Critique of a Grand Theory
Wheeling Jesuit University
Ida Jean Orlando is a well-known theorist in the realm of nursing. Orlando was born in 1926 and had a diverse nursing career which involved many titles and roles within the profession. Originally she received her diploma of nursing in 1947 at the New York Medical College. Over the years Orlando continued her education and in 1954 earned her Master’s degree in mental health consultation from Columbia University. Orlando worked as a staff nurse in many different areas of nursing and as a graduate of a Master’s program participated in research at Yale. It was 1961 when she published her first book titled “The Dynamic Nurse-Patient Relationship: Function, Process, and Principles.” This would not be her only publication in what turned out to be a very successful career. It wasn’t until 2006 that Orlando retired from the nursing profession (George, 2010).
Orlando’s theory development began through her research in mental health while at Yale. She received a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to conduct her study. The study was focused on nursing curriculum and how mental health principles were included into it during that time. Through this research Orlando came to the conclusion that nurse’s perspective on a patient directly affected the communication between the nurse and the patient. Orlando then continued on in her research into these principles and put them into practice again at McLean Hospital in Massachusetts (George, 2010).
According to Orlando nursing is to be unique to each specific patient, based on each patient’s specific need. The process of nursing is to receive proper training to perform the discipline and communicate with the patient effectively and individually. Each situation is very different according to the person and must be treated as such. There are no specific set of guidelines, according to Orlando, which can be used in nursing. Nurse’s,...
Cited: Abdoli, S., & Safavi, S. S. (2010). Nursing students ' immediate responses to distressed clients based on orlando 's theory. Iranian journal of nursing and midwifery research, 15(4), 178-184. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3093185/
George, J.B. (Ed.)(2011). Nursing theories: The base for professional practice (6th ed). Norwalk, Connecticut: Appleton & Lange.
Reed, P.G., & Shearer, N.C. (2012). Perspectives on nursing theory (6th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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