Immobility and Motor Function
Breckenridge School of Nursing
January 13, 2014
Motor function: a highly complex process involving muscle’s and nerve’s from all systems in the body. Motor function involves motion’s that reflex both to surrounding environments and learned behavior. All motor function depends on the musculoskeletal system’s structural stability for optimal performance and quality of life. Immobility causes musculoskeletal deterioration and “is manifested in three major complications: osteoporosis, contractures, and decubitus ulcers” (Edith V. Olsen, 1967, pg.788). Let us explore three major complications however, several musculoskeletal conditions may result from immobility. Studies show in most cases provided a knowledgeable nursing staff and early implemented interventions, cases of preventable complications significantly decreases.Immobility and Motor Function Recent studies only confirmed with an in depth evidence-base what previously realized: immobility bares consequence’s that devastate a patient’s recovery. New evidence does give better frameworks for implementing early care resulting in shorter hospital stays and quicker recovery times. According to the Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, particularly when patients with more traumatic experiences in the ICU or a long term stay (Dammeyer, 2013). Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis affects the bone itself, affecting both necessary parts to keep the bone structure in a state of equilibrium, Osteoblast cells that form the osseous matrix and its calcium. This affects necessary normal motor activity “since osteoblasts depend upon stresses and strains of mobility and weight bearing for proper functioning” (Edith V. Olsen, 1967, pg.788). The lack of daily stresses in immobile patients changes the bone composition and starts a decalcification process. This results in the condition known as osteoporosis. A condition easily susceptible to fractures...
References: Dammeyer, J., Dickinson, S., Packard, D., Baldwin, N., & Ricklemann, C. (2013). Building a protocol to guide mobility in the ICU. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 36(1), 37-49.
Edith V. Olsen, R. E. (1967). The Hazards of Immobility . American Journal of Nursing , 788- 790.
Joseph, J., & Davies Clifton. (2013). Nurses ' knowledge of pressure ulcer risk assessment. Nursing Standard, 27(33), 54-60.
Walker, J. (2012). An overview of musculoskeletal conditions. British Journal of Healthcare Management, 18(2), 78-85.
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