There is no doubt that globalization has had an impact on the nation state. However, it
has been exaggerated that the state has been weakened and the national control over the
economy has been undermined due to the effects of globalization. There are three
different perspectives that respond to globalization; hyper-globalists, skeptics and
transformationalists. All of these perspectives will be discussed throughout the essay,
followed by a conclusive decision as to whether globalization has had a positive or
negative effect on the nation state, as well as the impact on social and economic
inequalities in a society.
Globalization refers to the increased interconnection between regions of the world, the
economic integration and the fast flows of investments, information and trade (Tremblay,
Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh and Scala 349). It is the global forces that transform culture,
politics, finance across the globe, as well as the interconnection of individuals concerned
in terrorism, environmental and social issues. Multinational corporations are important in
areas of the global economy, such as global trade and global production (Tremblay,
Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh and Scala 349). The issue of economic globalization
throughout countries has been debated whether the effects benefit all individuals in
society. The differences of income between individuals with more skill and those with
lower skills increases due to the displacement of production sites to less expensive
countries in development. It is for these actions that the gap between rich and poor is
increasing, therefore the impact of globalization leads to greater economic inequality in
society (Tremblay, Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh and Scala 349). Globalization can be
characterized by the expansion of political, economic and social activities in order for the
individuals and communities can acknowledge the significance of events, activities and
decisions in other regions of the world (Baylis, Smith and Owens 18). In addition, the
branching of interconnections and the intensification of economical activities can be used
in the characterization process. However, globalization should not only be connected to
the interconnection, but the process of changing structure in economical and social
organization within a society as well (Baylis, Smith and Owens 18). Globalization has a
definite impact on social and economic affairs.
In terms of the culture on a global scale, it has been discussed whether globalization
will lead to the mutilation of culture in the world or a universal culture (Tremblay,
Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh and Scala 352). Factors such as language, lifestyles and
religion among different societies are being affected by the globalization of information
exchange through technology, such as the Internet. There is increasing confidence that
globalization will progressively diminish the barriers that have divided individuals
throughout centuries around the world and that it will eventually lead to a peaceful world
(Tremblay, Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh and Scala 353). Despite these ideas, there are
critics who argue that there will be a loss of cultural diversity. However, cultural
globalization advocates cultural diversity, which brings about the preservation of local
and traditional cultures (Tremblay, Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh and Scala 353).
Furthermore, it has contribute to the institutionalization of cultural diversity as an
important factor in multiple organizations and countries, such as Canada whose
multicultural policy prompts a value of diversity (Tremblay, Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh
and Scala 353).
According to hyper-globalists, the globalization of the economy is consequently
creating revolutionary change to control political processes and...
Bibliography: 1. Baylis J., Smith S., & Owens P.(2008). Globalization of the World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations. Fourth Edition. United States, New York. Oxford University Press Inc.
2. Tremblay R.C., Lecours A., Nikolenyi C., Salloukh B., & Scala F. (2007). Mapping the Political Landscape: An Introduction to Political Science. Second Edition. Canada. Nelson College Indigenous.
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