Schools as organisations
* There are several types of providers of the EYFS, such as reception and nursery classes within schools, registered childminders, day nurseries, playgroups and after school and breakfast clubs.
* There are four main types of mainstream state schools which are all funded be local authorities. These are known as maintained schools. They have to follow National Curriculum and include * Community schools these are run and owned by the local authority they also support the school in developing links with the local community and providing support services. * Foundation and trust schools. Foundation and trust schools are run by their own governing body which determines the admissions policy with the local education authority. The school will have to buy in any support services. The decision to be trust school is made from the governing body in consultation with parents. * Voluntary schools – there are two types
* Voluntary aided schools are mainly faith schools although anyone can apply for a place. They are run by their own governing body. Although the land is normally owned by a religious organisation. * Voluntary controlled schools are similar although they are run and fund by local authority, which also employs the staff. The land and buildings are often owned by a charity which is often a religious organisation. * Specialist school these are normally secondary schools which can apply for specialist status to develop one or two subject specialism. They will receive additional government funding for this as well. Around 92 per cent of secondary schools in England have specialist status.
* Once a young person finishes year 11 they have different options available to them they can choose to go on to further education this can be either within the school in the sixth form or they could go to college The qualifications that can be gained through further education are:
• AS and A levels- are full time courses studying mainly academic subjects but also some work related subjects and are generally taken over 2 years.
• Diplomas- are when the student is still based in their school or college but they have the chance to learn in other settings such as the work place or a college giving them a taste of what to expect in that particular occupation.
• Key skills- these are designed to prepare students for the working environment and are usually run alongside or are included in other courses although are available on their own.
Other options are:
• Apprenticeships-a more hands on role, learning through work in an apprenticeship where they gain qualifications while working within the job position, with this option they can gain valuable hands on experience, training as well as gaining a qualification while earning a wage at the same time.
• BTEC’s- are usually studied at school or college they are work based qualifications that are a mix between practical and theory and some work experience.
• NVQ’s- these can be taken either at school/college, through a placement or in the work place. They are based on the student’s skills, knowledge and their competence of doing the job.
* The school governor’s responsibilities are to set targets for pupil achievements, managing the school finances, reviewing staff performance and pay, appointing staff and making sure the curriculum is balanced and broadly based.
* Senior management team the senior management team work with the headmaster, which share the responsibilities for all aspects of school leadership and management. The senior management are responsible for planning and directing the work of groups of individuals, monitoring their work and taking corrective action when necessary.
* SENCO The Special Needs Co-Ordinator. Their role is to set and manage the strategic direction of the school. They also lead changes and generally make sure that the school is doing its best to...
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