Piaget’s focus on the child’s thinking led to the development of the stages of cognitive development. Piaget believed the focus was on the child’s thinking and that they must be self-initiated and actively involved in learning activities. He recognised that not all age groups thought the same way and dealt with changes in circumstances differently.
In my setting of 2-4 years we plan the activities around the child’s development stages but allow the children to use the activity in their own way. The children are not expected to use the activities in the same way and are encouraged to share there ideas with each other. Because of Piaget’s theories pre schools have a more hands on approach and plan activities by assessing the child’s needs.
Freud believed that a child’s personality is shaped during there childhood and the relationships they had with their peers, and how the child’s personality develops during different stages of childhood. Freud was able to observe this through continual observations.
In my preschool with 2-4 year olds we ensure that observations are taken place on a daily basis, we use the observations to asses and plan future activities to suit child’s development needs.
Maslow believed that a child’s basic needs needed to be met and felt secure to make them feel comfortable enough to move on to the next development stage. He believed that for a child to progress they had to achieve the previous level such as having a healthy diet will promote a child’s ability to learn.
In my pre school we are able to this my providing each child with a key person, by having someone that they have built a good relationship with will enable them to feel safe and secure within the setting, and provide them with a happy learning environment. This is why in our setting, we have snack time and encourage every child to have piece of fruit to give them the energy to complete planned