Use grid below to complete the Week 4-Nursing Theorists assignment. Please see the “Nursing Theorists’ Grading Criteria” document, located on the Materials page of the student Web site.
Theorist Selected: Ida Jean Orlando Pelletier
Description of Theory: Ida Orlando developed the theory that nurses are people who act deliberately. “Orlando’s theory is a reflective practice theory that is based on discovering and resolving problematic situations. If the problem is not discovered, it cannot be solved. The centrality of the patient is ever present when using Orlando’s theory (Schmieding, 1983).” Ida Jean Orlando's deliberative nursing process is a nursing theory that allows nurses to be creative and effective nursing care plan that can be tailored when and if any problem come up with the patient. The deliberate nursing process has five stages; assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. There are five concepts mentioned by Alligood (2010):
• Professional nursing function—organizing principle
• Patient’s presenting behavior—problematic situation
• Immediate reaction—internal response
• Deliberative nursing process—reflective inquiry
Theory’s Historical background: Ida Jean Orlando was born in 1926 in New York City. Orlando was educated as a nurse at New York Medical College, received a Bachelor’s of Science degree in public health at St. John’s University. Ms. Orlando received a Master’s of Arts degree in mental health nursing from Teacher’s College, Columbia University. In the 1950’s the government was very charitable with grants for the integration of mental health into nursing. Ida Orlando was an associate professor at Yale School of Nursing, and served as the Director of the Graduate Program in Mental Health Psychiatric Nursing. Ms. Orlando became the project investigator for the National Institute of Mental Health grant from Yale University.”