How significant was the First World War in bringing about the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II in March 1917?
The abdication of the Tsar in 1917 is still talked about today; the reasons are still disputed to this day. There are three main views; the optimist view which states that Russia was on the right path but the First World War slipped Russia into revolution. This view is supported by A.Gerschenkron who says, “That in the absence of war, Russia could have continued in the road of progressive westernisation”. The second is the Marxist view which suggests that Russia was on the verge of revolution until war broke out. In addition, this view also comes with the idea that war was ultimately good for Russia as it unified the country under the Tsar, but also it suggests that as the war prolonged, Russia was heading down the revolutionary path yet again. The last view is called the Synthesis view which suggests Russia’s revolution was going happen no matter but the war was just a catalyst in this process. The view that I agree with is the synthesis view, the idea that revolution was coming but war sped up the process. The main reason I agree with this is because as oppression increases the people become radical and we already saw this in ‘1905 revolution’, there are also many examples of this happening in modern day history. Nicholas II would be the Tsar that Russia would ever have, the Romanov dynasty would wiped out along with Nicholas II and his family. The Tsar was a caring father and a dutiful husband which could ultimately be the reason he abdicated, to protect his family but ended the way in he and his family would die. Because of his abdication. Russia was facing a series of problems when Nicholas II came to the throne; he had a series of poor harvest in 1891, 1892, 1898 and 1901. To complement this situation there was a serious rise in population. In 1796 the rural population was 35 million and this represented 96.4% of the population, whereas in 1897...
Bibliography: Patrick Buchanan- Churchill, Hitler and the unnecessary war
Tsuyoshi Hasegawa- The February Revolution
A.Gerschenkron- Europe in the Russian Mirror
Haimson Ibid- Page 627 Ministervo Torgovl
Christopher Hill- Lenin and the Russian Revolution
Please join StudyMode to read the full document