Various people viewed the character and condition of Greeks in the Ottoman Empire during the Greek movement for independence in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. During the eighteenth century, Greeks living in exile began to appeal to their fellow Greeks to free themselves from Ottoman rule. Greek nationalists urged Greeks living throughout the Balkans and Asia Minor to revolt against their Turkish Muslim rulers. An uprising in March 1821 began a nine year war for independence several thousand European volunteers fought on the Greek side, while many more raised money and spread pro-Greek views in Europe. Intervention by Russian, French and English forces in 1827 and 1828 ultimately forced the Turks to grant Greek independence, which was formally established by a multipower treaty in 1830. Sneyd Davis, an English writer, wrote a poem to his friend and neighbor Dr. Thomas Taylor, in 1744. In it he writes about how Athens was after it was taken by the Turks. He says that it was deserted, it was noiseless, and it was empty. Once a place filled with joy but now all that remains are Turkish soldiers and captains. In his poem, the words he used show his empathy and his hatred for the Turks. It shows how sad and angry he is that Athens has been taken. Mustapha III, the Turkish sultan, orders his governor in northern Greece to repress raids by Greeks, in 1765. He says that the robbers lead the district of Larissa to rebellion. He wants the people to arrest and imprison the robbers, take back the stolen goods, animals, and any ransom money, and lastly to cleanse the place of “evildoers.” Mustapha III shows how angry he is by writing about these robbers. He shows that there is hope by ordering the people to do certain things to help bring to town back to normal. Claude Etienne Savary, French scholar of Greek and Arabic, wrote a letter in 1788. In it he writes, the facts...
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