According to Ford (1992), Information technology is the development, implementation, and maintenance of computer hardware and software systems to organize and communicate information electronically. In this paper, I will discuss what is information technology, current problems in IT, how to protect information in an IT environment, and the effectiveness of the protection.
What is information technology?
Information Technology (IT) is concerned with the use of technology in managing, especially in large organizations. In particular, IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and retrieve information (Hiles 2002). For that reason, computer professionals are often called IT specialists or Business Process Consultants, and the division of a company or university that deals with software technology is often called the IT department. Other names for the latter are information services (IS) (Hiles 2002).
Information technology has made great progress in business and in the education Sector. In the United Kingdom education system, Information Technology was formally integrated into the school curriculum when the National Curriculum was devised. It was quickly realized that the work covered was useful in all subjects (Forester 2005). With the arrival of the Internet and the broadband connections to all schools, the application of IT knowledge, skills and understanding in all subjects became a reality.
Current problems in Information Technology
Currently, there are many problems with Information Technology; some of the problems are viruses, hackers, data privacy, and other major organizational problems. One of the biggest problems is privacy. Privacy is defined as the right of an individual or business to determine when, how, and how much information about them should be disclosed to others (Grandinetti 1996).
According to Grandinetti (1996), the Internet
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