Many students complain about studying and study habits. There are many things to help this common problem. By studying what Ive learned about memory and learning, I will use this information to assess my own study habits and make them more effective. Encoding information in short-term memory is stored according to the way it sounds, the way it looks, or its meaning. Verbal information is encoded by sound, even if it is written rather than heard. Visual encoding in short-term memory is greater than encoding by sound. To help with studying, a student should look at the material they are trying to learn and read it out loud or study out loud. A student who is studying should look at a diagram of what they are trying to learn, either by drawing a map, drawing pictures, or a diagram to help better understand the material. To maintain all of this information, the student should use rote rehearsal or maintenance rehearsal by repeating the information over and over again. The student can either do this silently or aloud. This can only help with studying if the student re-reads the information over and over until it can be easily remembered. This method is only effective for a short period of time. Encoding in long-term memory usually refers to remembering things by meaning, such as the national anthem. While studying things you want to be stored in long-term memory, students should also use rote rehearsal. This process should be used for more meaningless material. By using elaborate rehearsal, students can extract the meaning of information and link it to as much material possible that is already in long-term memory. If a student wishes to store their information theyve learned through elaborate rehearsal, they can use the special technique called mnemonics, which is things such as rhymes and jingles. While studying, a student could take the information they are trying to learn and turn it into a silly rhyme or jingle so that everytime they repeat the rhyme or jingle...
References: Morris, C. G., & Maisto, A. A. (2013). Understanding Psychology (10th ed.). : Pearson.
Carey, B. (2010, September 7). MIND; Forget What You Know About Good Study Habits. MIND. Retrieved May 7, 2014, from http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html? res=9C05E6DB1431F934A3575AC0A9669D8B63&ref=benedictcarey
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