Submitted To :
Maryam Shabbir MB13-13
Sidra Nasir MB13-18 Ali Gillani MB13-34 Rana javed Iqbal MB13-62
Smoking among Students of grade (10th and 12th)
Despite knowing about the deadly diseases that smoking can cause, there is an increasing trend in its popularity . The problem on which we base the research are :
Are all the students who smoke actually aware of the harmful effects? If they are then why they are still having it? Are not they get enough education about the diseases cause by smoking?
The age of smoking initiation has dropped over the past four decades. Since behaviors and attitudes adopted in late childhood or early adolescence predicts future smoking, it is important to understand the smoking and other risk-taking behaviors and attitudes of children aged 12 and younger. There supports the idea of early identification and targeting of children at high risk of smoking in middle school, possibly as early as grade seven.
2-Objectives of the Study:
a- There is a need to amicably evaluate such knowledge, attitude as well as behavior of school children those in 10th and 12th grade and inform them with regards to the consequences of smoking mostly affecting their health conditions;
b- There is utmost goal for describing substantial affective factors associated with the presence of smoking among school children (grades 10 and 12) that can be through school and health campaigns showing the students that smoking is really dangerous to their health c- To develop educational information for schools to teach students about negative effects on health
Benefits of the Study:-
The benefits could be that the beliefs and attitudes of children smokers towards negative consequences attributed to smoking will be significantly different from those of non-smokers among grade levels and both sex groups. Both smokers and non-smokers can be knowledgeable about health and consequences of smoking. However, certain sense of invulnerability to the health issues will attribute to cigarette smoking and be identified among children smokers of both groups. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
True, that those 10th and 12th grade students who smoke cigarettes have different beliefs and attitudes towards smoking than those who do not smoke. Therefore, it is necessary to develop educational curricula for schools to teach students about negative effects on health when it comes to smoking during middle yet young age. Thus, such essential facet of the curricula in schools should emphasize useful and effective ways to empower school children with life skills needed in overcoming strong reality of peer pressure that can greatly encourage them to smoke often as it should be. Thus, schools should be encouraged to conduct regular prevalence studies, develop appropriate curricula, ban smoking on the premises and involve parents fully. Educational programs should begin by about age 8-10, with high priority for the 11-15 age groups. Programs based on education for personal growth are probably preferable to purely information giving approaches, but both can be effective if the learner is actively involved. The students should be educated that smoking cannot make them look good and grown up and feel relaxed and it cannot help them to cope with stress or solve their problems and is appropriate to focus on modifying students attitude toward smoking. Also, the banning of cigarette advertisement is useful as directly and or indirectly should take control of policy in helping discourage school children to involve in smoking.
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