1.The three things that John Locke states the government must provide that the state of nature lacks are: 1. A set of clear written laws for the settlement of particular conflicts and issues involving social order. 2. Impartial judge to interpret and uphold the written laws. 3. Force that is able to execute the necessary set laws. The conditions that Locke sets for the extent and power of the legislative body are: 1. “It can not be absolutely arbitrary over the lives and fortunes of the people.” 2. “It can not assume power to rule by extemporary arbitrary decrees, but is bound to dispense justice and decide the rights of the subject by promulgated standing laws, and known authorized judges.” 3. “It can not take from any man any part of his property without his own consent: for the preservation of property being the end of government, and for which men enter into society, it necessarily supposes and requires, that the people should have property, without which they must be supposed to loose that, by entering into society, which was the end for which they entered into it.” 4. “It can not transfer the power of making laws to any other hands: for it being but a delegated power from the people, they who have it cannot pass it over to others.” John Locke responds to the charge , “democracy will do nothing but invite rebellion after rebellion”. By stating the use of democracy will help the people and not cause them problems. Democracy will make life for the people easier and eliminate rebellion.
2. The moral themes of telling the truth that came from Billy Budd were in the form of vulnerability of innocence, individual versus the society, and the conscience versus the law. The moral theme vulnerability of innocence, shows how people can be deceptive without cause. Billy winds up in a situation because of his vulnerability at the hands of others. Billy doesn't want to believe people are capable of doing wrong, he is naïve in the...
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