History of metalworking

Topics: Steel, Iron, Smelting Pages: 2 (750 words) Published: May 30, 2014
The advancement of metalworking over the years

Metalworking is a process that has been around since 5000 bc,it involves shaping and molding malleable metals into usable objects and tools. It’s what allows a civilization to thrive and without it we would still be living in the stone age. Metalworking is what makes a city a city; its product supports ours bridges and buildings. It allows us to travel more easily, and make both art and war. Without metalworking modern life would not be as it is today.

The history of metalworking begins around 7,000 years ago in what is now known as Turkey and east Iran where early settlers would bang on copper found in the earth’s crust until it took the shape desired. By doing so, they were able to form crude tools and weapons such as farming hoes shovels and chisels. The tools and weapons fashioned were able to hold a sharper edge and greater durability while also being easier than stone to work with. Copper was the material of choice in ancient civilizations until a mixture of copper and tin was smelted together and the discovery of bronze was made.

The Bronze age was an exciting time. Never before had early settlers been able to take two elements and form them together to make a stronger better alloy. With the discovery of bronze metallurgy was born. metallurgy is the study of metals and their production and purification. Bronze was used from around 3000 bc to 2000 bc “True bronze (a copper-tin alloy) did not appear until around 3000 BC.”only being passed at first by iron and later by steel. Iron had been around as long as bronze but it offered little advantage as it was harder to form not as durable and didn't keep an edge as well as bronzed did. its only plus side being that it was more abundant in the earths crust and easier to get. Iron on its own was nothing special but when carbon was added a truly amazing discovery was made, steel.

Steel was truly heaven sent, it held its form better and was harder and more...
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