Topics: Ghana, Africa, Accra Pages: 5 (1771 words) Published: September 25, 2013
Ghana: the Gold Coast of Africa; was previously an oppressed colonized country by the British, until March 6, 1957 when they became the first independent African country. The president of Ghana, since 2009, is John Dramani Mahama. The current population is 24.97 million spread over 240,000 square kilometers of land. Ghana is bordered by Ivory Coast to the west, Burkina Faso to the North and Togo to the East. They hold great relationships with all these bordering nations. Ghana is divided into ten regions they are the following: Northern, Eastern, Western, Central, Upper East, Upper West, Volta, Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, and Greater Acrra. Accra is the capital and largest city of Ghana. It contains an international airport and it’s the focus of the country’s railroad system, near Tema, which since 1962 has been the city’s deep-water port. Industries of Ghana include vehicle and appliance assembly, petroleum refining, textiles, metal and wood products, plastics, and pharmaceuticals. The successful city of Accra has a varied appearance with buildings of modern, colonial, and traditional African architecture. During the colonial years the country was invaded by the Portuguese- who was involved in gold trade. They built fortresses to protect their monopoly of gold trade. Also the Portuguese gave the country its first name, the Gold Coast, due the abundance of gold in the country at the time. After the Portuguese, the Dutch took over the country and devoted their interest to the slave trade rather than the trade of gold. In the 19th century Britain purchased Dutch and Danish rights in the area, and in 1876 Christiansburg was made the capital of the Gold Coast Colony. The three separate towns grew and gradually coalesced to form the city of Accra. Much of the modern city's layout was planned in the 1920s, and since then growth has been rapid. Accra remained the capital city, when in 1957 the Gold Coast Colony became the independent state of Ghana. Ghana is blessed with innumerable amounts of natural wealth, including a great agricultural, mining and human resources. They have a very good amount of farmable land all over but the climate/weather, and lay of the land affect crop production too. The terrain consists of mostly low plains with the Kwahu Plateau in the south-central area. Half of the country lies less than 500 feet above sea level, and the highest point is 2,897 feet. The climate is tropical, but varies with season and elevation. In the north two rainy seasons occur: April – July also from September to November. The annual rainfall ranges from about forty-three inches in the North to about eighty-three inches in the southeast. Along with that, its growing manufacturing sector agriculture remains a key sector of the economy. This sector is currently employing 60 percent of Ghanaian workers. Which also makes up about 44 percent of the country’s GDP. Cocoa is the countries second-largest export. Although new exports such as, wood products, textiles, jewelry, pineapples, tuna fish, and cotton are quickly diversifying Ghana’s agricultural export profile. The country has over 13.6 million hectares of land suitable for livestock or crops. This land is extremely wealthy with natural resources, that is doesn’t just end with agriculture; they are rich in mineral resources as well, gold recently replaced cocoa as the primary export. Diamonds, aluminum, and bauxite also account for a large part of the country’s exports. Once word got out the mining industry became liberal in 1987. Many strategic investors came along from the United States, Canada, and Britain. South Africa, and Australia have also taken advantage of the new business opportunities. Gold output rose to about 1.6 million ounces in 1995. Although Ghana is rich in natural resources its industrious, well-educated workforce is one of the country’s most valuable resource. The literacy rate in Ghana, according to, is 81 percent; from ages fifteen to...
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