police in and near the Metropolis’, which became the basis for modern policing; because many early police archives have been destroyed, it is not certain that Peel did compose these nine principles that is still is being used as of today they are described as The basic mission for which the police exist is to prevent crime and disorder; The ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon public approval of police actions; Police must secure the willing co-operation of the public in voluntary observance of the law to be able to secure and maintain the respect of the public; The degree of co-operation of the public that can be secured diminishes proportionately to the necessity of the use of physical force; Police seek and preserve public favor not by catering to public opinion but by constantly demonstrating absolute impartial service to the law; Police use physical force to the extent necessary to secure observance of the law or to restore order only when the exercise of persuasion, advice and warning is found to be insufficient; Police, at all times, should maintain a
relationship with the public that gives reality to the historic tradition that the police are the public and the public are the police; the police being only members of the public who are paid to give full-time attention to duties which are incumbent on every citizen in the interests of community welfare and existence; Police should always direct their action strictly towards their functions and never appear to usurp the powers of the judiciary; The test of police efficiency is the absence of crime and disorder, not the visible evidence of police action in dealing with it.
The question at hand is would Robert Peel’s famous nine principles to organize a police department work in today’s society. The writer would extremely believe so because without having community policing in place citizens in any particular neighborhood would not have trust or respect in the police department, In return not having community policing set in place would end up in more frequent criminal activity along with less crime solving due to the citizens in the community not wanting to help the police. The writer would have the reader to believe that these types of practices are common in more upscale neighborhoods and that where the economics are flowing; on the other hand where poverty and drugs are...
References: Friedmann, R. R. Community Policing: comparative perspectives and prospects
Webster’s New College Dictionary 2008 (3rd Ed.). : Houghton Mifflin Company.
History of the nine principles of policing briefing document at magnacartaplus.mht
New York City Police Department, Fact Sheet, New York City’s Arab Communities. Available on the Vera Institute Web site at www.vera.org.
University of Nebraska at Omaha and the Latino Peace Officers Association, Police Outreach to the Hispanic/Latino Community: A Survey of Programs and Activities (Omaha: University of Nebraska at Omaha, 2002).
Bureau of the Census, Hispanic Population in the United States: March, 2002 (Washington, DC: Bureau of the Census, 2003).
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