This course, BEH225, has spent the past nine weeks introducing us to different human behaviors and specific types of mental disorders. When exploring theories and concepts associated with the psychology of the human mind, you quickly discover that genetics does play as big a role as does upbringing. I specifically enjoyed the section that explored different types of motivation an employee may or may not display. Another area that I found to be enlightening delved into the various psychological disorders that we may encounter during our life. I am going to apply what we have studied throughout this course to my interview with Dorothy. Certain aspects, methods, and attitudes are going to be explored, such as memory, learning, intelligence, personality, cognition, motivation, and testing of Dorothy and myself.
Memory and Learning
Do you remember or memorize information easily?
Understanding different learning styles is important when evaluating how a person processes information. A learning style is simply a form of learning or an approach a person takes to learn and memorize information (LdPride.net, n.d). Possessing an understanding of how she receives and processes information helps the interviewer to be more organized. As a result when deciding how easily she remembers information, she refers to reading a book and observing a behavior as examples. Because the interviewer is a visual learner, he remembers information easier through observation. When asking Dorothy the same question she responded, “I remember more details when I observe a behavior, as opposed to reading about something, but I do not need to be directly involved”. The interviewer’s response is “it is much easier for me to remember details when I observe them. I prefer to be directly involved, especially if it is something I have to repeat”.
What learning strategies do you use so the information learned remains in your long-term memory?
“Long-term memory is a system for permanently storing, managing, and retrieving information for later use. Items of information stored as long-term memory may be available for a lifetime” (Medicine.Net, 2004, Para. 1). When asking her the question about her process for remembering things over a long period, Dorothy responded, “I remember new information by associating it to something I already know, and then I store it in my long-term memory and link it to other similar information until it is ready to be re-called”.
The interviewer’s response was very similar to the interviewee. He stated, “I link the information processed to already stored information, kind of like a comparison. The only problem is that if the information is not important or is boring, I tend to disregard it”.
Observational Learning and Environment
What is your preferred studying environment, noisy or quiet?
According to Bandura, observational learning also known as the social learning theory is one of the most distinctive learning styles. This style involves a negative or positive change in the observer’s behavior in accordance with a model behavior through observation and imitation. Observational learning is a form of learning through observation without performing the task (1986).
What most people fail to realize is that environment plays a crucial role on how information is processed, retained and remembered. While some people prefer to study at home with music or noisy background, others prefer to study in a quiet location such as a library. When asking Dorothy what her preferred method for studying is she replied, “I prefer to study in the library because it improves the quality of my understanding to the material I am studying”. In hind-sight, this interviewer responded, “I really do not have time to go the library but I do like to study in a quiet environment. I normally wait until late at...
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Bainbridge, C. (2008). Extrinsic Motivation. Retrieved November 16, 2008, from About.com: http://giftedkids.about.com/od/glossary/g/extrinsic.htm
Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
LdPride.net. (n.d). Learning Styles Explained. Retrieved November 16, 2008, from LdPride.net: http://www.ldpride.net/learningstyles.MI.htm
Medicine.Net. (2004, June 5). Definition of Long-term memory. Retrieved November 16, 2008, from Medicine.Net: http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=15299
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Ryan, R., & Deci, L. (2008). Self-Determination Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic Motivation, Social Development, and Well-Being. American Psychologist , Vol. 55, No. 1, 68-78.
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