Psychology, Theology, and Spirituality
McMinn, M. (1996). Psychology, Theology, and Spiritual in Christian Counseling: Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers. McMinn (1996) presents a comprehensive model on counseling process and techniques, as well as problems counselor faces in interdisciplinary integration within counseling, while maintaining a profession and personal life with clients. McMinn (1996) point out that Christian counselors are healing agents, therefore in interdisciplinary integration counselors must evaluate the goals and challenge the view of healing in mental health profession. In addition, Christian counselor techniques various, and the problem their facing are not spiritual-guidance techniques, but choosing the correct techniques (McMinn, 1996). Next, McMinn (1996) indicates that Christian counseling is multifaceted, given that counselors deals with spiritual growth and mental health. Thus to help clients reach a healthy sense of self McMinn (1996) offers a simple model of healing from a psychological and spiritual perspective. Psychological and spiritual health requires an accurate sense of self, accurate sense of need, and understanding of healing relationship by the grace of God (McMinn, 1996). He suggests that â€œeffective counseling requires an ongoing assessment of treatment goals and the client, as well as an accurate self-assessment of the counselorâ€ (McMinn, 1996 p. 56). When we integrate foundational perspective of psychological, theological and spiritual-formation, a model of psychological and spiritual health is produced to help with the professional challenges Christian counselor faces in intradisciplinary integration (McMinn, 1996). The remaining chapters covers how foundational perspectives relevance to Christian counseling, evaluating model of psychological and spiritual health, and six challenges for intradisciplinary integration (McMinn, 1996).
McMinn (1996) examines the effect of prayer and use of prayer in counseling, how prayer is use in varies setting, and ways prayer can be integrate in counseling. Prayer is describes as â€œasking God for something and reflecting on God Character as a form of worship, whereas Spirituality invite us to enter into a place of rest and renewal. Prayer allows us to humble ourselves and worship God and take our concern directly to him. McMinn (1996) suggests for counselor to understand effective prayer they must first evaluate their personal life. Then the interventional use of scriptures, varies authors utilizes scriptures to integrate with psychological science and suggest eight ways scripture influence Christian counseling and psychologists. As a caution, scriptures in counseling can introduce risk reducing client freedom and imposing therapistâ€™s value on them (McMinn 1996). The next four chapters McMinn address the concept of sin, confession, forgiveness, and redemption. First, from a theology perspective sin is an original part of our character. Sin is our sickness. Ever since the fall of Adam, every human being has struggled with sin (McMinn, 1996 p. 134). Then McMinn (1996) point out five approaches in which sin can be confronted. Second, the effects on public and private confession, how guilt and confession leads to forgiveness and restoration, and â€œhow confession brings psychological growth and spiritual renewalâ€ McMinn, 1996, p. 181). Third, McMinn (1996) addresses forgiveness in its theological and spiritual context, as profound, life giving, and transforming. Finally, McMinn (1996) define redemption is an act of buying back or recovering by paying back. He explained redemption for a â€œgeneral act of redemptionâ€ for various hardships, as well redemption through Christ. McMinn concluded that Christian Counseling must multitasking integrating psychology, theology, and...
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