Individual and Person
1 Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals
1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals
Our bodies have many muscles and bones, these working together help the human body move. Certain muscles with certain bones will work together to move the part of the body. When a muscle contracts it will pull the bones at the joint in the correct direction that it is designed to move. When mobility is reduced and muscles do not get exercise these muscles will be floppy and will make movement slower and more difficult. When moving people it is important not to over stretch the joint as this can cause pain and may also cause damage the joint. There are nerve fibres throughout the body and these send impulses to the muscles and this make the muscle contract or relax. Poor moving and handling techniques can damage these nerve fibres.
1.2 Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual
There are many conditions that can impact on movement and positioning of people. People with arthritis normally have stiff painful joints and are limited movement in certain areas. When moving or positioning a person it is important to take care doing this so there is reduced pain and discomfort. Some people may suffer from cerebral palsy, as a result of this, some of their muscles may be contracted or joints will be causing a fixed rigid limb. Anyone who is looking after someone who has cerebral palsy will need to ensure they use effective communication and be careful whilst moving and handling them.
2 Understand current legislation and agreed ways of working when moving and positioning individuals
2.1 Describe how current legislation and agreed ways of working affect working practices related to moving and positioning