SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
SP + V(Base Form) + C
USE 1 Repeated Actions
Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do. Example: The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
USE 2 Facts or Generalizations
The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things. Example: Cats like milk.
USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future
Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well. Example: When does class begin tomorrow?
Adverbs Of Frequency / Signal Words
every day, week, month, year, etc.
on Mondays, Tuesday, Wednesday etc.
after school, work, party, etc
PRESENT CONTINUOUS / PROGRESSIVE TENSE
SP + To Be (am/is/are) + V-ing + C
USE 1 Now
Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now. Example: You are not swimming now.
USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now
In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Sometimes, we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second. Example: I am studying to become a doctor.
USE 3 Near Future
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