The Benefits of Using Novel for English Learning Teaching In Reading Class
By: Astiara Larasati
Literature and language are two things related each other. It can be interpreted that literature is the art of language and language can use its art in learning process. Brumfit and Carter also already emphasized the role of literature as an ally of language. Novel is one of literature’s products that is full with arts. It can be used in English learning teaching to make the learning process be more creative and interesting especially in reading. These are three benefits of using novel in reading class.
First of all, novel improves vocabulary expansion and reading skills of the learners. Krashen and Coady argues that it is through extensive reading, that learners acquire most of their vocabulary, and that instruction plays a rather insignificant role as the number of words learned is concerned. In classic novels, the learners can find many classic words or combined words that create new meanings. For examples, in classic or old words, a ship is not only a ship but a sea-goer, a sea-boat, a sea-wood, or a wave floater. A sailor is a sea-traveller, a seaman, or a sea-soldier. Reading novel gradually also improves reading skills such as skimming and scanning.
The second benefit of English learning teaching by reading novel is to improve student's general cultural awareness. Literature represents a language or people included culture and tradition. According to Harris and Harris’ statement, literature mirrors national culture. Literature can therefore acquaint students with the aesthetic, moral and spiritual values of the nation and the rules of the social system for C. Scott & Adeyanju’s opinion. It means that the learners can learn various cultures by reading various novels from various countries. So, the learners know how to act or to react when they are being in other countries or meet with foreign people. The plot of the novel, the behavior of characters,...
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